Robert William Lingua

picture of Robert William Lingua

Pediatric Ophthalmology, Adult Strabismus, Ophthalmology
School of Medicine

Clinical Professor, Ophthalmology
School of Medicine

M.D., University of Southern California, 1975

Phone: (949) 824-4122

University of California, Irvine
850 Health Sciences Road
Mail Code: 4375
Irvine, CA 92697
Research Interests
Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus
Academic Distinctions

1990 – 1991: Senmed Medical Ventures
1992 – 1995: Escalon Trek Ophthalmics
Medical Advisory Board, GoCheck Kids, Inc.


1986: Scheie Eye Institute, Philadelphia, PA
1994: Anheiser Busch Eye Institute, St. Louis, MO


Reviewer – Journal for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Reviewer – Ophthalmology (Journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology)

1980 – 1981 National Children’s Eye Care Foundation Fellow
1982 Annual Teaching Award, USC Ophthalmology Residents
1982 Best Presentation-Southwestern Pediatric Society
1987 Guest of Honor-International Course in Pediatric Ophthalmology, Buenos Aires, Argentina
1987 Chilean Ophthalmological Society-Guest of Honor
1988 Best Presentation-Southwestern Pediatric Society
1992 American Academy of Ophthalmology Honor Award
2011 Best Teacher of the Year, Gavin Herbert Eye Institute
2011 Nominated for "Clinician of the Year", UCI Medical Center
2011 - Pres Physician of Excellence, Orange County Medical Association
2014 - Pres Top 100 Docs in Orange County, Orange Coast Magazine
2018 AAPOS 2018 Honor Award
2019 Angel Light Academy Award


No. 4.519.392 Hemostasing Absorbable Muscle Clips for Needle-Less Strabismus Surgery
47. Lingua RW, Gore C, (2020) Myectomy of the four horizontal rectus muscles with pulley fixation for the treatment of horizontal nystagmus in 10 adults: a pilot study, J AAPOS. 2020 Mar 26.
[Epub ahead of print]
46. Lingua R, (2018) Clinical and oculomotor complications of extraocular muscle extirpation for infantile nystagmus syndrome, JAAPOS, 2018 Aug 20
45. Lingua, R., Gerling, A., Zhang, Z., Nalbandian, A. (2016). Further Considerations in the Management of Nystagmus with Myectomy. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus, 2016 Jul, 1

