Nathan D. Wong PhD,MPH

picture of Nathan D. Wong

Professor, Medicine
School of Medicine

Director, UCI Heart Disease Prevention Program (Preventive Cardiology)
School of Medicine

Professor, Department of Epidemiology
Public Health


PH.D., Yale University, 1987
M.P.H., Yale University, 1985

Phone: (949) 824-5561
Email: ndwong@uci.edu

University of California, Irvine
Heart Disease Prevention Program
Division of Cardiology, C240 Medical Sciences 1
University of California
Mail Code: 4079
Irvine, CA 92697
Research Interests
Epidemiology, prevention, coronary calcium, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases
URLs
Academic Distinctions
Academician, Academy of Arts and Sciences, Republic of Sprska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2013
Full Professor, European Center for Peace and Development (formed by the United Nations), 2017
Research Abstract
General Research Interests:

My research has focused on three major areas in cardiovascular epidemiology and prevention:

1) Epidemiology and prognosis of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, including cardiovascular risk factor control in diabetes

2) coronary evaluated by computed tomography and other subclinical measures of atherosclerosis and their epidemiology (including relation to diabetes and metabolic syndrome) and prognosis

3) Evaluation and predictors of residual cardiovascular disease risk, including dyslipidemia, hypertension, and cardiac biomarkers in population-based studies and registries
Awards and Honors
Who’s Who in America, 2006-
Who’s Who in the World, 2007-
Research Mentor Award, Division of Cardiology, UC Irvine, 2008
Jan Kellerman Memorial Award for Achievement in Preventive Cardiology, 2011
Distinguished Fellowship Award of the International Academy of Cardiology, 2013
Honorary Member, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 2014
Albert Nelson Marquis Lifetime Achievement Award, 2020
Short Biography
Nathan D. Wong, PhD, MPH, FACC, FAHA, FNLA, FASPC

Dr. Nathan Wong is a cardiovascular epidemiologist, specialist in preventive cardiology, and Professor and Director, Heart Disease Prevention Program, Division of Cardiology at the University of California, Irvine in California, with joint appointments in Epidemiology and UCLA and UC Irvine. He holds MPH and PhD degrees in epidemiology from Yale University and is a fellow of the American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, National Lipid Association, and American Society for Preventive Cardiology He is a past president of the American Society for Preventive Cardiology and Pacific Lipid Association (Chapter of the National Lipid Association), and president-elect of the Interamerican Heart Foundation. In addition, he recently served as chair of the Diabetes Collaborative Registry Research and Publications Committee and is editor of the ACC Diabetes and Cardiometabolic Clinical Topic Collection. Dr. Wong is also an honorary member of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Academician of the Republic of Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina) Academy of Sciences and Arts and Full Professor of the European Center for Peace and Development. He is also a recipient of the Jan Kellerman Memorial Award for Achievement in Preventive Cardiology and Distinguished Fellowship Award of the International Academy of Cardiology, and is listed in Who’s Who in America and Who’s Who in the World. He is a recent recipient of the Albert Nelson Marquis Lifetime Achievement Award.

Dr. Wong has primary research interests in the epidemiology of subclinical atherosclerosis, including vascular calcification, as well as lipid and diabetes management, and has authored over 350 papers and co-edited seven textbooks, including the Braunwald Companion on Preventive Cardiology and two editions of the ASPC Manual on Preventive Cardiology. He is also on the editorial board of several cardiology and diabetes-related journals. Dr. Wong lectures locally, nationally and internationally on various topics in preventive cardiology.
Publications
Peer-Reviewed (>350 total):

1. Beckett WS, Wong ND. Effect of normobaric hyperoxia on the airways of normal subjects. J Appl Physiol 1988; 64: 1683-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3288610/

2. Beckett WS, McDonnell WF, Wong ND. Tolerance to methacholine inhalation challenge in non-asthmatic subjects. Am Rev Resp Dis 1988; 1499-1501. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3059863/

3. Wong ND, Cupples LA, Ostfeld AM, Levy D, Kannel WB. Risk factors for long-term coronary prognosis following initial myocardial infarction: the Framingham Study. Am J Epidemiol 1989; 130: 469-80. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2763992/

4. Wong ND, Reading AR. Personality correlates of the Type A behavior pattern. Pers Indiv Diff 1989; 10: 991-6. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0191886989900640?via%3Dihub

5. Wong ND, Levy D, Kannel WB. Prognostic significance of the electrocardiogram following Q-wave myocardial infarction. Circulation 1990; 81: 780-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2306830/

6. Wong ND, Ming S, Zhou HY, Black HR. A comparison of Chinese and Western medical approaches for the treatment of mild hypertension. Yale J Biol Med 1991; 64: 79-87. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1897264/

7. Davidson DM, Van Camp J, Bates RD, Bradley BH, Grannis L, Iftener CA, Kelly KA, Landry SM, Wong ND. Family history fails to predict the majority of children with high capillary blood total cholesterol. J School Health 1991; 61(2): 75-80. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2016863/

8. Wong ND. La riduzione del cholesterolo: sfruttare al massimo i benefici. Aggiornamenti in Cardiologia (Italian), December 1991, 24-5.

9. Wong ND, Wilson PWF, Kannel WB. Serum cholesterol as a risk factor post-myocardial infarction: The Framingham Study. Ann Intern Med 1991; 115: 687-93. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1929036/

10. Wong ND, Bassin S, Deitrick R. Relationship of blood lipids to body composition and family medical history in an ethnically diverse school-age population. Ethnicity and Disease 1991; 1(4): 351-63. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1842549/

11. Gardin JM, Wong N, Bommer W, Klopfenstein S, Smith VE, Tabatznik B, Siscovick D, Lobodzinski S, Anton-Culver H, Manolio TA. Echocardiographic design of a multi-center investigation of free-living elderly subjects: the Cardiovascular Health Study. J Am Soc Echo 1992; 5: 63-72. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1739473/

12. Wong ND, Hei TK, Qaqundah PY, Davidson DM, Bassin SL, Gold KV. Television viewing as a marker for pediatric hypercholesterolemia. Pediatrics 1992; 90(1): 75-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1614784/

13. Ettinger WH, Wahl P, Manolio T, Tracy R, Kuller L, Borhani N, Bush T, Wong N, O’Leary. Lipoprotein lipids in older people: results from the Cardiovascular Health Study. Circulation 1992; 86: 858-69. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1516198/

14. Goel M, Wong ND, Eisenberg H, Hagar J, Kelly K, Tobis JM. Risk factor correlates of coronary calcification as evaluated by ultrafast computed tomography. Am J Cardiol 1992; 70: 977-80. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1414915/

15. Brundage BH, Detrano RC, Wong ND. Ultrafast computed tomography: imaging of coronary calcium in atherosclerosis. Am J Cardiac Imaging 1992; 6(4): 340-5.

