Plant Physiological Ecology, Plant Ecology, Desert Biology, Global Change Biology, Ecohydrology, Ecosystem Ecology
2004 Distinguished Alumnus, California State University, San Bernardino, College of Natural Sciences,
2000 UNLV Foundation Dissertation Research Excellence Award, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
1998 Best Student Poster Award, Ecological Society of America, Physiological Ecology Section.
1997 Forrest Shreve Award for Desert Research, Ecological Society of America.
2007 – 2012: Director Biosphere 2 and B2 Earthscience, College of Science, University of Arizona
2010 – 2012: Director UA Science: Flandrau, College of Science, University of Arizona
2009 – 2012: Co-Director Arizona Center for STEM Teachers, College of Science, University of Arizona
2010 – 2012: Professor, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona
2001 –2010: Assistant and Associate Professor, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona
2000 – 2001: Postdoctoral Researcher, Environmental, Population and Organismic Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder
I am a physiological ecologist who focuses on understanding the evolution of functional traits in plants and the impacts of climate change on ecosystems. I investigate physiological or plant-mediated processes from the spatial scale of cells to that of whole landscapes. A recent focus of my scholarship is understanding the dynamics of climate-ecosystem interactions and their influence in coupling of carbon and water cycles in arid landscapes, which encompass ~ 40% of Earth’s surface. I am interested in the plant processes underlying these coupling and how these patterns and mechanism are related to processes in diverse biomes from around the globe.
Adams HD, Luce CH, Breshears DD, Allen CD, Weiler M, Hale VC, Smith AMS, Huxman TE (2012) Ecohydrological consequences of drought- and infestation-triggered tree die-off: insights and hypotheses. Ecohydrology 5:145-159.
Barron-Gafford GA, Scott RL, Jenerette GD, Huxman TE (2012) Temperature and precipitation controls over leaf- and ecosystem-level CO2 flux along a wood plant encroachment gradient. Global Change Biology 18:1389-1400.
Cable JM, Barron-Gafford GA, Ogle K, Pavao-Zuckerman M, Scott RL, Williams DG, Huxman TE (2012) Shrub encroachment alters sensitivity of soil respiration to temperature and moisture. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 117:G01001.
Jardine K, Monson RK, Abrell L, Saleska SR, Arneth A, Jardine A, Ishida RY, Serrano AMY, Artaxo P, Karl T, Fares S, Goldstein Al, Loreto F, Huxman T (2012) Within-plant isoprene oxidation confirmed by direct emissions of oxidation products methyl vinyl ketone and methacrolein. Global Change Biology 18:973-984.
Kimball S, Gremer JR, Angert AL, Huxman TE, Venable DL (2012) Fitness and physiology in a variable environment. Oecologia 169:319-329.
Zeppel MJB, Lewis JD, Chaszar B, Smith RA, Medlyn BE, Huxman TE, Tissue DT (2012) Nocturnal stomatal conductance responses to rising [CO2], temperature and drought. New Phytologist 194:464-476.
Barron-Gafford GA, Scott RL, Jenerette GD, Huxman TE (2011) The relative controls of temperature, soil moisture, and plant functional group on soil CO2 efflux at diel, seasonal and annual scales. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 116:G01023.
Cable JM, Ogle K, Lucas RW, Huxman TE, Loik ME, Smith SD, Tissue DT, Ewers BE, Pendall E, Welker JM, Charlet TN, Cleary M, Griffith A, Nowak RS, Rogers M, Steltzer H, Sullivan PF, van Gestel NC (2011) The temperature response of soil respiration in deserts: a seven desert synthesis. Biogeochemistry 103:71-90.
Chorover J, Troch PA, Rasmussen C, Brooks PD, Pelletier JD, Breshears DD, Huxman TE, Kurc SA, Lohse KA, McIntosh JC, Meixner T, Schaap MG, Litvak ME, Perdrial J, Harpold A, Durcik M (2011) How water, carbon and energy drive critical zone evolution: the Jemez-Santa Catalina Critical Zone Observatory. Vadose Zone Journal 10:884-899.
Guardiola-Claramonte M, Troch PA, Breshears DD, Huxman TE, Switanek MB, Durcik M, Cobb NS (2011) Decreased streamflow in semi-arid basins following drought-induced tree die-off: A counter-intuitive and indirect climate impact on hydrology. Journal of Hydrology 406:225-233.