44. Lingua RW, Liu CY, Gerling A, Zhang Z, Nalbandian A. (2016) Myectomy of the Extraocular Muscles Without Reattachment as a Surgical Treatment for Horizontal Nystagmus, Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus. 2016 May 1
43. Editorial: Wagner R. …the use of lasik in the pediatric population…” JPOS (2000 Sep-Oct) 37(5).
42. Amanda Gerling, CO; Szu-Yen Leu, PhD; Julio Echegoyen, MD; Angele Nalbandian, PhD; Robert W. Lingua, MD (2015). Reliability and Application Variability of a Commercially Available Infrared Videonystagmography Unit. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus, 2015
41. Sendrowski, D. P., OD, Lingua, R. (2012). Common Ocular Disorders in the pediatric population. Clinical and Refractive Optometry, 23(4), 17-23
40. Shah SB, Lingua RW, Kim CH, Peters NT. Laser-in-situ-keratomileusis to correct residual myopia and astigmatism after radial keratotomy. JCRS (2000-Aug) 26(8):1152-7
39. Peters NT, Lingua RW, Kim CH. Topical intrastromal steroid during laser in-situ keratomileusis to retard interface keratitis. JCRS. 25:1437-1440, 1999.
38. Lingua RW. Early complications and the induction of regression with initial photocoagulation vs. cryosurgery for retinopathy of prematurity. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Retinopathy of Prematurity, November 18-19, 1993. eds. Shapiro M, Biglan A, Miller MT. Chicago, Ill, 109-110, 1995.
37. Gross-Glenn K, Skottun B, Glenn W, Kusch A, Lingua R, et al. Contrast sensitivity in dyslexia. Visual Neuroscience. 12:153-163, 1995.
36. Sinskey RM, Amin PA, Lingua RW. Cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation in an infant with monocular congenital cataract. J Cataract Refract Surg. 29:647-651, 1994.
35. Lingua RW. Vertical and torsional diplopia after three vertical strabismus surgery procedures. In Grand Rounds #31 Kushner B. (ed) Binocular Vision and Eye Muscle Surgery Quarterly. 8(3):162-166, 1993.
34. Lingua RW, Feuer W. Intraoperative succinylcholine and the postoperative eye alignment. J Ped Ophthalmol Strabismus. 29(3):167-170, 1992.
33. Lingua RW. A comparison of superior oblique tendon expanders to tenotomy for superior oblique overaction and Brown syndrome. J Ped Ophthalmol Strabismus. 29(2):98-89, 1992. Commentary
32. Hamed L, Lingua RW, Fanous MM, Saunders TG, Lusby FW. Synergistic divergence: saccadic velocity analysis and surgical results. JPOS. 29(1):30-37, 1992.
31. Lingua RW, Li KF, Tingley D, Feuer W. Succinylcholine stimulated muscle tensions in human strabismus. Binocular Vision and Ocular Motility. 7(1):15-24, 1992.
30. The Prism Adaptation Study Research Group. Efficacy of prism adaptation in the surgical management of acquired esotropia. Arch Ophthalmol. 108:1248-1256, 1990.
29. Dennehy PJ, Lingua RW, Li K, Hernandez E, Feuer W. Succinlycholine stimulated muscle tensions following botulinum injection in the domestic cat. Experimental Eye Research. 52(4):445-449, 1991.
28. Kronish J, Lingua RW. Pressure patch treatment for congenital upper eyelid eversion. (Letter) Arch Ophthalmol. 109:767-768, 1991.
27. Lingua RW, Parel J-M. Photodynamic therapy for ocular tumor. News and Views. J of Photochem and Photobiology:B Biology 9(1991):119-122. Padova, Italy, 1990.
26. Hamed L, Lingua RW. Thyroid eye disease presenting after cataract sugery. JPOS. 27:10-15, 1990.
25. Lingua R, Lee W. A caliper-hook for strabismus surgery. Arch Ophthalmol. Vol.107:1387, 1989.
24. Hamed L, Lingua RW. Evaluation and treatment of diplopia after cataract surgery. Seminars in Ophthalmology. 3(3):197-204, 1988.
23. Lingua RW, Parel J-M, et al. Preclinical evaluation of photodynamic therapy to inhibit lens epithelial proliferation. Lasers and Light in Ophthalmology, 2(2):103-113, 1988.