16. Cupples LA, Gagnon DR, Wong N, Ostfeld A, Kannel WB. Pre-existing cardiovascular conditions and long-term prognosis following initial myocardial infarction: the Framingham Study. Am Heart J 1993; 125: 863-72. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8438716/

17. Bild DE, Fitzpatrick A, Fried LP, Wong N, Haan MN, Lyles M, Bovill E, Polak JF, Schulz R. Age-related trends in cardiovascular morbidity and physical functioning in the elderly: the Cardiovascular Health Study. J Am Geriat Soc 1993; 41: 1047-56. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8409149/

18. Morris GS, Vo A, Bassin SL, Wong ND. Distribution and correlates of tobacco use in a Hispanic youth population. J School Health 1993; 63(9): 391-6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8107456/

19. Wong ND, Kowabunpat D, Vo A, Detrano R, Eisenberg H, Goel M, Tobis JM. Coronary calcium in asymptomatic men and women: relation to age and risk factors. Am Heart J 1994; 127: 422-30. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8296711/

20. Wong ND, Vo A, Abrahamson D, Tobis JM, Eisenberg H, Detrano RC. Detection of coronary artery calcium evaluation by ultrafast computed tomography: relation to clinical evidence of coronary artery disease. Am J Cardiol 1994; 73: 223-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8296750/

21. Tell GS, Bild D, Borhani N, Kronmal R, Polak JF, Rutan G, Wong N. Correlates of seated blood pressure in community-dwelling older adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Hypertension 1994; 23: 59-67. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8282331/

22. Wong ND, Kashyap ML. Dyslipidemia in the elderly: prevalence and implications for clinical management in the prevention of coronary artery disease (invited review). Cardiology in the Elderly 1994; 2: 348-54.

23. Olson CL, Chan E, Turner DS, Iravani M, Nagy M, Selam JL, Wong ND, Waxman K, Charles MA. Insulin antibody responses after long-term intraperitoneal insulin administration via implantable programmable insulin delivery systems. Diabetes Care 1994; 17(3): 169-76. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8174443/

24. Selam JL, Kashyap ML, Gupta AK, Turner D, Wong ND, Lozano JL, Charles MA. Alterations in reverse cholesterol transport associated with programmable implantable intraperitoneal insulin delivery. Metabolism 1994; 43(6): 665-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8201953/

25. Detrano RC, Wong ND, French WJ, Tang W, Georgiou D, Young E, Brezden OS, Doherty T, Brundage BH. Prevalence of fluoroscopic coronary calcific deposits in 1,461 high-risk asymptomatic subjects. Am Heart J 1994; 127(6): 1526-32. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8197979/

26. Detrano RC, Wong ND, Tang W, French WH, Georgiou D, Young E, Brezden OS, Narahara KA, Brundage BH. Prognostic significance of cardiac cinefluoroscopy for coronary calcific deposits in asymptomatic high risk subjects. J Am Coll Cardiol 1994; 24(2): 354-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8034867/

27. Gardin JM, Wong N, Half SL, Paynter J, Bellows S, Knoll M, Jamison B, Patterson M, Kloner RA. Acute cocaine administration induces ventricular regional wall motion and ultrastructural abnormalities in an anesthetized rabbit model. Am Heart J 1994; 128: 1117-29. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7985592/

28. Wong ND, Gardin JM, Kurosaki T, Anton-Culver H, Roseman J, Giddin S. Echocardiographic left ventricular systolic function: distribution and factors affecting variability: the CARDIA Study. Am Heart J 1995; 129: 571-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7872189/

29. Tang W, Detrano RC, Brezden OS, Georgio D, French WJ, Wong ND, Doherty TM, Brndage BH. Racial differences in coronary calcium prevalence among high-risk adults. Am J Cardiol 1995; 75(16): 1088-91. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7762490/

30. Wong ND, Detrano R, Abrahamson D, Tobis JM, Gardin JM. Coronary artery screening by electron beam tomography: the facts, the controversy, and the future. Circulation 1995; 92: 632-36. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7634478/

31. Gardin JM, Wagenknecht LE, Anton-Culver H, Flack J, Gidding S, Kurosaki T, Wong ND, Manolio TA. Relationship of cardiovascular risk factors to echocardiographic left ventricular mass in healthy young black and white adult men and women: the CARDIA study. Circulation 1995; 92(3): 380-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7634452/

32. Wong ND, Teng W, Abrahamson D, Willner R, Henein N, Franklin SS, Kashyap ML, Rosenzweig B, Kukes G, Detrano RC. Noninvasive tracking of coronary atherosclerosis by electron beam computed tomography: rationale and design of the felodipine atherosclerosis prevention study (FAPS) Am J Cardiol 1995; 76: 1239-42. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7503003/

33. Xie X, Gidding SS, Gardin JM, Bild DE, Wong ND, Liu K. Left ventricular diastolic function in young adults: the CARDIA study. J Am Soc Echo 1995; 8: 771-3 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8611277/

34. Teng W, Wong ND, Abrahamson D, Gardin JM. Relation of electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) screening for coronary calcium to cardiovascular risk and disease: a review. Coronary Artery Disease 1996; 7: 383-9 . https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8866205/

35. Wang S, Detrano RC, Tang W, Doherty T, Puentes G, Wong N, Brundage BH. Detection of coronary calcium with electron beam computed tomography: evaluation of inter-examination reproducibility and comparison of three image acquisition protocols. Am Heart J 1996; 132: 550-558. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8800024/

36. Wong ND, Detrano RC, Diamond G, Rezayat C, Mahmoudi R, Chong C, Tang W, Puentes G, Kang X, Abrahamson D. Does coronary artery screening by electron beam computed tomography motivate healthy lifestyle behaviors? Am J Cardiol 1996; 78: 1220-3. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8960578/

37. Wong ND, Gardin JM, Noninvasive assessment of and newer therapies for influencing atherosclerosis progression and regression. Antiatherosclerotic Agents: Investigational Drugs Research Alert 1997; 2(4): 141-8.

38. Gardin JM, Arnold A, Gottdiener JS, Wong ND, Fried LP, Klopfenstein HS, O’Leary DH, Tracy R, Kronmal R. Left ventricular mass in the elderly: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Hypertension 1997; 29(5): 1095-1103. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9149672/

39. Franklin SS, Gustin W, Wong ND, Larson MG, Weber MA, Kannel WB, Levy D. Hemodynamic patterns of age-related change in blood pressure: the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation 1997; 96: 308-15. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9236450/

40. Detrano RC, Wong ND, Doherty TM, Shavelle R. Prognostic significance of coronary calcific deposits in asymptomatic high-risk subjects. Am J Med 1997; 102: 344-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9217615/

41. Secci A, Wong N, Tang W, Wang S, Doherty T, Detrano R. Prognostic significance of cardiac cinefluoroscopy for coronary calcific deposits in asymptomatic high-risk subjects: three year follow-up. Circulation 1997; 96: 1122-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9286939/

42. Kasaoka S; Tobis JM; Akiyama T; Reimers B; Di Mario C; Wong ND; Colombo A. Angiographic and intravascular ultrasound predictors of in-stent restenosis. J Am Coll Cardiol 1998; 32(6):1630-5. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9822089/