Hamerlynck EP, Scott RL, Moran MS, Schwander AM, Connor E, Huxman TE (2011) Inter- and under-canopy soil water, leaf-level and whole-plant gas exchange dynamics of a semi-arid perennial C4 grass. Oecologia 165:17-29.
Jardine K, Serrano AY, Arneth A, Abrell L, Jardine A, van Haren J, Artaxo P, Rizzo LV, Ishida FY, Karl T, Kesselmeier J, Saleska S, Huxman T (2011) Within-canopy sesquiterpene ozonolysis in Amazonia. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 116:D19301.
Jardine K, Serrano AY, Arneth A, Abrell L, Jardine A, Artaxo P, Alves E, Kesselmeier J, Taylor T, Saleska S, Huxman T (2011) Ecosystem-scale compensation points of formic and acetic acid in the central Amazon. Biogeosciences 8:37093720.
Kimball S, Angert AL, Huxman TE, Venable DL (2011) Differences in the timing of germination and reproduction relate to growth physiology and population dynamics of Sonoran Desert winter annuals. American Journal of Botany 98:1773-1782.
Ravi S, D’Odorico P, Breshears DD, Field JP, Goudie AS, Huxman TE, Li JR, Okin GS, Swap RJ, Thomas AD, Va Pelt S, Whicker JJ, Zobeck TM (2011) Aeolian processes and the biosphere. Reviews of Geophysics 49:RG3001.
Rasmussen C, Troch PA, Chorover J, Brooks P, Pelletier J, Huxman TE (2011) An open system framework for integrating critical zone structure and function. Biogeochemistry 102:15-29.
Adams HD, Macalady AK, Breshears DD, Allen CD, Stephenson NL, Saleska SR, Huxman TE, McDowell NG (2010) Climate-induced tree mortality: earth system consequences. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 91:153-154.
Angert AL, Horst JL, Huxman TE, Venable DL (2010) Phenotypic plasticity and precipitation response in Sonoran Desert winter annuals. American Journal of Botany 97:405-411.
Hamerlynck EP, Scott RL, Moran MS, Keefer TO, Huxman TE (2010) Growing season ecosystem and leaf-level gas exchange of an exotic and native semiarid bunchgrass. Oecologia 163:561-570.
Ivanov VY, Fatichi S, Jenerette GD, Espeleta JF, Troch PA, Huxman TE (2010) Hysteresis of soil moisture spatial heterogeneity and the ‘homogenizing’ effect of vegetation. Water Resources Research 46:W09521
Jardine K, Abrell L, Kurc SA, Huxman T, Ortega J, Guenther A (2010) Volatile organic compound emissions from Larrea tridentata (creosotebush). Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10:12191-12206.
Jardine KJ, Henderson WM, Huxman TE, Abrell L (2010) Dynamic Solution Injection: a new method for preparing pptv-ppbv volatile organic compounds. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 3:1569-1576.
Jardine KJ, Sommer ED, Saleska SR, Huxman TE, Harley PC, Abrell L (2010) Gas phase measurements of pyruvic acid and its volatile metabolites. Environmental Science & Technology 44:2454-2460.
Jenerette GD, Scott RL, Barron-Gafford GA, Huxman TE (2010) Gross primary production variability associated with meteorology, physiology, leaf area, and water supply in contrasting woodland and grassland semiarid riparian ecosystems. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences. 114:G04010.
Kimball S, Angert AL, Huxman TE, Venable DL (2010) Contemporary climate change in the Sonoran Desert favors cold-adapted species. Global Change Biology 16:1555-1565.
Ravi S, Breshears DD, Huxman TE, D’Odorico P (2010) Land degradation in drylands: interactions among hydrologic-aeolian erosion and vegetation dynamics. Geomorphology 116:236-245.
Ravi S, D’Odorico P, Huxman TE, Collins SL (2010) Interactions between soil erosion processes and fires: implications for the dynamics of fertility islands. Rangeland Ecology and Management 63:267-274.
Rosolem R, Shuttleworth WJ, Zeng XB, Saleska SR, Huxman TE (2010) Land surface modeling inside the Biosphere 2 tropical rain forest biome. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeoscience2 115:G04035.
