Manabu Shiraiwa

Assistant Professor, Chemistry
School of Physical Sciences

Ph.D., Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, 2011, Chemistry


M.S., the University of Tokyo, 2008, Earth Science


B.S., the University of Tokyo, 2006, Chemistry

Phone: (949)824-2738
Email: m.shiraiwa@uci.edu

University of California, Irvine

Irvine, CA 92697

picture of Manabu  Shiraiwa

Research
Interests
Atmospheric Chemistry, Heterogeneous and Multiphase Chemistry, Aerosol Particles, Reactive Oxygen Species, Kinetic Modeling
   
URL Group HP
   
Academic
Distinctions
NSF CAREER Award, National Science Foundation (2017)
Young Scientist Award, Japan Society for Atmospheric Chemistry (2015)
Sheldon K. Friedlander Award, American Association for Aerosol Research (2014)
Paul-Crutzen Prize, German Chemical Society (2012)
JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowships for Research Abroad (2012)
Otto-Hahn Medal, Max Planck Society (2011)
   
Appointments 2015 - Adjunct Associate Professor, Graduate School for Environemntal Studies, Nagoya University, Japan
2013 - 2016 Group leader, Multiphase Chemistry Department, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Germany
2012 - 2013 JSPS Postdoc fellow, California Institute of Technology
   
Research
Abstract
The Shiraiwa group focuses on the properties and multiphase processes of aerosol particles and their effects on atmospheric chemistry, air quality and human health. Aerosol particles are ubiquitous in the atmosphere, affecting climate, air quality, and public health. Organic aerosols account for a major fraction of fine particulate matter in the atmosphere. Formation and growth of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) is triggered by reaction of ozone and OH radicals with volatile organic compounds emitted from various biogenic and anthropogenic sources followed by condensation of oxidation products. Multiphase chemistry of aerosols are also efficient pathways for SOA formation and aging Heterogeneous reactions of atmospheric oxidants can affect the abundance of trace gases and significantly alter the particles’ physical and chemical properties such as their toxicity, ice and cloud activation abilities, and radiative properties. Multiphase chemistry deals with chemical reactions, transport processes, and transformations between gaseous, liquid, and solid matter. These processes are essential for Earth system science and climate research as well as for life and health sciences on molecular and global levels, bridging a wide range of spatial and temporal scales from below nanometers to thousands of kilometers and from less than nanoseconds to years. Knowledge of the mechanisms and kinetics of these processes is also required to address societally relevant questions of global environmental change and public health.

Key Topics:
- Gas uptake, formation, evolution and partitioning of organic aerosols
- Multiphase chemical processes at the atmosphere-biosphere interface including lung lining fluid and human skin
- Reactive Oxygen Species/Intermediates (ROS/ROI), allergenic proteins and their health effects

Methods:
- Kinetic flux models for gas-particle interactions in aerosols and clouds
- Chamber, coated wall and aerosol flow tube experiments
- Combination of numerical modeling, laboratory experiments, and field measurements on organic aerosol & oxidant chemistry
   
Publications Shiraiwa, M., Y. Li, A. P. Tsimpidi, V. A. Karydis, T. Berkemeier, S. N. Pandis, J. Lelieveld, T. Koop, U. Pöschl: Global distribution of particle phase state in atmospheric secondary organic aerosols, Nature Commun., 8, 15002, 2017.

Tong, H., A. M. Arangio, P. S. J. Lakey, T. Berkemeier, F. Liu, C. J. Kampf, W. H. Brune, U. Pöschl, and M. Shiraiwa: Hydroxyl radicals from secondary organic aerosol decomposition in water, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 1761-1771, 2016.

Pöschl, U. & Shiraiwa, M.: Multiphase Chemistry at the Atmosphere–Biosphere Interface Influencing Climate and Public Health in the Anthropocene, Chem. Rev., 115(10), 4440–4475, 2015.

Shiraiwa, M., Berkemeier, T., Schilling-Fahnestock, K. A., Seinfeld, J. H., and Pöschl, U.: Molecular corridors and kinetic regimes in the multiphase chemical evolution of secondary organic aerosol, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 8323-8341, 2014.

Shiraiwa, M., Yee, L. Y., Schilling, K. A., Loza, C. L., Craven, J. S., Zuend, A., Ziemann, P. J. and Seinfeld, J.H.: Size distribution dynamics reveal particle-phase chemistry in organic aerosol formation, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 110(29), 11746-11750, 2013.

Pöhlker, C., Wiedemann, K. T., Sinha, B., Shiraiwa, M., Gunthe, S. S., Smith, M., Su, H., Artaxo, P., Chen, Q., Cheng, Y., Elbert, W., Gilles, M. K., Kilcoyne, A. L. D., Moffet, R. C., Weigand, M., Martin, S. T., Pöschl, U. & Andreae, M. O.: Biogenic Potassium Salt Particles as Seeds for Secondary Organic Aerosol in the Amazon, Science, 337, 1075, 2012.

Shiraiwa, M. and Seinfeld, J. H.: Equilibration timescale of atmospheric secondary organic aerosol partitioning, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L24801, 2012.

Shiraiwa, M., M. Ammann, T. Koop & U. Pöschl, Gas uptake and chemical aging of semi-solid organic aerosol particles, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 108, 11003-11008, 2011.

Shiraiwa, M., Y. Sosedova, A. Rouviere, H. Yang, Y. Zhang, J.P.D. Abbatt, M. Ammann, U. Pöschl, The role of long-lived reactive oxygen intermediates in the reaction of ozone with aerosol particles, Nature Chem., 3, 291-295, 2011.
   
Professional
Societies
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
American Association for Aerosol Research (AAAR)
American Chemical Society (ACS)
   
Graduate Programs Chemistry

   
   
Link to this profile http://www.faculty.uci.edu/profile.cfm?faculty_id=6256
   
Last updated 08/10/2017