43. Doherty TM, Wong ND, Shavelle RM, Teng W, Detrano RC. Coronary heart disease deaths and infarctions in people with little or no coronary calcium. Lancet 1999; 353: 41-42. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10023958/

44. Hosobuchi C, Rutanassee L, Bassin SL, Wong ND. Efficacy of acacia, pectin, and guar gum-based fiber nutrient supplementation in the control of hypercholesterolemia. Nutrition Research 1999; 19: 643-649. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0271531799000299

45. Detrano RC, Wong ND, Doherty TM, Shavelle RM, Tang W, Doherty TM, Ginzton LE, Budoff MJ, Narahara KA. Coronary calcium does not accurately predict near-term future coronary events in high-risk adults. Circulation 1999; 99: 2633-2638. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10338455/

46. Franklin SS, Khan SA, Wong ND, Larson MG, Levy D. Is pulse pressure useful in predicting risk for coronary heart disease? The Framingham Heart Study. Circulation 1999; 100: 354-360. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10421594/

47. Yang T, Doherty TM, Wong ND, Detrano RC. Alcohol consumption, coronary calcium, and coronary heart disease events. Am J Cardiol 1999; 84: 802-6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10513777/

48. Golomb BA, Criqui MH, Detrano RC, Wong ND, Bundens WP, Mattrey RF, Denenberg JO. Noninvasive testing to detect subclinical cardiovascular disease: what is its role? Prev Cardiol 1999; 2 (suppl): 42-50.

49. Wong ND, Hsu JC, Detrano RC, Diamond G, Eisenberg H, Gardin JM. Coronary artery calcium evaluation by electron beam computed tomography: relation to new cardiovascular events. Am J Cardiol 2000; 86: 495-98. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11009264/

50. Sikand G, Kashyap ML, Wong ND, Hsu JC. Dietitian intervention improves lipid values and saves medication costs in men with combined hyperlipidemia and a history of niacin noncompliance. J Am Dietetic Assoc 2000; 100: 218-224. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10670395/

51. Wassertheil-Smoller S, Anderson G, Psaty BM, Black HR, Manson J, Wong N, et al. Hypertension and its Treatment in Post-Menopausal Women: Baseline Data from the Women’s Health Initiative. Hypertension 2000; 36: 780-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11082143/

52. Franklin SS, Jacobs MJ, Wong ND, L’Italien G, Lapuerta P. Predominance of isolated systolic hypertension among middle-aged and elderly US Hypertensives – Analysis based on NHANES III. Hypertension 2001; 37: 869-74. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11244010/

53. Franklin SS, Larson MG, Khan SA, Wong ND, Leip EP, Kannel WB, Levy D. Does the relation of blood presure to coronary heart disease risk change with aging? The Framingham Heart Study. Circulation 2001; 103: 1245-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11238268/

54. Gardin JM, McClelland R, Kitzman D, Lima JAC, Bommer W, Klopfenstein S, Wong ND, Smith VE, Gottdiener J. M-mode echocardiographic predictors of six-to seven-year incidence of coronary heart disease, stroke, congestive heart failure, and mortality in an elderly cohort (The Cardiovascular Health Study). Am J Cardiol 2001; 87(9):1051-7 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11348601/

55. Wong ND, Pio J, Valencia R, Thakral G. Distribution of C-Reactive Protein and its Relation to Risk Factors and Coronary Heart Disease Risk Estimation in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III. Prev Cardio 2001; 4: 109-115. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11828186/

56. Wong ND, Budoff MJ, Pio J, Detrano RC. Coronary calcium and cardiovascular event risk: evaluation by age- and gender-specific quartiles. Am Heart J 2002; 142: 456-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11868051/

57. Wong ND. Surrogate measures of atherosclerosis and implications for evaluating cardiovascular risk. Diabetes, Obesity, and Metabolism 2003; 5: 73-80.

58. Wong ND, Thakral G, Franklin SS, L’Italien GJ, Jacobs MJ, Whyte JL, Lapuerta P. Preventing heart disease by controlling hypertension: impact of hypertensive subtype, stage, age, and sex. Am Heart J 2003 May;145(5):888-895 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12766749/

59. Wong ND, Sciammarella MG, Polk D, Gallagher A, Miranda-Peats R, Whitcomb B, Hachamovich R, Friedman J, Hayes S, Berman DS. The metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and subclinical atherosclerosis assessed by coronary calcium. J Am Coll Cardiol 2003; 41: 1547-53 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12742296/

60. Qu W, Le TT, Azen SP, Xiang M, Wong ND, Doherty TM, Detrano RC. Value of coronary artery calcium scanning for predicting coronary heart disease in diabetic subjects. Diabetes Care 2003; 26: 905-910. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12610057/

61. Wilson PWF, Smith SC, Blumenthal RS, Burke GL, Wong ND. Task Force #4 – How do we select patients for atherosclerosis imaging? In: 34th Bethesda Conference: can atherosclerosis imaging techniques improve the detection of patients at risk for ischemic heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 2003; 41: 1898-1906.

62. Wong ND, Pio J, Franklin SS, L’Italien GJ, Kamath T, Williams R. Preventing coronary events by optimal control of blood pressure and lipids in patients with the metabolic syndrome. Am J Cardiol 2003; 91: 1421-26. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12804727/

63. Manson, JE, Hsia J, Johnson KC, Rossouw JE, Assaf AR, Lasser NL, Trevisan M, Black HR, Heckbert, SR, Detrano R, Strickland OL, Wong ND, Crouse JR, Stein E, Cushman M for the Women's Health Initiative Investigators. Estrogen Plus Progestin and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: Final Results From the Women's Health Initiative. New Engl J Med 2003; 349: 523-534. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12904517/

64. Wong ND, Sciammarella M, Arad Y, Miranda-Peats R, Polk D, Hachamovich R, Friedman J, Hayes S, Daniell A, Berman DS. Relation of Thoracic Aortic and Aortic Valve Calcium to Coronary Artery Calcium and Risk Assessment. Am J Cardiol 2003; 92: 951-55. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/14556872/

65. Papademetriou V, Piller LB, Ford CE, Gordon D, Hartney TJ, Geraci TS, Reisin E, Sumner BM, Wong ND, Nwachuku C, Narayan P, Haywood J, Habib G for the ALLHAT Collaborative Group. Characteristics and lipid distribution of a large, high-risk hypertensive population: the lipid-lowering component of the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT). Journal of Clinical Hypertension 2003; 5: 377-84. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/14688492/

66. Fornage M, Boerwinkle E, Doris PA, Jacobs D, Liu K, Wong ND. Polymorphism of the Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase is associated with Coronary Artery Calcification in African-American subjects: The CARDIA Study. Circulation. 2004;109(3):335-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/14732757/

67. Wong ND. Detection of subclinical atherosclerosis: implications for evaluating cardiovascular risk (invited focused review). ACC Journal Review Mar 2004: 30-35.

