Jean Gehricke

picture of Jean  Gehricke

Associate Professor, Pediatrics
School of Medicine

Ph.D., Freie Universitaet Berlin, Psychology

Phone: 949-267-0484

University of California, Irvine
Center for Autism & Neurodevelopmental Disorders
2500 Red Hill Avenue
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Research Interests
ADHD; Autism Spectrum Disorders; Depression; Drug Abuse; Brain Imaging; Genetics; Affective Neuroscience
Ornitz, E.M., Gabikian, P., Russell, A.T., Guthrie, D., Hirano, C., & Gehricke, J.-G. (1997). Affective valence and arousal in ADHD and normal boys during a startle habituation experiment. Journal of the American Academy for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(12), 1-8.
Gehricke, J.-G. (1998). Facial activity, emotion, and social context in depression. Berlin: Retriever. ISBN/ISSN 3-931734-07-2.
Ornitz, E.M., Russell, A.T., Hanna, G.L., Gabikian, P., Gehricke, J.-G., Song, D., & Guthrie, D. (1999). Prepulse inhibition of startle and the neurobiology of primary nocturnal enuresis. Biological Psychiatry, 45(11), 1455-1466.
Bailey, J.N., Ornitz, E.M., Gehricke, J.-G., Gabikian, P., Russell, A.T., & Smalley, S.L. (1999). Transmission of primary nocturnal enuresis and attention deficit disorder. Acta Paediatrica, 88(12), 1364-1368.
Ornitz, E.M., Russell, A.T., Gabikian, P., Gehricke, J.-G., & Guthrie, D. (2000). Prepulse inhibition of startle, intelligence, and familial primary nocturnal enuresis. Acta Paediatrica, 89(4), 475-481.
Gehricke, J.-G. & Shapiro, D. (2000). Reduced facial expression and social context in major depression: Discrepancies between facial muscle activity and self-reported emotion. Psychiatry Research, 95(2), 157-167.
Gehricke, J.-G. & Shapiro, D. (2001). Facial and autonomic activity in depression: Social context differences during imagery. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 41(1), 53-64.
Ornitz, E.M., Gehricke, J.-G., Russell, A.T., Pynoos, R., & Siddarth, P. (2001). Modulation of the startle-evoked P300 by the conditions of the cued continuous performance task in school-age boys. Clinical Neurophysiology, 112 (12), 2209-2023.
Gehricke, J.-G. & Fridlund, A.J. (2002). Smiling, frowning, and autonomic activity in mildly depressed and non-depressed men in response to emotional imagery of social contexts. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 94 (1), 141-151.
Gehricke, J.-G., Ornitz, E.M., & Siddarth, P. (2002). Differentiating between reflex and spontaneous blinks using simultaneous recording of the orbicularis oculi electromyogram and the electro-oculogram in startle research. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 44 (4), 261-268.
Whalen, C.K., Jamner, L.D., Henker, B., Gehricke, J.-G., & King, P.S. (2003). Is there a link between adolescent cigarette smoking and pharmacotherapy for ADHD? Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 17, 332-335.
Gehricke, J.-G.,Whalen, C.K., Jamner, L.D., Wigal, T.L., & Steinhoff, K. (2006). The reinforcing effects of transdermal nicotine patches and stimulant medication in the everyday lives of adult smokers with ADHD: A preliminary examination. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 8, 37-47.
Wigal, T., Wigal, S.B., Steinhoff, K., Kollins, S., Newcorn, J.H., Steinberg-Epstein, R., Kapelinski, A., Bowie, J., Gehricke, J.-G., & Swanson, J.M. (2007) Establishing a clinical diagnosis of ADHD in adults: the QUEST methods. Advances in ADHD, 2, 17-24.
Gehricke, J.-G., Loughlin, S.E., Whalen, C.K., Potkin, S.G., Fallon, J.H., Jamner, L.D., & Leslie, F.M. (2007). Smoking to self-medicate attentional and emotional dysfunctions. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 9, Suppl. 4, 523-536.
Gehricke, J.-G., Potkin, S.G., Leslie, F.M., Loughlin, S.E., Whalen, C.K., Jamner, L.D., Mbogori, J., & Fallon, J. (2009). Nicotine-induced brain metabolism associated with anger provocation. Behavioral and Brain Functions,5 (19), 1-6.
Gehricke, J.-G., Hong, N., Whalen, C.K., Wigal, T.L. (2009). The effects of transdermal nicotine on symptoms, moods, and cardiovascular activity in the everyday lives of smokers and nonsmokers with ADHD. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 23(4), 644-655.
Mahajan, N., Hong, N., Wigal, T.L., & Gehricke, J.-G. (2010). Inattentive and hyperactive symptoms associated with sleep quality in adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Journal of Attention Disorders, 14(2), 132-137.
Gehricke, J.-G., Hong, N., Wigal, T.L., Chan, V., & Doan, A. (2011). ADHD medication reduces cotinine levels and withdrawal in smokers with ADHD. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 98(3), 485-491.
Wigal, S.B., Schneider, N., Gehricke, J.-G., & Galassetti, P. (2013). Exercise: Application to Childhood ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 17, 279-290.