Wang LX, Caylor KK, Villegas JC, Barron-Gafford GA, Breshears DD, Huxman TE (2010) Partitioning evapotranspiration across gradients of woody plant cover: assessment of a stable isotope technique. Geophysical Research Letters 37:L09401.
Adams HD, Guardiola-Claramonte M, Barron-Gafford G, Camilo Villegas JC, Breshears DD, Zou CB, Troch PA, Huxman TE (2009) Warmer, global-change-type drought accelerates tree mortality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 107:7063-7066.
Adams HD, Guardiola-Claramonte M, Barron-Gafford G, Camilo Villegas JC, Breshears DD, Zou CB, Troch PA, Huxman TE (2009) Reply to Sala: Temperature sensitivity in drought-induced tree mortality hastens the ned to further resolve a physiological model of death. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 106:E69-E69.
Adams HD, Guardiola-Claramonte M, Barron-Gafford G, Camilo Villegas JC, Breshears DD, Zou CB, Troch PA, Huxman TE (2009) Reply to Leuzinger et al.: Drought-induced tree mortality temperatuere sensitivity requires pressing forward with best available science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 106:E107-E107.
Angert A, Huxman TE, Chesson P, Venable DL (2009) Functional tradeoffs promote species coexistence via the storage effect. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 106:11641-11645.
Bobich EG, Huxman TE (2009) Dry mass partitioning and gas exchange for young ocotillos (Fouquieria splendens) in the Sonoran Desert. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 170:283-289.
Bronstein JL, Huxman T, Horvath B, Farabee M, Davidowitz G (2009) Reproductive biology of Datura wrightii: the benefits of a herbivorous pollinator. Annals of Botany 103:1435-1443.
Cable JM, Ogle K, Tyler AP, Pavao-Zuckerman MA, Huxman TE (2009) Woody plant encroachment impacts on soil carbon and microbial processes: results from a hierarchical Bayesian analysis of soil incubation data. Plant and Soil 320:153-167.
Hamerlynck EP, Huxman TE (2009) Ecophysiology of two Sonoran Desert evergreen shrubs during extreme drought. Journal of Arid Environments 73:582-585.
Huxman T, Troch P, Chorover J, Breshears DD, Saleska S, Pelletier J, Zeng X, Espeleta J (2009) The hills are alive: Earth science in a controlled environment. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 90:120.
Ignace DD, Huxman TE (2009) Limitations to photosynthetic function across season in Larrea tridentata (creosotebush) growing on contrasting soils surfaces in the Sonoran Desert. Journal of Arid Environments 73:626-633.
Lohse KA, Brooks PD, McIntosh JC, Meixner T, Huxman TE (2009) Interactions between biogeochemistry and hydrologic systems. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 34:65-96.
Resco V, Ewers BE, Sun W, Huxman TE, Weltzin JF, Williams DG (2009) Drought-induced hydraulic limitations constrain leaf gas exchange recovery after precipitation pulses in the C3 woody legume, Prosopis veluntina. New Phytologist 181:672-682.
Ravi S, D’Odorico P, Collins SL, Huxman TE (2009) Can biological invasions induce desertification? New Phytologist 181:512-515.
Ravi S, Huxman TE (2009) Land Degradation in the Thar Desert. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7:517-518.
Scott RL, Jenerette GD, Potts DL, Huxman TE (2009) Effects of seasonal drought on net carbon dioxide exchange from a woody-plant-encroached semiarid grassland. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 114:G04004.
Troch P, Martinez G, Pauwels V, Durcik M, Sivapalan M, Harman C, Brooks P, Gupta H, Huxman T (2009) Climate and vegetation water-use efficiency at catchments scales. Hydrological Processes 23:2409-2414.
Breshears DD, Huxman TE, Adams HD, Zou CB, Davison JE (2008) Vegetation synchronously leans upslope as climate warms. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105:11592-11592.
Cable JM, Ogle K, Williams DG, Weltzin JF, Huxman TE (2008) Soil texture drives responses of soil respiration to precipitation pulses in the Sonoran Desert: implications for climate change. Ecosystems 11:961-979.