68. Wong ND, Kawakubo M, LaBree L, Azen S, Xiang M, Zhuang N, Detrano R. Relation of coronary calcium progression and control of lipids according to National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines. Am J Cardiol 2004; 94: 431-436. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15325924/

69. Malik S, Wong ND, Franklin SS, Kamath TV, L’Italien GJ, Pio JR, Williams R. Impact of the metabolic syndrome on mortality from coronary heart disease, cardiovascular disease, and all causes in United States adults. Circulation 2004; 110: 1245-1250. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15326067/

70. Berman DS, Wong ND, Gransar H, Miranda-Peats L, Dahlbeck J, Hayes S, Friedman J, Polk D, Hachamovich R, Rozanski A. Relationship Between Stress-Induced Myocardial Ischemia and Atherosclerosis Measured by Coronary Calcium Tomography. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004; 44: 923-930. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15312881/

71. Fornage M, Lopez DS, Roseman JM, Siscovick DS, Wong ND, Boerwinkle E. Parental history of stroke and myocardial infarction predicts coronary artery calcification: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2004;11:421-6 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15616417/

72. Carr JJ, Nelson JC, Wong ND, McNitt-Gray M, Arad Y, Jacobs DR, Sidney S, Bild DE, Williams OD, Detrano RC. Calcified Coronary Plaque Measurement with Cardiac CT in Population Based Studies: Standardized Protocol of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) and Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Radiology 2005; 234:35-43. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15618373/

73. Wong ND. Intensified Screening and Treatment of the Metabolic Syndrome for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction (invited perspective). Preventive Cardiology 2005; 8: 47-54. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15722694/

74. Franklin SS, Pio J, Wong ND, Larson MG, Leip EP, Vasan RS, Levy D. Predictors of the development of new onset diastolic and systolic hypertension: the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation 2005; 111(9):1121-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15723980/

75. Malik S, Wong ND, Frankin SS, Pio J, Fairchild C, Chen R. Cardiovascular Disease in US Patients with Metabolic Syndrome, Diabetes, and Elevated C-Reactive Protein. Diabetes Care 2005; 28: 690-3. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15735209/

76. Gardin JM, Iribarren C, Detrano RC, Liu K, Schreiner PJ, Loria CM, Wong ND. Relation of echocardiographic left ventricular mass, geometry, stress, and left atrial dimension in young adults (the CARDIA study). Am J Cardiol 2005; 95: 626-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15721105/

77. Nelson JC, Detrano R, Kronmal RA, Carr JJ, McNitt-Gray MF, Wong N, Loria C, Goldin JG, Williams JG, Williams DO. Measuring coronary calcium on CT images adjusted for attenuation differences. Radiology 2005; 235: 403-14. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15858082/

78. Kawakubo M, LaBree L, Xiang M, Doherty TM, Wong ND, Azen S, Detrano R. Race- Ethnic Differences in the Extent, Prevalence and Progression of Coronary Calcium. Ethnicity and Disease 2005; 15: 198-204. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15825965/

79. Kop WJ, Berman DS, Gransar H, Wong ND, Miranda-Peats R, White MD, Shin M, Bruce M, Krantz DS, Rozanski A. Social network and coronary artery calcification in asymptomatic individuals. Psychosomatic Med 2005; 67: 343-52. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15911895/

80. Wong ND, Rozanski A, Gransar H, Miranda-Peats R, Kang X, Hayes S, Shaw L, Friedman J, Polk D, Berman DS. Metabolic syndrome and diabetes are associated with an increased likelihood of inducible myocardial ischemia among patients with subclinical atherosclerosis. Diabetes Care 2005; 28: 1445-50. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15920066/

81. Kim CK, McGorray SP, Bartholomew BA, Marsh M, Dicken T, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Curb JD, Oberman A, Hsia J, Gardin J, Wong ND, Barton B, McMahon RP, Sheps DS. Depressive symptoms and heart rate variability in postmenopausal women. Arch Intern Med 2005; 165: 1239-44. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15956002/

82. Detrano RC, Anderson M, Nelson J, Wong ND, Carr JJ, McNitt-Gray M, Bild DE. Coronary calcium measurements: effect on CT scanner type and calcium measure on rescan reproducibility—MESA study. Radiology 2005; 236(2):477-84. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15972340/

83. Meyers CD, Wong N, Kashyap ML. Anticipating the evolution of clinical cholesterol guidelines: implications of recent statin intervention trials. Future Cardiol 2005; 1: 461-471. https://europepmc.org/article/med/19804146

84. Vu JB, Vu JD, Pio J, Malik S, Pio J, Franklin SS, Chen R, Wong ND. Risk of peripheral arterial disease associated with metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and elevated C-reactive protein. Am J Cardiol 2005;96(5): 655-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16125489/

85. Jacobs MJ, Kleisli T, Pio J, Malik S, L’Italien GJ, Chen R, Wong ND. Prevalence and control of dyslipidemia among persons with diabetes in the United States. Diab Res Clin Prac 2005; 70:263-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15890427/

86. Daniell AL, Wong ND, Friedman JD, Ben-Yosef N, Miranda-Peats L, Hayes SW, Kang X, Sciammarella MG, Yang L, Germano G, Berman DS. Concordance of Coronary Artery Calcium Estimates between MDCT and Electron Beam Tomography. Am J Roetonogy 2005; 185: 1542-5. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16304010/

87. Wong ND. Cardiovascular risk assessment in persons with the metabolic syndrome, screening for subclinical disease, and implications for treatment. Br J Diab Vasc Dis 2005; 5: 305-314. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/14746514050050060201

88. Knox S, Barnes A, Kiefe C, Lewis CE, Iribarren C, Matthews K, Wong ND, Whooley M. History of depression, race and cardiovascular risk in CARDIA. J Intl Behav Med 2006: 13: 44-50. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16503840/

89. Berman DS, Hachamovich R, Shaw LJ, Friedman JD, Hayes SW, Thomson LE, Fieno DS, Germano G, Wong ND, Kang X, Rozanski A. Roles of nuclear cardiology, cardiac computed tomography, and cardiac magnetic resonance: Assessment of patients with suspected coronary artery disease. J Nucl Med 2006; 27: 74-82. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16391190/

90. Wong ND. Screening and risk stratification of patients with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes. Exp Rev Cardiovas Therap 2006; 4(2): 181-90. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16509814/

91. Myers CD, Moon Y, Ghanem H, Wong ND. Type of pre-existing lipid therapy predicts LDL-C response to exetimibe. Ann Pharmacotherapy 2006; 40: 818-823. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16638916/

92. Katz R, Wong ND, Kronmal R, Takasu J, Shavelle DM, Probstfield JL, Bertoni AG, Budoff MJ, O’Brien KD. Features of the metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus as predictors of aortic valve calcification in the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Circulation 2006; 113: 2113-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16636166/

93. Dey D, Callister T, Slomka P, Aboul-Enein F, Nishina H, Kang X, Gransar H, Wong ND, Miranda-Peats R, Hayes S, Friedman JD, Berman DS. Computer-aided detection and evaluation of lipid-rich plaque on noncontrast cardiac CT. Am J Roentgenol 2006; 186 (6 suppl 2): S407-13. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16714617/

