visual texture perception, camouflage, mathematical modeling of sensory processes, visual-motor interactions, auditory perception of tonality.
My research is focused on understanding the processes by which the visible world is constructed by the brain. I am especially interested in cataloguing the dimensions of preattentive visual sensitivity--that is, I would like to functionally characterize those processes that spontaneously discriminate between qualitatively different regions of the visual field. I use texture segmentation experiments to study these questions. I also collaborate with Roger Hanlon (Marine Biological Laboratories, Woods Hole, MA) studying camouflage and in particular the camouflage patterning responses of cuttlefish.
Allen, J., Mäthger,L.M., Barbosa, A., Buresch, K.C., Sogin, E., Schwartz, J., Chubb, C., Hanlon, R.T., Cuttlefish dynamic camouflage: responses to substrate choice and integration of multiple visual cues. Proc. Royal Soc. B, In press.
Chiao, C.C., Chubb, C., Buresch, K., Allen, J., Barbosa, A., Mäthger,L.M., Hanlon, R.T. Mottle camouflage patterns in cuttlefish: quantitative characterization and visual stimuli that evoke them. Journal of Experimental Biology, 213, 187-199. 2010.
Chubb, C. Texture Perception. Article in Encyclopedia of Perception, Ed. E. Bruce Goldstein, Sage, 2009.
Nam, J-H, Solomon, J.A., Morgan, J.M., Wright, C.E. & Chubb, C. Coherent plaids are preattentively more than the sum of their parts. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, In Press.
Chiao, C-C., Chubb, C., Buresch, K., Siemann, L., Hanlon, R. The scaling effects of substrate texture on camouflage patterning in cuttlefish, Vision Research, 49, 1647-1656, 2009.
Hanlon RT, Chiao CC, Mathger LM, Barbosa A, Buresch KC and Chubb, C. Cephalopod dynamic camouflage: bridging the continuum between background matching and disruptive coloration. Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society B. 364: 429-437, 2009.
Rubin, T.N., Lee, M.D., & Chubb, C.F. Hierarchical Bayesian modeling of individual differences in texture discrimination. In V. Sloutsky, B. Love, & K. McRae (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, pp. 1404-1409 Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. 2008
Alexandra Barbosa, Lydia M Mäthger, Kendra C Buresch, Jennifer Kelly, Charles Chubb, Chuan-Chin Chiao and Roger T Hanlon, Cuttlefish camouflage: the effects of substrate contrast and size in evoking uniform, mottle or disruptive body patterns, Vision Research, 48, 1242-1253, 2008.
Grant A, Donnelly K, Chubb C, Barr B, Kuzniecky R, Devinsky O. Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Does Not Impair Visual Perception. Epilepsia. 49(4), 710-713, 2008
Morgan, M.J., Chubb, C., & Solomon, J. A 'dipper' function for texture discrimination based on orientation variance. Journal of Vision. 8(11):9, 1-8, http://journalofvision.org/8/11/9/, doi:10.1167/8.11.9. 2008
Chiao, C-C, C. Chubb, R.T.Hanlon. Interactive effects of size, contrast, intensity and configuration of background objects in evoking disruptive camouflage in cuttlefish, Vision Research, 47, 2223-2235, 2007.
Chubb, C, Nam, J-H, Bindman, D.R., Sperling, G. The Three Dimensions of Human Visual Sensitivity to First-order Contrast Statistics, Vision Research, 47, 2237-2248, 2007.
Barbosa, A., L.M. Mathger, C. Chubb, C, Florio, C-C. Chiao, R.T. Hanlon. Disruptive coloration in cuttlefish: a visual perception mechanism that regulates ontogenetic adjustment of skin patterning. Journal of Experimental Biology, 210, 1139-1147, 2007.
Wright, C.E., V. Marino, S. Belovsky, C. Chubb, Visually-Guided, Aimed Movements can be Unaffected by Stimulus-Response Uncertainty. Experimental Brain Research. 179 (3), 475-496, 2007.
Morgan, M., C. Chubb, J.A. Solomon, “Predicting the motion after-effect from sensitivity loss,” Vision Research, 46, 2412-2420, 2006.
Chubb, C, Y. Inagaki, P. Sheu, B. Cummings, A. Wasserman, E. Head, C. Cotman, “BioVision: an application for the automated image analysis of histological sections.” Neurobiology of Aging, 27 (10), 1462-1476, 2006.
Solomon, J.A., C. Chubb, A. John, M. J. Morgan, “Stimulus contrast and the Reichardt detector,” Vision Research, 45, 311 – 328, 2005.
Morgan, M.J., C. Chubb, J. Solomon, “Probability multiplication as a new principle in psychophysics.” Chapter in Seeing Spatial Form, Eds. M.R. Jenkin & L.R. Harris, Oxford University Press, 2005.
Victor, J. D., C. Chubb, M. M. Conte, “Interaction of luminance and higher order statistics in texture discrimination,” Vision Research, 45 (3), 311-328, 2005.
Chubb, C., M. S. Landy, J. Econopouly, “A visual mechanism tuned to black,” Vision Research, 44 (27), 3223-3232, 2004.
Chubb, C., Y. Inagaki, C. Cotman, B. Cummings, P. C.-Y. Sheu, “Semantic biological image management and analysis, International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools, 13 (4), 881 – 896, 2004.
Bindman, D., and C. Chubb, “Brightness assimilation in bullseye displays.” Vision Research, 44 (3), 309-319, 2004.