Huxman TE, Venable DL, Barron-Gafford G, Gerst K, Angert AL, Tyler A (2008) Photosynthetic resource-use efficiency and demographic variability in desert annual plants. Ecology 89:1554-1563.
Jenerette GD, Scott RL, Huxman TE (2008) Whole ecosystem metabolic pulses following precipitation events. Functional Ecology 22:924-930.
Potts DL, Scott RL, Cable JM, Huxman TE, Williams DG (2008) Sensitivity of mesquite shrubland CO2 exchange to precipitation in contrasting physiographic settings. Ecology 89:2900-2910.
Resco V, Ignace DD, Sun W, Huxman TE, Weltzin JF, Williams DG (2008) Chlorophyll fluorescence, predawn water potential and photosynthesis in precipitation pulse-driven ecosystems – implications for ecological studies. Functional Ecology 22:479-483.
Ryan MG, Archer SR, Birdsey R, Dahm C, Heath L, Hicke J, Hollinger D, Huxman T, Okin G, Oren R, Randerson J, Schlesinger W (2008) Land Resources. In: The effects of climate change on agriculture, land resources, water resources, and biodiversity in the United States. A report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Sub-committee on Global Change Research. Washington DC, USA, 362 pp.
Scott RL, Cable WL, Huxman TE, Nagler PL, Hernandez M, Goodrich DC (2008) Multiyear riparian evapotranspiration and groundwater use for a semiarid watershed. Journal of Arid Environments 73:1232-1246.
Angert AL, Barron-Gafford G, Gerst K, Huxman TE, Venable DL (2007) Interspecific and seasonal variation in growth and allocation in a guild of desert winter annuals. Journal of Ecology 95:321-331.
Enquist EJ, Kerkhoff AJ, Huxman TE, Economo EP (2007) Adaptive differences in plant physiology and ecosystem paradoxes: insights from metabolic scaling theory. Global Change Biology 13:592-609.
Ignace DD, Huxman TE, Weltzin J, Williams DG (2007) Leaf gas exchange and water status response of a native and non-native grass to precipitation across contrasting soil surfaces in the Sonoran Desert. Oecologia 152:401-413.
Patrick L, Cable J, Potts D, Ignace D, Barron-Gafford G, Griffith A, Alpert H, Van Gestel N, Robertson T, Huxman T, Zak J, Loik M, Tissue D (2007) Effect of a increase in summer precipitation on leaf, soil and ecosystem CO2 and H2O fluxes in a stool-grassland in Big Bend National Park, Texas. Oecologia 151:704-718.
Nagler PL, Glenn EP, Kim H, Emmerich W, Scott RL, Huxman TE, Huete AR (2007) Relationship between evapotranspiration and precipitation pulses in a semiarid rangeland estimated by moisture flux towers and MODIS vegetation indices. Journal of Arid Environments 70:443-462.
Potts DL, Huxman TE, Scott RL, Williams DG, Goodrich DC (2006) The sensitivity of ecosystem carbon exchange to seasonal precipitation and woody plant encroachment. Oecologia 150:453-463.
Scott, RL, Huxman TE, Cable WL, Emmerich WE (2006) The partitioning of evaporation and its relation to the components of carbon dioxide exchange in a Chihuahuan Desert shrubland. Hydrological Processes 20:3227-3243.
Williams DG, Scott RL, Huxman TE, Goodrich DC, Lin G (2006) Sensitivity of riparian ecosystems in arid and semiarid environments to moisture pulses. Hydrological Processes 20:3191-3205.
Housman, DC, Naumburg E, Huxman TE, Charlet TN, Nowak RS, Smith SD (2006). Increases in desert shrub productivity under elevated CO2 vary with seasonal water availability. Ecosystems 9:374-385.
Potts DL, Huxman TE, Cable JM, English NB, Ignace DD, Eilts JA, Mason MJ, Weltzin JF, Williams DG (2006) Antecedent moisture and seasonal precipitation influence response of canopy-scale carbon and water exchange to rainfall pulses in a semi-arid grassland. New Phytologist 170:849-860.
Scott RL, Huxman TE, Williams DG, Goodrich D (2006) Ecohydrological impacts of woody plant encroachment: seasonal patterns of water and carbon dioxide exchange within a semiarid riparian environment. Global Change Biology 12:311-324.