94. Wong ND, Lopez V, Tang S, Williams GR. Prevalence, treatment and control of combined hypertension and hypercholesterolemia in the United States. Am J Cardiol 2006; 98: 204-208. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16828593/

95. Meyers CD, McCarren M, Wong ND, Abraira C, Duckworth WC, Kashyap ML; VADT investigators. Baseline achievement of lipid goals and usage of lipid medications in patients with diabetes mellitus (the Veterans Affairs Diabetes Trial). Am J Cardiol 2006; 98: 63-65. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16784922/

96. Wong ND, Gransar H, Shaw LJ, Polk D, Berman DS. Comparison of atherosclerotic calcification burden in persons with the cardiometabolic syndrome and diabetes. J Cardiometabolic Syndrome 2006; 1: 90-94. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17679823/

97. Berman DS, Hachamovitch R, Shaw LJ, Friedman JD, Hayes SW, Thomson LEJ, Fieno DS, Germano G, Wong ND, Kang X, Rozanski A. Roles of nuclear cardiology, cardiac computed tomography, and cardiac magnetic resonance: noninvasive risk stratification and a conceptual framework for the selection of noninvasive imaging tests in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. J Nucl Med 2006; 47: 1107-1118. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16818945/

98. Franklin SS, Barboza M, Pio J, Wong ND. Blood pressure categories, hypertensive subtypes, and the metabolic syndrome. Hypertension 2006; 24: 2009-2016. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16957561/

99. Cleary PA, Orchard TJ, Genuth S, Wong ND, Detrano RC, Backlund J-Y, Zinman B, Jacobson A, Sun W, Lachin JM, Nathan DM. The effect of intensive glycemic treatment on coronary artery calcification in type 1 diabetic participants of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial / Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (DCCT/EDIC) Study. Diabetes 2006; 55(12):3556-65. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17130504/

100. Wong ND. The metabolic syndrome and preventive cardiology: working together to reduce cardiometabolic risks. Metab Syndrome Relat Disord 2006; 4: 233-236.

101. Campbell CY, Nasir K, Wong ND, Blumenthal RS. Role of atherosclerosis assessment and other novel markers in the metabolic syndrome. Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2006; 4: 261-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18370745/

102. Malik S, Lopez V, Chen R, Wu W, Wong ND. Undertreatment of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Persons with Diabetes in the United States. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2007; 77: 126-133. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17118478/

103. Berman DS, Shaw LJ, Hachamovitch R, Friedman JD, Polk DM, Hayes SW, Thomson LEJ, Germano G, Wong ND, Kang X, Rozanski A. Comparative Use of Radionuclide Stress Testing, Coronary Artery Calcium Scanning, and Noninvasive Coronary Angiography for Diagnostic and Prognostic Cardiac Assessment. Seminars in Nuclear Medicine 2007; 37: 2-16. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17161035/

104. Rozanski AR, Gransar H, Wong ND, Shaw LJ, Miranda-Peats R, Polk D, Hayes SW, Friedman JD, Berman DS. Clinical outcomes after both coronary calcium scanning and exercise myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. J Am Coll Cardiol 2007; 49: 1352-61. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17394969/

105. Lopez VA, Franklin SS, Tang S, Wong ND. Coronary heart disease events preventable by control of blood pressure and lipids in U.S. adults with hypertension. J Clin Hypertens 2007; 9: 436-443. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17541329/

106. Bertoni, A, Wong, ND, Shea SS, Ma, S, Liu K, Preethi S, Jacobs DR Jr, Wu C, Saad M, Szklo M. Insulin Resistance, Metabolic Syndrome and Subclinical Atherosclerosis: The Multi-Ethnic study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Diabetes Care 2007; 30: 2951-6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17704348/

107. Budoff MJ, Katz R, Wong ND, Nasir K, Mao SS, Takasu J, Kronmal R, Detrano RC, Shavelle DM, Blumenthal RS, O’Brien KD, Carr JJ. Effect of scanner type on the reproducibility of extracoronary measures of calcification: the Multiethnic study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Acad Radiol 2007; 1043-1049. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17707311/

108. Liang MTC, Bassin S, Dutto D, Braun W, Wong N, Pontello AM, Cooper DM, Arnaud SB. Bone mineral density and leg muscle strength in young Caucasian, Hispanic, and Asian women. J Clin Densitometry 2007; 10: 157-164.

109. Wong ND. Metabolic syndrome: cardiovascular risk assessment and management. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs 2007;7:259-72. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17696567/

110. Rozanski A, Gransar H, Wong ND, Shaw LJ, Miranda-Peats R, Hayes SW, Friedman JD, Berman DS. Use of Coronary Calcium Scanning for Predicting Inducible Myocardial Ischemia: Influence of Patients’ Clinical Presentation. J of Nuclear Cardiology 2007; 14: 669-79. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17826320/

111. Smoller JW, Pollack MH, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Jackson RD, Oberman A, Wong ND, Sheps D. Panic attacks and risk of incident cardiovascular events among post-menopausal women in the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study. Arch Gen Psych 2007; 64: 1153-60. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17909127/

112. Margolis KL, Piller LB, Ford CE, Henriquez MA, Cushman WC, Einhorn PT, Colon PJ Sr, Vidt DG, Christian R, Wong ND, Wright JT Jr, Goff DC Jr. Blood pressure control in Hispanics in the antihypertensive and lipid-lowering to prevent heart attack trial. Hypertension 2007; 50: 854-61. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17846352/

113. Nasir K, Budoff MJ, Wong ND, Scheuner M, Herrington D, Arnett DK, Szklo M, Greenland P, Blumenthal RS. Family history of premature coronary heart disease and coronary artery calcification: Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Circulation 2007; 116(6):619-26. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17646582/

114. Hoang KC, Le TV, Wong ND. Metabolic syndrome in East Asians. J Cardiometab Syndrome 2007; 2: 276-282. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18059211/

115. Sarai M, Hartung D, Petrov A, Zhou J, Narula N, Isobe S, Fjuimoto S, Virmani R, Kolodgie F, Vanderheyden J-L, Reutelingsperger C, Hofstra L, Wong ND, Gupta S, Narula J. Broad and specific caspase inhibitor-inducted acute repression of apoptosis in atherosclerotic lesions evaluated by radiolabeled annexin A5 imaging. J Am Coll Cardiol 2007; 50: 2305-12. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18068039/

116. Van J, Pan J, Charles MA, Krauss R, Wong N, Wu X. Atherogenic lipid phenotype in a general group of subjects. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2007; 131: 1679-85.