Gehricke, J.-G., Polzonetti, C., Caburian, C., & Gratton, E. (2013). Cerebral hemodynamic changes during cigarette smoking in male smokers with and without ADHD. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 112, 78–81.
Gehricke, J.-G. & Li, C. (2013). Marijuana use is associated with inattention in men and sleep quality in women with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Psychiatry Research, 210, 1310–1312
Gehricke, J.-G., Swanson, J., Fallon, J., Caburian, C., Muftuler, T., Wigal, T., & Moyzis, R. (2015). Increased brain activity to unpleasant stimuli in individuals with the 7R allele of the DRD4 gene. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 30, 231(1),58-63.
Huemer, S., Kruggel, F., Mann, V., & Gehricke, J.-G. (2016). White and grey matter abnormalities in autism align with verbal ability. Journal of Advanced Neuroscience Research, (3), 32–44.
Gehricke, J.-G., Kruggel, F., Thampipop, T., Alejo, S., Tatos, E., Fallon, J., & Muftuler, L.T. (2017). The Brain Anatomy of ADHD in young adults – A MRI Study. PLOSONE, 12(4): e0175433, 1- 21.
Gehricke, J.-G., Gevorkian, J., Stehli, A., Alejo, S., Dawson, M., & Kopelevich, A. (2019). Discrepancies in the Validity of Self-reported Cigarette Smoking in Adults With and Without ADHD. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, June 3, 1-7. DOI: 10.1080/15504263.2019.1620399
Gehricke, J.-G., Chan, J., Farmer, J.G., Fenning, R.M., Steinberg-Epstein, R., Misra, M., Parker, R.A., & Neumeyer, A.M. (2020). Physical activity rates in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder compared to the general population. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 70, 101490.
Smith, K.A., Gehricke, J.-G., Iadarola, S., Wolfe, A. & Kuhlthau, K.A. (2020). Disparities in service use among children with autism: A systematic review. Pediatrics April 2020, 145 (Supplement 1) S35 S46; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-1895G.
Principal Investigator, “Social Motives in Depression.” German Academic Exchange Society (DAAD), 1995-1997.
Co-Investigator, “Adolescent Susceptibility to Tobacco: A Panel Study.” California Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program (Principal Investigator, Larry Jamner), 1998-2001.
Co-Investigator, “Vectors of Vulnerability in Teen and Young Adult Smoking.” NIH: National Institute of Drug Addiction/Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center (Principal Investigator, Larry Jamner), 1999-2004.
Principal Investigator, Pilot Project “Transdermal Nicotine Effects on Daily Moods and Arousal in Adult Smokers with ADHD.” NIH: National Institute of Drug Addiction/Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center (Principal Investigator, Frances Leslie), 2002-2003.
Principal Investigator, Pilot Project “Affect Management to Reduce Tobacco Use in Angry and Depressed Adolescents.” Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Principal Investigator, Larry Jamner), 2003-2005.
Principal Investigator, Pilot Project “Nicotine, Brain Metabolism and Daily Moods and Behavior.” NIH: National Institute of Drug Addiction/Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center (Principal Investigator, Frances Leslie), 2004-2005.
Principal Investigator, Research Project Award “Nicotine & Behavioral Regulation in Adult ADHD.” Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program, 2005-2009.
Principal Investigator, R03 “The Reinforcing Mechanisms of Smoking in Adult ADHD.” NIH: National Institute of Drug Abuse, 2006-2009.
Principal Investigator, K01 “Self-medication, Neurocircuitry, and Genes in Adult ADHD.” NIH: National Institute of Drug Abuse, 2009-2015.
Principal Investigator, “Summer Research with NIDA for Underrepresented Minorities”. NIH: National Institute of Drug Abuse, 2011.
Principal Investigator, “Summer Research with NIDA for Underrepresented Minorities”. NIH: National Institute of Drug Abuse, 2012.
Principal Investigator, “Project TALC: Therapy-assisted Lego Class”. Autism Speaks, 2014.
Co-Principal Investigator, “Autism Treatment Network”, Autism Speaks, 2014-2017.
Co-Investigator, “Autism and Gastrointestinal Dysfunction” (Principal Investigator, Pat Levitt). Autism Speaks, 2014-2017.
Principal Investigator, "Physical Exercise to Reduce Anxiety in Underserved Children with Autism", Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Autism Intervention Research on Physical Health (AIR-P), 2016-2020.
Professional Societies
Society for Neuroscience
Association for Clinical Translational Science
Research Centers
Center for Autism Research and Treatment (CART)
Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
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