Potts DL, Huxman TE, Enquist BJ, Weltzin J, Williams DG (2006) Resilience and resistance of ecosystem functional response to a precipitation pulse in a semi-arid grassland. Journal of Ecology 94:23-30.
Huxman TE, Wilcox BP, Scott RL, Snyder K, Hultine K, Small E, Breshears D, Pockman W, Jackson RB (2005) Ecohydrological implications of woody plant encroachment. Ecology 86:308-319.
Monson RK, Sparks JP, Rosenstiel TN, Scott-Denton L, Huxman TE, Harley PC, Turnipseed AA, Burns S, Backlund B, Hu J (2005) Climatic influences on net ecosystem CO2 exchange during the transition from wintertime respiration to springtime photosynthesis in a high-elevation, subalpine forest. Oecologia 146:130-147
Yepez EA, Huxman TE, Ignace DD, English NB, Weltzin JF, Castellanos AE, Williams DG (2005) Transpiration and evaporation following a moisture pulse in semiarid grassland: a chamber-based isotope method for partitioning evapotranspiration. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 132:359-376.
Cable JM, Huxman TE (2004) Precipitation pulse size effects on Sonoran Desert soil microbial crusts. Oecologia 141:317-324.
Hamerlynck EP, Huxman TE, McAuliffe JR, Smith SD (2004) Carbon isotope discrimination and foliar nutrient status of Larrea tridentata (creosote bush) in contrasting Mojave Desert soils. Oecologia 138:210-215.
Huxman TE, Cable JM, Ignace DD, Eilts AJ, English N, Weltzin J, Williams DG (2004) Response of net ecosystem gas exchange to a simulated precipitation pulse in a semiarid grassland: the role of native versus non-native grasses and soil texture. Oecologia 141:295-305.
Huxman TE, Smith, MD, Fay PA, Knapp AK, Shaw MR, Loik ME, Smith SD, Tissue DT, Zak JC, Weltzin JF, Pockman WT, Sala OE, Haddad BM, Harte J, Koch GW, Schwinning S, Small EE, Williams DG (2004) Convergence across biomes to a common rain-use efficiency. Nature 429:651-654.
Huxman TE, Snyder KA, Tissue D, Leffler AJ, Pockman W, Ogle K, Sandquist D, Potts DL, Schwinning S (2004) Precipitation pulses and carbon balance in semi-arid and arid ecosystems. Oecologia 141:254-268.
Loik ME, Still CJ, Huxman TE, Harte J (2004) In situ photosynthetic freezing tolerance for plants exposed to a global warming manipulation in the Rocky Mountains, Colorado, U.S.A. New Phytologist 162:331-341
Nagel JM, Huxman TE, Griffin KL, Smith SD (2004) CO2 enrichment reduces the energetic cost of biomass construction in an invasive desert grass. Ecology 85:100-106.
Scott RL, Edwards EA, Shuttleworth WJ, Huxman TE, Watts C, Goodrich DC (2004) Interannual and seasonal variation in fluxes of water and CO2 from a riparian woodland ecosystem. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 122:65-84.
Enquist BJ, Economo EP, Huxman TE, Allen AP, Ignace DD, Gillooly JF (2003) Scaling metabolism from organisms to ecosystems. Nature 423:639-642
Housman DC, Zitzer SF, Huxman TE, Smith SD (2003) Functional ecology of shrub seedlings after a natural recruitment event at the Nevada Desert FACE Facility. Global Change Biology 9:718-728.
Huxman TE, Turnipseed AA, Sparks JP, Harley PC, Monson RK (2003) Temperature as a control over ecosystem CO2 fluxes in a high-elevation, subalpine forest. Oecologia. 134: 537-546
Huxman TE, Monson RK (2003) Stomatal responses of C3, C3-C4, and C4 Flaveria species to light and intercellular CO2 concentration: implications for the evolution of stomatal behavior. Plant, Cell and Environment. 26:313-322.
Naumburg E., Housman DC, Huxman TE, Charlet TN, Loik ME, Smith SD (2003) Photosynthetic responses of Mojave Desert shrubs to Free Air CO2 Enrichment are greatest during wet years. Global Change Biology. 9:276-285.