117. Wong ND, Lopez VA, L’Italien G, Chen R, Kline S, Franklin SS. Inadequate control of hypertension in U.S. adults with cardiovascular disease comorbidities in 2003-2004. Arch Intern Med 2007; 167 (22): 2437-42. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18071164/

118. Lakoski SG, Greenland P, Wong ND, Schreiner PJ, Herrington DM, Kronmal RA, Liu K, Blumenthal RS. Coronary calcium scores and risk of cardiovascular envets in women classified as low-risk by Framingham Risk Score. Arch Intern Med 2007; 167 (22): 2437-42 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18071165/

119. Detrano R, Guerci AD, Carr JJ, Bild DE, Burke G, Folsom AR, Liu K, Shea S, Szklo M, Bluemke DA, O’Leary DH, Tracy R, Watson K, Wong ND, Kronmal RA. Coronary calcium as a predictor of coronary events in four racial or ethnic groups. N Engl J Med 2008; 358: 1336-45. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18367736/

120. Hoang K, Ghandehari H, Lopez VA, Barboza MG, Wong ND. Global coronary heart disease risk assessment of individuals with the metabolic sydnrome in the U.S. Diabetes Care 2008; 31: 1405-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18375418/

121. Black H, Davis B, Barzilay J, Nwachuku C, Bainbridge C, Marginean H, Wright J, Basile J, Wong ND, Whelton, P, Dart R, Thadani U. Metabolic and Clinical Outcomes in Non-Diabetic Individuals with the Metabolic Syndrome Assigned to Chlorthalidone, Amlodipine, or Lisinopril as Initial Treatment for Hypertension: A Report from the ALLHAT Study. Diabetes Care 2008; 31(2): 353-60. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18000186/

122. Allison MA, Budoff MJ, Wong ND, Blumenthal RS, Schreiner PJ, Criqui MH. Prevalence and risk factors for subclinical cardiovascular disease in selected US Hispanic ethnic groups: the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Am J Epidemiol 2008; 167: 962-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18283034/

123. Wolak A, Gransar H, Thomson LEJ, Friedman JD, Hachamovitch R, Gutstein A, Shaw LJ, Polk D, Wong ND, Saouaf R, Hayes SW, Rozanski A, Slomka PJ, Germano G, Berman. Aortic size assessment by noncontrast cardiac computed tomography: normal limits by age, gender, and body surface area. J Am Coll Cardiol Img 2008; 1: 156-63. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19356429/

124. Takasu J, Katz R, Nasir K, Carr JJ, Wong N, Detrano R, Budoff MJ. Relationships of thoracic aortic wall calcification to cardiovascular risk factors: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Am Heart J 2008; 155: 765-71.

125. Ghandehari H, Kamal-Bahl S, Wong ND. Prevalence and Extent of Dyslipidemia and Recommended Lipid Levels in U.S. Adults With and Without Cardiovascular Co-morbidities: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2004. Am Heart J 2008; 156: 112-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18585505/

126. Michos ED, Vaidya D, Gapstur SM, Schreiner PJ, Golden SH, Wong ND, Criqui MH, Ouyang P. Sex hormonies, sex hormone binding globulin, and abdominal aortic calcification in women and men in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA). Atherosclerosis 2008; 200(2):432-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18262187/

127. Lee HM, Le T, Lopez VA, Wong ND. The association of C-reactive protein to reduced forced vital capacity in a non-smoking U.S. population with metabolic syndrome and diabetes. Diabetes Care 2008 31: 2000-2002. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18591402/

128. Gardin JM, Allebban Z, Wong ND, Sklar SK, Bess RL, Spence AM, Pershadsingh HA. Endothelial function and urine albumin levels among asymptomatic Mexican-Americans and Non-Hispanic Whites. Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008; 6: 43. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18752679/

129. Fujimoto S, Hartung D, Ohshima S, Edwards DS, Zhou J, Yalamanchili P, Azure M, Fujimoto A, Isobe S, Matsumoto Y, Boersma H, Wong N, Yamazaki J, Narula N, Petrov A, Narula J. Molecular imaging of matrix metalloproteinase in atherosclerotic lesions: resolution with dietary modification and statin therapy. J Am Coll Cardiol 2008; 52:1847-57 .

130. Lee E, Candrilli SD, Roberts CS, Tang SS, Bassin S, Wong ND. Regional differences in the prevalence, treatment and control of hypertension and dyslipidemia in US urban Hispanic populations participating in health screening events. Ethn Dis 2008; 18: 409-14. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19157243/

130a. Benner JS, Smith TW, Petrilla AA, Klingman D, Goel S, Tang SS, Wong ND. Estimated prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension and multiple cardiovascular risk factors and their associated risk of coronary heart disease in the United States. J Am Soc Hypertens. 2008 Jan-Feb;2(1):44-53. doi: 10.1016/j.jash.2007.07.001. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20409884/

131. Hyder JA, Allison MA, Wong N, Apapa A, Lang TF, Sirlin C, Gapstur SM, Ouyang P, Carr J, Criqui MH. Association of coronary artery and arotic calcium with lumbar bone density. The MESA Abdominal Aortic Calcium Study. Am J Epidemiol 2009; 186-194.

132. Lloyd-Jones D, Adams R, Carnethon M, De Simone G, Ferguson B, Felgal K, Ford E, Furie K, Go A, Greenland K, Haase N, Hailpern S, Ho M, Howard V, Kissela B, Kittner S, Lackland D, Lisabeth L, Marelli A, McDermott M, Meigs J, Mozaffarian D, Nichol G, O’Donnel C, Roger V, Rosamond W, Sacco R, Sorlie P, Stafford R, Steinberger J, Thom T, Wasserthiel-Smoller S, Wong N, Wylie-Rosett J, Hong Y for the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart Disease and Stroke Statisics 2009 Update: A Report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation 2009; e21-e181.

133. Ghandehari H, Le V, Kamal-Bahl S, Bassin SL, Wong ND. Abdominal obesity and the spectrum of global cardiometabolic risks in United States adults. International Journal of Obesity 2009; 33(2):239-248. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19050677/

134. Franklin SS, Lopez VA, Wong ND, Mitchell GF, Larson MG, Vasan RS, Levy D. Single versus combined blood pressure components and risk for cardiovascular disease: the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation 2009; 119: 243-250. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19118251/

135. van den Borne SWM, Isobe S, Zandbergen R, Li P, Petrov A, Wong ND, Fujimoto S, Fujimoto A, Lovhaug D, Smits JFM, Daemen JAP, Blankesteijn WM, Reutelingsperger C, Zannad F, Narula N, Vannan MA, Pitt B, Hofstra L, Narula J. Molecular imaging for efficacy of pharmacologic intervention in myocardial remodeling. J Am Coll Cardiol Img 2009; 2: 187-98. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19356555/

136. Katz R, Budoff MJ, Takasu J, Shavelle DM, Bertono A, Blumenthal RS, Ouyang P, Wong ND, O’Brien KD. Relationship of metabolic syndrome with incident aortic valve calcium and aortic valve calcium progression: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Diabetes 2009; 58(4):813-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19136658/

137. Budoff MJ, Nasir K, McClelland RL, Detrano R, Wong N, Blumenthal RS, Kondos G, Kronmal RA. Coronary calcium predicts events better with absolute calcium scores than age-sex-race/ethnicity percentiles. MESA (Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). J Am Coll Cardiol 2009; 53: 345-52.