Bindman, D., and C. Chubb, “Mechanisms of contrast induction in heterogeneous displays.” Vision Research, 44 (13), 1601-1613, 2004.
Nguyen, A., Chubb, C. and Huff, F.J., “Visual identification and spatial localization in Alzheimer’s disease.” Brain and Cognition, 55 (2), 155-166, 2003.
Chubb, C. & Yellott, J. I. "Dipole statistics of discrete finite images: two visually motivated representation theorems." J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 19 (5), 825 - 832, 2002.
Chubb, C. & Talevich, J. "Attentional control of texture orientation judgments." Vision Research 42 311 - 330, 2002.
Zhao, L. & Chubb, C., The size-tuning of the face-distortion aftereffect, Vision Research, 41 2979 - 2994, 2001.
Chubb, C. & J-H. Nam, "The variance of high contrast texture is sensed using negative half-wave rectification." Vision Res., 40, 1695-1709, 2000.
Su, J.H., Nichol, K.E., Sitch, T., Sheu, P., Chubb, C., Miller, B.L, Tomaselli, K.J., Kim, R.C., Cotman, C.W., "DNA Damage and Activated Casepase-3 Expression in Neurons and Astrocytes: Evidence for Apoptosis in Frontotemporal Dementia." Experimental Neurology, 163, 9 - 19, 2000.
Nam, J-H. & C. Chubb, "Texture luminance judgments are approximately veridical." Vision Res., 40, 1677-1694, 2000.
Chubb, C. & Yellott, J.I., "Every discrete, finite image is uniquely determined by its dipole histogram." Vision Res., 40, 485-492, 2000.
Sheu, P.C.Y., Cummings, B.J., Cotman, C.W., Chubb, C., Hu, L., Johnson, J., Mobley, S., Sitch, T. & Inagaki, Y., "An object-relational approach to biomedical databases." International IEEE Symposium on Bio-Informatics and Biomedical Engineering (BIBE-2000), Washington, D.C., Nov. 8-10, 2000.
Cummings, B.J., Mobley, S., Chubb, C., Cotman, C.W., Mason, A.J.L., & Sheu, P.C.Y., "A web-based, clinical-neuropathological-imaging relational database to simplify data management in Alzheimer's research." Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association, Federal Database Colloquium, 101-104, September, 2000.
Morgan, M.J. & Chubb, C., "Contrast facilitation in motion detection: evidence for a Reichardt detector in human vision," Vision Res., 39(25), 4217-4231, 1999.
Chubb, C, "Texture-based methods for analyzing elementary visual substances." J. Math. Psych. 43, 539-567, 1999.
McGowan, J.W., Kowler, E., Sharma, A. & Chubb, C. "Saccadic localization of random dot targets." Vision Res., 38, 895 - 909, 1998.
Chubb, C., Lu, Z-L., & Sperling, G. "Structure Detection: A statistically certified unsupervised learning procedure." Vision Res., 37, 3343 - 3366, 1997.
Papathomas, T.V., A. Gorea, and C. Chubb. "Precise Assessment of the mean effective luminance of texture patches\-\-an approach based on reverse-phi motion." Vision Res., 36, 3775 - 3784, 1996.
Sutter, A., G. Sperling, and C. Chubb. "Measuring the spatial frequency selectivity of second order texture mechanisms." Vision Res., 35(7) 915-924, 1995.
Werkhoven, P., G. Sperling & C. Chubb, "Perception of apparent motion between dissimilar gratings: spatiotemporal properties." Vision Res., 34(20), 2741-2759, 1994.
Weitzenfeld, J., T. Riedl, C. Chubb & J. Freeman, "The use of cross-domain language by expert software developers," Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, 7(3 & 4), 185-195, 1992.
Chubb, C. & G. Sperling, "Texture quilts: basic tools for studying motion from texture," Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 35(4), 411-442, 1991.
Chubb, C. & M.S. Landy, "Orthogonal Distribution Analysis: A new approach to the study of texture perception," chapter in Computational Models of Visual Processes, M.S. Landy & J.A. Movshon, eds., 291-301, MIT Press, 1991.
Chubb, C., G. Sperling & J. Solomon, "Texture interactions determine perceived contrast," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 86, 9631-9635, Dec., 1989.
Chubb, C. & G. Sperling, "Two motion perception mechanisms revealed through distance-driven reversal of apparent motion," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 86, 2985-2989, 1989.
Chubb, C. & G. Sperling, "Second-order motion perception: Space/time separable mechanisms," Proceedings of the IEEE Workshop on Visual Motion, Irvine, CA, March, 1989, 126-138.
Chubb, C. & G. Sperling, "Drift-balanced random stimuli: A general basis for studying non-Fourier motion perception," Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 5(11), 1986-2007, 1988.
Chubb, C., "Collapsing binary data for algebraic multidimensional representation," Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 30(2), 161-187, 1986.
“Reflective light modulation by cephalopods in shallow nearshore habitats,” ONR N000140610202, PI: R. Hanlon, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA. , CoPI: C. Chubb, Jan 1. 2009 – Dec. 31, 2012. Total funding: $1,212,209
“Preattentive Visual Sensitivity,” NSF BCS-0843897, PI C. Chubb, CoPI, G. Sperling, 9/15/09 – 8/31/12. Total funding: $419,781
Vision Science Society
Institute for Mathematical Behavioral Sciences