Education, Inequality, Gender, Family, Race
My research interests lie broadly within the field of inequality, where my work has focused on race, gender, and family inequality in education and the labor market. My work focuses on the role of categories in creating inequalities, examining how we create categories, imbue them with meaning, and sort people into them. I am currently involved in projects examining the role of marriage and children in creating gender wage inequality in Norway, international variation in the structure of earnings inequality, the implications of racial fluidity for inequality in the United States, and how education can create and ameliorate later life inequalities.
Petersen, Trond, Andrew M. Penner, and Geir Høgsnes. Forthcoming. “From motherhood penalties to husband premia: The new challenge for gender equality and family policy, lessons from Norway.” American Journal of Sociology.
Domina, Thurston, Andrew M. Penner, Emily K. Penner, and AnneMarie M. Conley. Forthcoming. “Algebra for all: California’s 8th grade algebra initiative as constrained curricula.” Teachers College Record.
Goldman, Amy D. and Andrew M. Penner. Forthcoming. “Exploring international gender differences in mathematics self-concept.” International Journal of Adolescence and Youth.
Saperstein, Aliya and Andrew M. Penner. 2014. “Beyond the looking glass: Exploring fluidity in racial self-identification and interviewer classification.” Sociological Perspectives, 57, 186-207.
Saperstein, Aliya, Andrew M. Penner, and Jessica M. Kizer. 2014. “The criminal justice system and the racialization of perceptions.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 651, 104-121.
Kmec, Julie A., Matt L. Huffman, and Andrew M. Penner. 2014. “Being a parent or having a parent? The perceived employability of men and women who take employment leave.” American Behavioral Scientist, 58, 453-472.
Saperstein, Aliya, Andrew M. Penner, and Ryan Light. 2013. “Racial formation in perspective: Connecting individuals, institutions and power relations.” Annual Review of Sociology, 39, 359-378.
Penner, Andrew M. and Aliya Saperstein. 2013. “Engendering racial perceptions: An intersectional analysis of how social status shapes race.” Gender & Society, 27, 319-343.
Penner, Andrew M., Aleksandra Kanjuo-Mrcela, Nina Bandelj, and Trond Petersen. 2012. “Neenakost po spolu v Sloveniji od 1993 do 2007: razlike v placah na ravni delovnega mesta v perspektivi ekonomske sociologije. ” [Gender inequality in Slovenia, 1993-2007: An economic sociology perspective on job-level pay differences. In Slovenian.] Teorija in Praksa, 49, 854-877.
Saperstein, Aliya and Andrew M. Penner. 2012. “Racial fluidity and inequality in the United States.” American Journal of Sociology, 118, 676-727.
Penner, Andrew M., Harold J. Toro, and Matt Huffman. 2012. “Do women managers ameliorate gender differences in wages? Evidence from a large grocery retailer.” Sociological Perspectives, 55, 365-381.
Freeman, Jon, Andrew M. Penner, Aliya Saperstein, Matthias Scheutz, and Nalini Ambady. 2011. “Looking the part: Social status cues shape racial perception.” PLoS ONE, 6, e25107.
Petersen, Trond, Andrew M. Penner, and Geir Høgsnes. 2011. “The male marital wage premium: Sorting versus differential pay.” Industrial and Labor Relations Review 54: 283-304.
Noymer, Andrew, Andrew M. Penner, and Aliya Saperstein. 2011. “Cause of death affects racial classification on death certificates.” PLoS ONE, 6, e15812.
Penner, Andrew M. and Robb Willer. 2011. “Stigma and glucose levels: Testing ego depletion and arousal explanations of stereotype threat effects.” Current Research in Social Psychology 16(3): 1-15.
Petersen, Trond, Andrew M. Penner, and Geir Høgsnes. 2010. “The within-job motherhood wage penalty in Norway, 1979-1996.” Journal of Marriage and Family 72: 1274-1288.
Saperstein, Aliya and Andrew M. Penner. 2010. “The race of a criminal record: How incarceration colors racial perception.” Social Problems 57: 92-113.
Krížková, Alena, Andrew M. Penner, and Trond Petersen. 2010. “The legacy of equality and the weakness of law: Within-job gender wage inequality in the Czech Republic.” European Sociological Review 26: 83-95.
Høgsnes, Geir, Andrew M. Penner, and Trond Petersen. 2009. “Betydning av ekteskap og barn for kvinners lønn: Sortering på stillinger versus ulik lønn for likt arbeid.” [The importance of marriage and children for women’s wages: Sorting on jobs versus different pay for the same work. In Norwegian.] Sosiologisk Tidsskrift 17: 353-379.
Penner, Andrew M. 2008. “Gender differences in extreme mathematical achievement: An international perspective on biological and social factors.” American Journal of Sociology 114: S138-S170.
Penner, Andrew M. and Aliya Saperstein. 2008. “How social status shapes race.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105: 19628-19630.
Penner, Andrew M. 2008. “Race and gender differences in wages: The role of occupational sorting at the point of hire.” The Sociological Quarterly 49: 597-614.
Penner, Andrew M. and Marcel Paret. 2008. “Gender differences in mathematics achievement: Exploring the early grades and the extremes.” Social Science Research 37: 239-253.
Krížková, Alena, Andrew M. Penner and Trond Petersen. 2008. “Genderové nerovnosti v odmenování na stejné pracovní pozici: Jeden z faktoru sociálního vyloucení žen.” [Within-job gender wage inequality: The role of the social exclusion of women. In Czech.] Gender, rovné príležitosti, výzkum 8: 55-67.
Høgsnes, Geir, Andrew M. Penner, and Trond Petersen. 2008. “Menns lønnspremie fra ekteskap: Sortering eller påvirkning versus ulik belønning.” [The male marital wage premium: Selection or treatment, versus discrimination. In Norwegian.] Sosiologisk Tidsskrift 16: 211-236.
Høgsnes, Geir, Andrew M. Penner, and Trond Petersen. 2006. “Betydningen av familie og barn for kvinner og menns lønn.” [The importance of families and children for women and men’s wages. In Norwegian.] Søkelys på Arbeidsmarkedet 23: 31-38.
Penner, Andrew M. 2003. “International gender-by-item-difficulty interactions in mathematics and science achievement tests.” Journal of Educational Psychology 95: 650-655.
American Sociological Association
Irvine Network on Interventions in Development
Center for Research on Immigration, Population, and Public Policy
Center for Demographic and Social Analysis
Center for Organizational Research
University of California Educational Evaluation Center
University of California Center for New Racial Studies
Center for Administrative Data Analysis