138. Budoff MJ, McClelland RL, Chung H, Wong ND, Carr JJ, McNitt Gray M, Blumenthal RS, Detrano RC. Reproducibility of coronary artery calcified plaque with 64 MDCT: the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Am J Roentgenology 2009; 192: 613-617. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19234254/

138a. Ibebuogu UN, Ahmadi N, Hajsadeghi F, Ramirez J, Flores F, Young E, Gopal A, Wong ND, Budoff MJ. Measures of coronary artery calcification and association with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes. J Cardiometab Syndr. 2009 Winter;4(1):6-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-4572.2008.00028.x. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19245510/

139. Wong ND, Gransar H, Shaw L, Polk D, Moon JH, Miranda-Peats R, Hayes SW, Thomson LEJ, Rozanski A, Friedman JD, Berman DS. Thoracic aortic calcium versus coronary artery calcium for the prediction of coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease events. JACC Cardiovascular Imaging 2009; 2: 319-26.
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140. Malik S, Wong ND. Metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular risk and screening for subclinical atherosclerosis. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 2009; 7: 273-80. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19296765/

141. Lee HW, Chung SJ, Lopez VA, Wong ND. Association of Forced Vital Capacity and Total Mortality in U.S. Adults with Metabolic Syndrome and Diabetes. Chest 2009; 136(1):171-6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19429724/

142. Kesarwani M, Perez A, Lopez VA, Wong ND, Franklin SS. Cardiovascular comorbidities and blood pressure control in stroke survivors. J Hypertens 2009; 27: 1056-63. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19405168/

143. Allen RW, Criqui MH, Diez Roux AV, Allison M, Shea S, Detrano R, Sheppard L, Wong ND, Stukovsky KH, Kaufman JD. Fine particulate matter air pollution, proximity to traffic, and aortic atherosclerosis. Epidemiology 2009: 20: 254-64. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19129730/

144. Akasheh A, Wu Y, Li Y, Dustin LD, Wong ND, Gardin JM, Azen SP, Detrano RC. Association of blood pressure with left ventricular mass in untreated hypertensives in rural Yunnan province. Am J Hypertens 2009; 22: 730-4. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19390514/

145. Hoffman EA, Jiang R, Baumhauer H, Brooks MA, Carr JJ, Detrano R, Reinhardt J, Rodriguez J, Stukovsky K, Wong ND, Barr RG. Reproducibility and validity of lung density measures from cardiac CT scans—the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) Lung Study. Acad Radiol 2009; 16: 689-99. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19427979/

146. Motoyama S, Sarai M, Harigaya H, Anno H, Inoue K, Hara T, Naruse H, Ishii J, Hishida H, Wong ND, Virmani R, Kondo T, Ozaki Y, Narula J. Computed tomography angiography characteristics of atherosclerotic plaques subsequently resulting in acute coronary syndrome. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009; 54: 49-57. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19555840/

147. Berger JS, Brown DL, Burke GL, Oberman A, Kostis JB, Langer RD, Wong ND, Wassertheil-Smoller S. Aspirin use, dose, and clinical outcomes in postmenopausal women with stable cardiovascular disease: the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study. Circ Cardiovas Quality and Outcomes 2009; 2: 78-87. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20031819/

148. Santo-Domongo NE, Orlov M, Wong ND, Kurosaki T, Reid CL, Hsieh AA, Gardin JM. Left ventricular end-systolic stress in young adults: distribution, risk factors, and relation to cardiovascular disease events. Echocardiography 2009; 26: 1006-11. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19840068/

149. Allison MA, Budoff MJ, Naris K, Wong ND, Detrano R, Kronmal R, Takasu J, Criqui MH. Ethnic-specific risks for atherosclerotic calcification of the thoracic and abdominal aorta: the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Am J Cardiol 2009; 104: 812-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19733716/

150. Wong ND, Gransar H, Narula J, Shaw L, Moon JH, Miranda-Peats R, Rozanski A, Hayes SW, Thomson LEJ, Friedman JD, Berman DS. Myeloperoxidase, subclinical atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease events. JACC Cardiovascular Imaging 2009; 2: 1093-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19761988/

151. Shaw LJ, Polk DM, Kahute TA, Wong ND, Moon J, Miranda-Peats R, Rozanski A, Friedman JD, Hayes S, Thomson L, Berman DS. Prognostic accuracy of B-Natiuretic Peptide Measurements and Coronary Artery Calcium in Asymptomatic Subjects (from the Early Identification of Subclinical Atherosclerosis by Noninvasive Imaging Research [EISNER] Study). Am J Cardiol 2009; 104: 1245-50. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19840570/

152. Postley J, Perez A, Wong ND, Gardin JM. Prevalence and distribution of sub-clinical atherosclerosis by screening vascular ultrasound in low and intermediate risk adults: the New York Physicians Study. J Am Soc Echocardiography 2009; 22: 1145-51. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19801304/

153. Shaw LJ, Min JK, Budoff M, Gransar H, Rozanski A, Hayes SW, Friedman JD, Miranda R, Wong N, Berman DS. Induced cardiovascular procedural costs and resource consumption patterns following coronary artery calcium screening: results from the Early Identification of Subclinical Atherosclerosis by Noninvasive Imaging Research (EISNER) Study. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009; 54: 1258-67. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19778667/

154. Berman DS, Rozanski A, Rana JS, Shaw LJ, Wong ND, Min JK. Screening for coronary artery disease in diabetic patients: A commentary. J Nucl Cardiol 2009; 16: 851-4.

155. Liang LR, Wong ND, Shi P, Zhao LC, Wu LX, Xie GW, Wu YF. Cross-sectional and longitudinal association of cigarette smoking with carotid atherosclerosis in Chinese adults. Prev Med 2009; 49: 62-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19465047/

156. Rivera JJ, Nasir K, Katz R, Takasu J, Allison M, Wong ND, Barr RG, Carr JJ, Blumenthal RS, Budoff MJ. Relationship of thoracic aortic calcium to coronary calcium and its progression (from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis [MESA]). Am J Cardiol 2009; 103: 1562-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19463516/

157. Lloyd-Jones D, Adams RJ, Brown TM, Carnethon M, Dai S, De Simone G, Ferguson TB, Ford E, Furie K, Gillespie C, Go A, Greenlund K, Haase N, Hailpern S, Ho PM, Howard V, Kissela B, Kittner S, Lackland D, Lisabeth L, Marelli A, McDermott MM, Meigs J, Mozaffarian D, Mussolino M, Michol G, Roger V, Rosamond W, Sacco R, Sorlie P, Stafford R, Thom T, Wasserthiel-Smoller S, Wong ND, Wylie-Rosett J; on behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics 2010 Update. A report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2010; 121(7): e46-e215).