Weltzin JF, ME Loik, S Schwinning, DG Williams, P Fay, B Haddad, J Harte, TE Huxman, AK Knapp, G Lin, WT Pockman, MR Shaw, E Small, MD Smith, SD Smith, DT Tissue, JC Zak (2003) Assessing the response of terrestrial ecosystems to potential changes in precipitation. BioScience 53:941-952.
Hamerlynck EP, Huxman TE, Charlet TN, Smith SD (2002) Effects of elevated CO2 (FACE) on the functional ecology of the drought-deciduous Mojave Desert Shrub, Lycium andersonii. Environmental & Experimental Botany. 43:93-106.
Monson RK, Turnipseed AA, Sparks JP, Harley PC, Scott-Denton LE, Sparks K, Huxman TE (2002) Carbon sequestration in a high-elevation subalpine forest. Global Change Biology. 8:459-478.
Huxman TE, Smith SD (2001) Photosynthesis in an invasive grass and native forb at elevated CO2 during an El Niño year in the Mojave Desert. Oecologia, 128:193-201.
Huxman TE, Charlet TN, Grant C, Smith SD (2001) The effect of parental CO2 and offspring nutrient environment on initial growth and photosynthesis in an annual grass. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 162:617-623.
Hamerlynck EP, Huxman TE, Loik ME, Smith SD (2000) Effects of extreme high temperature, drought and elevated CO2 on photosynthesis of the Mojave Desert evergreen shrub, Larrea tridentata. Plant Ecology 148:185-195.
Hamerlynck EP, Huxman TE, Smith SD, Nowak RS, Redar S, Loik ME, Jordan DN, Zitzer SR, Coleman JS, Seemann JR (2000) Photosynthetic responses of contrasting Mojave Desert shrub species to elevated CO2 concentration at the Nevada Desert FACE Facility. Journal of Arid Environments 44:425-436.
Loik ME, Huxman TE, Hamerlynck EP, Smith SD (2000) Low temperature tolerance and cold acclimation for seedlings of three Mojave Desert Yucca species exposed to elevated CO2. Journal of Arid Environments, 46:43-56.
Pataki DE, Huxman TE, Jordan DN, Zitzer SF, Coleman JS, Smith SD, Nowak RS, Seemann JR (2000) Water use of Mojave Desert shrubs under elevated CO2. Global Change Biology 6:889-890.
Smith SD, Huxman TE, Zitzer SF, Charlet TN, Housman DC, Coleman JS, Fenstermaker LK, Seemann JR, Nowak RS (2000) Elevated CO2 increases productivity and invasive species success in an arid ecosystem. Nature 408:79-82.
Huxman TE, Hamerlynck EP, Smith SD (1999) Reproductive allocation and seed production in Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens at elevated CO2. Functional Ecology 13:769-777.
Huxman TE, Hamerlynck EP, Loik ME, Smith SD (1998) Gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence responses of three southwestern Yucca species to elevated CO2 and high temperature. Plant, Cell & Environment 21:1275-1283.
Huxman TE, Hamerlynck EP, Moore BD, Smith SD, Jordan DN, Zitzer SF, Nowak RS, Coleman JS, Seemann JR (1998) Photosynthetic down-regulation in Larrea tridentata exposed to elevated atmospheric CO2: Interaction with drought under glasshouse and field (FACE) exposure. Plant, Cell & Environment 21:1153-1161.
Huxman TE, Hamerlynck EP, Jordan DN, Salsman KL, Smith SD (1998) The effects of parental CO2 environment on seed quality and subsequent seedling performance in Bromus rubens. Oecologia 114:202-208.
Huxman TE, Loik ME (1997) Reproductive patterns of two varieties of Yucca whipplei (Liliaceae) with different life histories. International Journal of Plant Sciences 78:113-120.
Huxman TE, Huxman KA, Stamer MR (1997) Dispersal characteristics of yucca weevils in a flowering field of Yucca whipplei. Great Basin Naturalist 57:38-43.
Huxman TE, Loik ME (1996) Seeds of Yucca whipplei var. whipplei germinate in the fruit. Southwestern Naturalist 43:318-320.
Huxman TE, Loik ME (1996) Abiotic and biotic inflorescence damage and reproductive strategy in Yucca whipplei. San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly 46: 45-48.