22. Lingua, R., Levin, L., Azen, S. P., Baker, S., Walonker, F. (1987). Comparison of the succinylcholine-induced ocular position and the postoperative alignment in strabismus. J Ophthalmic Nurs Techol. 6(1):7-13, 1987.
21. Parel J-M, Lingua RW, Ramponi R, Cubeddu R. A light delivery system for ophthalmic photodynamic therapy. Abstracts of the 2nd Congress of the European Society for Photobiology. Padova, Italy, 1987, p.150.
20. Pulido JS, Lingua RW, Cristol S, Bryne SF. Protein C deficiency associated with vitreous hemorrhage in neonates. Am J Ophthalmol. 104(5):546-547, 1987.
19. Lingua RW, Parel J-M, Asis L, et al. Absorbable clips in strabismus surgery. Binoc Vis Oc Mobil. 2(3):129-136, 1987.
18. Parel J-M, Cubeddu R, Ramponi R, Lingua RW, Sacchi CA, Haeflinger E. Endocapsular lavage with photofrin II as a photodynamic therapy for lens epithelial proliferation. Lasers Med Sci. 1(4):25-30, 1990.
17. Lingua R. Motion after-effect transfer I the monofixation syndrome. Commentary. Cleveland Clinic Quarterly 1986, 53:333.
16. Lingua RW, Azen SP Doiron D, et al. Reliability and variability in the measurement of interlimbal distance with a semiautomated video-replay analysis system (SAVRAS). J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 23:74-79, 1986.
15. Lingua RW, Azen S, Walonker F, et al. A comparison of succinylcholine induced ocular position and the postoperative alignment in strabismus. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 23:69-93, 1986.
14. Edelman PM, Lingua RW, Azen SP. A comparison of symmetric vs. asymmetric esotropia surgery on the AC/A ratio and on the distance-near disparity. Am orthoptic J. 36:58-64, 1986.
13. Lingua RW. Sequelae of botulinum toxin injection. Am J Ophthalmol. 100:305-307, 1985.
12. Lingua RW, Walonker F. Use of the posterior fixation suture in Duane's Syndrome Type I. J Oc Ther. 4:107-111,1985.
11. Gomer CJ, Szirth B, Doiron D, Jester JV, Lingua RW, Mark C, Benedict WF, Murphree AL. Preclinical evaluation of hematoporphyrin derivative for the treatment of Intraocular tumors: A preliminary report. Adv Exp Med Bio. 160:109-114, 1983.
10. Lingua RW, Azen S. Succinylcholine and the basic ocular deviation. (Letter). Am J Ophthalmol. 96-120-121, 1983.
9. Lingua RW, Azen S, Szirth B, Edelman P, Walonker F. Succinylcholine as a predictor in strabismus surgery. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 20:145-148, 1983.
8. Schanzlin DJ, Robin JB, Erickson G, Lingua RW, Minckler D, Pickford M. Histopathologic and ultrastructural analysis of congenital corneal staphyloma. Am J Ophthalmol. 95:506-514, 1983.
7. Szirth BC, Gomer CJ, Doiron DR, Lingua RW, McNamara WL, Murphree AL. Photographic documentation of hematoporphyrin derivative HpD and fluorescein angiography in experimental ocular tumors. J Ophthalmic Photog. 6:6-31, 1983.
6. Sparkes RS, Murphree, AL, Lingua RW, et al. Gene for hereditary retinoblastoma assigned to human chromosome 13 by linkage to Esterase-D. Science. 1983:219, 971-973.
5. Lingua RW, Szirth B, Edelman P, Green H. The relationship of the succinylcholine-induced ocular position to the postoperative alignment: A preliminary report. Amer Orthop J. 31:37-52, 1981
4. Benedict W, Lingua RW, Doiron DR, Dawson JA, Murphree AL. Tumor regression of human retinoblastoma in the nude mouse following photoradiation therapy – A preliminary report. Med Pediatric Oncol. 8:397-401, 1980.
3. Caputo AR, Lingua RW. Aberrant muscular insertions in crouzons disease. J Pediatric Ophthalmol Strabismus. 17:239-241, 1980.
2. Caputo AR, Lingua RW. The problem of cycloplegia in the pediatric age group: A combination formula for refraction. J Pediatric Ophthalmol. Strabismus 17:119-128, 1980.
1. Robbins FG, Yellin AE, Lingua RW, Craig JR, Turill FL, Mikkelsen WP. Splenic epidermoid cysts. Ann Surg. 187(3):231-5, 1978.
1982 – 1985: National Institutes of Health- National Eye Institute Award 1RO1 EUO443901 - $162,708.00 Principal Investigator “Succinylcholine as a predictor in Strabismus Surgery”
1985 – 1987: Extension of above-7-RO1 EYO6580 $19,990.00
1985 – 1987: National Eye Institute Multicenter Study EYO5332-03 “Efficacy of Prism Adaptation in Acquired Esotropia” 5%
1987 – 1992: National Institutes of Health-H. Lubs, M.D. “Dyslexia Subtypes: Genetics, Behavioral and Brain Imaging” 5%
1987 – 1990: National Institutes of Health-National Eye Institute-1RO1EYO7163 $182,565.00 Principal Investigator “Quantifying the Tonic Force Effects in Strabismus Surgery”
2014 - Pres: $1.5 million- Children's and Family Commission of Orange County, Clinical Investigator
2016: Nicholas Grant - $100,000, Principal Investigator
2017: Nicholas Grant - $75,000, Principal Investigator
2018: Johnson & Johnson - $100,000, Principal Investigator
Professional Societies
American Academy of Ophthalmology – Fellow (present)
American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons (present)
Orange County Society of Ophthalmology (present)
Orange County Medical Association (present)
Other Experience
Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology
University of Southern California 1981—1985

Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology
University of Miami/Bascom Palmer Eye Institute 1985—1990

Associate Professor of Ophthalmology
Loma Linda University 1990—1991

Associate Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology
University of California, Irvine 1991—2001

Clinical Professor in Ophthalmology
University of California, Irvine 2006—curr

Graduate Programs

Research Center
University of Miami Biophysics Center
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