Greek and Roman Art, Architecture and Archaeology; Cultural Heritage and Cultural Property
Rome Prize, American Academy in Rome; Mellon Fellow, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
Agora Excavations, Athens; Resident, American Academy in Rome; Andrew W. Mellon Professor of Classical Studies, American School of Classical Studies at Athens (2008-2014)
As an archaeologist, I am interested in how religion and ritual shaped architecture in ancient Greece and Italy. I have excavated in Athens and Corinth, and I've done field work on Greek temples in Rhamnous and Sounion in Greece, and in Selinous and Agrigento in Sicily; currently I am studying an early 5th c. BCE temple at Contrada Mango (Segesta) in western Sicily. In my first project, I measured and drew all the remaining parts and foundations of the Temple of Nemesis at Rhamnous and reconstructed it (in drawings). Subsequently I published the American excavations of the sanctuary of Demeter and Persephone near the Agora of Athens that was ritually linked to the Eleusinian Mysteries. I am now writing a book on Greek temples and religion during the 5th century BCE, a formative period for western culture! For another book, I am investigating more specifically temples and religion in Sicily and Southern Italy, in which I show how the cosmic views of Presocratic philosophers (especially Pythagoras and Empedocles) helped to shape the design of western Greek temples.
I am also interested in the issues of cultural property, ethics of collecting and the fate of art in wartime: in addition to my book on the origins of the modern concept of "cultural property" in the Verrines of Cicero (2008), I’ve written several articles exploring the topic further.
(Editor) A COMPANION TO GREEK ARCHITECTURE. Wiley-Blackwell, 2016.
(Editor) AUTOPSY IN ATHENS: RECENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN ATHENS AND ATTICA. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2015.
(Editor) CLEOPATRA: A SPHINX REVISITED. University of California Press, 2011.
ART AS PLUNDER: THE ANCIENT ORIGINS OF DEBATE ABOUT CULTURAL PROPERTY. Cambridge University Press, 2008. Paperback edition, 2010.
THE ATHENIAN AGORA, RESULTS OF EXCAVATIONS CONDUCTED BY THE AMERICAN SCHOOL OF CLASSICAL STUDIES, XXXI: THE CITY ELEUSINION. Princeton, 1998.
“War and Passion: Who Keeps the Art?” (essay), CASE WESTERN RESERVE JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, 40, 2017: 5-21.
“Constructing Architects: the So-called ‘Thesion Architect’,” in K. Seaman and P. Schultz, eds., GREEK ARTISTS AND ARTISTRY. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017: 101-123.
“The Archaic Temple of Poseidon at Sounion,” with Jessica Paga, HESPERIA 85, 2016: 657-710.
“The Interiors of Greek Temples,” in M. M. Miles, ed., BLACKWELL'S COMPANION TO GREEK ARCHITECTURE, Boston, Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 2016: 206-222.
“Roman Architecture for Greek Eleusis: The Second Sophistic in Marble,” ACTAS DEL XVIII CONGRESSO INTERNACIONAL DE ARQUELOGIA CLÁSICA. Merida, 2015: 9-11.
"Birds around the Temple: Creating a Sacred Environment," in J. McInerney and I. Sluiter, eds., VALUING LANDSCAPE IN CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY. Natural Environment and Cultural Imagination. Leiden, 2016: 151-195.
"The Vanishing Double Stoa at Thorikos," in M.M. Miles, ed., AUTOPSY IN ATHENS. RECENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN ATHENS AND ATTICA. Oxford, Oxbow Books, 2015: 163-180.
"Collecting the Past, Creating the Future: Art Displays in the Hellenistic Mediterranean," in M. Wellington Gahtan and D. Pegazzano, eds., MUSEUM ARCHETYPES AND COLLECTING IN THE ANCIENT WORLD. Leiden, 2015: 33-44.
"Greek and Roman Art and the Debate about Cultural Property." In C. Marconi, ed., THE OXFORD HANDBOOK OF GREEK AND ROMAN ART AND ARCHITECTURE. Oxford, 2015: 499-515.
“Burnt Temples in the Landscape of the Past,” in C. Pieper and J. Ker, eds., VALUING THE PAST IN THE GRECO-ROMAN PAST. Leiden: Brill, 2014: 111-145.
“Classical Greek Architecture in Sicily,” in C. Lyons and C. Marconi, eds., CLASSICAL SICILY: BETWEEN GREECE AND ROME. Los Angeles: Getty Press, 2013: 146-158.
“Archaeology and Acquisition: The Experience of Republican Rome,” in Jane D. Evans, ed., A COMPANION TO THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell, 2013: 598-610.
“Entering Demeter’s Gateway,” in Bonna D. Wescoat and Robert G. Ousterhout, eds., ARCHITECTURE OF THE SACRED. SPACE, RITUAL AND EXPERIENCE FROM CLASSICAL GREECE TO BYZANTIUM. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012: 114-151.
“The Lapis Primus and the Older Parthenon.” HESPERIA 80, 2011: 657-675.
“Still in the Aftermath of Waterloo: A Brief History of Decisions about Restitution,” in Peter G. Stone, ed., CULTURAL HERITAGE, ETHICS AND THE MILITARY. Newcastle: International Centre for Culture and Heritage, Newcastle University, The Boydell Press, 2011: 29-42.
"Cicero's Prosecution of Gaius Verres: A Roman View of the Ethics of Acquisition of Art." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CULTURAL PROPERTY 2, 2002: 28-49.
"Interior Staircases in Western Greek Temples." MEMOIRS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY IN ROME 43/44,1998/1999: 1-26.
"The Propylon to the Sanctuary of Demeter Malophoros at Selinous." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY 102, 1998: 35-57.
"A Reconstruction of the Temple of Nemesis at Rhamnous." HESPERIA 58, 1989: 131-249.
"The Date of the Temple on the Ilissos River." HESPERIA 49, 1980: 309-325.
APS, ACLS, NEH, LCLF
Archaeological Institute of America
American Philological Association/Society for Classical Studies
Society of Architectural Historians
Society of Fellows, American Academy in Rome