158. Gardin JM, Alleban Z, Wong ND, Sklar SK, Bess RL, Spence MA, Pershadsingh HA, Detrano R. Do differences in subclinical cardiovascular disease in Mexican Americans versus European Americans help explain the Hispanic paradox? Am J Cardiol 2010; 105: 205-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20102919/

159. Hyder JA, Allison MA, Barrett-Conner E, Detrano R, Wong ND, Sirlin C, Gapstur SM, Ouyang P, Carr JJ, Criqui MH. Bone mineral density and atherosclerosis: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, Abdominal Aortic Calcium Study. Atherosclerosis 2010; 209: 283-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19819456/

160. Dey D, Wong ND, Tamarappoo B, Nakazato R, Gransar H, Cheng VY, Ramesh A, Kakadiaris I, Germano G, Slomka PJ, Berman DS. Computer-aided non-contract CT-based quantification of pericardial and thoracic fat and their associations with coronary calcium and metabolic syndrome. Atherosclerosis 2010; 200: 136-141. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19748623/

161. Lloyd-Jones D, Adams RJ, Brown TM, Carnethon M, Dai S, De Simone G, Ferguson TB, Ford E, Furie K, Gillespie C, Go A, Greenlund K, Haase N, Hailpern S, Ho PM, Howard V, Kissela B, Kittner S, Lackland D, Lisabeth L, Marelli A, McDermott MM, Meigs J, Mozaffarian D, Mussolino M, Michol G, Roger V, Rosamond W, Sacco R, Sorlie P, Stafford R, Thom T, Wasserthiel-Smoller S, Wong ND, Wylie-Rosett J; on behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Executive Summary: Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics 2010 Update. A report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2010; 121(7): 948-54.

162. Wong ND, Lopez VA, Roberts CS, Solomon HA, Burke GL, Kuller L, Tracy R, Yanez D, Psaty BM. Combined association of lipids and blood pressure in relation to incident cardiovascular disease in the elderly: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Am J Hypertens 2010; 23(2):161-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19927131/

163. Allebban Z, Gardin JM, Wong ND, Sklar SK, Bess RL, Spence MA, Pershadsingh HA. Relation of metabolic syndrome components to left ventricular mass in Mexican-Americans Versus Non-Hispanic Whites. Metabolism 2010; 59: 1551-5. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20206947/

164. Jacobson AF, Senior R, Cerqueira MD, Wong ND, Thomas GS, Lopez VA, Agostini D, Weiland F, Chandna H, Narula J; ADMIRE-HF Investigators. Myocardial Iodone-123 Meta-lodobenzylguanidine Imaging and Cardiac Events in Heart Failure: Results of the Prospective ADMIRE-HR (AdreView Myocardial Imaging for Risk Evaluation in Heart Failure) Study. J Am Coll Cardiol 2010; 55: 2212-21. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20188504/

165. Cheng VY, Wolak A, Gutstein A, Gransar H, Wong ND, Dey D, Thomson LE, Hayes SW, Friedman JD, Slomka PJ, Berman DS. Low-density lipoprotein and noncalcified coronary plaque composition in patients with newly diagnosed coronary artery disease on computed tomographic angiography. Am J Cardiol 2010; 105: 761-6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20298932/


166. Ohshima S, Fujimoto S, Petrov A, Nakagami H, Haider N, Zhou J, Tahara N, Osako MK, Fujimoto A, Zhu J, Murohara T, Edwards DS, Narula N, Wong ND, Chandrashekhar Y, Morishita R, Narula J. Effect of an antimicrobial agent on atherosclerotic plaques: assessment of metalloproteinase activity by molecular imaging. J Am Coll Cardiol 2010; 55: 1240-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20298932/


167. Vulic D, Lee BT, Dede J, Lopez VA, Wong ND. Extent of control of cardiovascular risk factors and compliance to recommended therapies in U.S. multiethnic adults with coronary heart disease 2005-2006. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs 2010; 10: 109-14. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20334448/

168. Wong ND, Vulic DB, Sobot M. Implementation of secondary prevention methodologies in ischemic heart disease. Scripta Medica 2010; 41: 29-35. http://scriptamedica.com/Documents/Scripta_Medica_42_1.pdf

169. Cheng VY, Dey D, Tamarappoo B, Nakazato R, Gransar H, Miranda-Peats R, Ramesh A, Wong ND, Shaw LJ, Slomka PJ, Berman DS. Pericardial fat burden on ECG-gated noncontrast CT in asymptomatic patients who subsequently experience adverse cardiovascular events. JACC Cardiovascular Imaging 2010; 3: 352-60. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20394896/

170. Vulic D, Loncar S, Krneta M, Skrbic R, Lazarevic A, Lee BT, Lopez VA, Wong ND. Risk factor control and adherence to treatment in patients with coronary heart disease in 2005-2006 in Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Archives of Medical Sciences 2010; 6: 183-187. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22371744/

171. Lee HW, Le H, Lee BT, Lopez VA, Wong ND. Forced vital capacity paired with Framingham risk score for prediction of all-cause mortality in U.S. adults. Eur Resp J 2010; 36: 1002-6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20562119/

172. DeFilippis AP, Kramer HJ, Katz R, Wong ND, Bertoni AG, Carr J, Budoff MJ, Blumenthal RS, Nasir K. Association between coronary artery calcification progression and microalbuminuria: the MESA study. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2010; 3: 595-604. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20541715/


173. Inoue K, Motoyama S, Sarai M, Sato T, Harigaya H, Hara T, Sanda Y, Anno H, Kondo T, Wong ND, Narula J, Ozaki Y. Serial coronary CT angiography-verified changes in plaque characteristics as an end point: evaluation of effect of statin intervention. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2010; 3: 691-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20633846/

174. Criqui MH, Kamineni A, Allison MA, Carr JJ, Cushman M, Detrano R, Post W, Wong ND. Rick factor differences for aortic vs. coronary calcified atherosclerosis: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Arterioscl Thromb Vasc Biol 2010; 30: 2289-96. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20814018/

175. Palaniappan LP, Araneta MR, Assimes TL, Barrett-Connor EL, Carnethon MR, Criqui MH, Fung FL, Narayan KM, Patel H, Taylor-Piliae RE, Wilson PWF, Wong ND. Call to Action: Cardiovascular Disease in Asian Americans. A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association. Circulation 2010; 122: 1242-52.

176. Colletti PM, Dustin LD, Wong ND, Shriki JE, Kawakubo M, Azen SP, Detrano RC. Does coronary calcium score predict future cardiac function? Association of subclinical atherosclerosis with left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction at MR imaging in an elderly cohort. Radiology 2010; 257: 64-70. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20713611/

177. Paramsothy P, Knopp RH, Bertoni AG, Blumenthal RS, Wasserman BA, Tsai MY, Rue T, Wong ND, Heckbert SR. Association of combinations of lipid parameters with carotid intima-media thickness and coronary artery calcium in the MESA (MultiEthnic Study of Atherosclerosis). J Am Coll Cardiol 2010; 56: 1034-41. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20846602/

178. Wong ND, Lopez VA, Allison M, Detrano RC, Blumenthal RS, Folsom AR, Ouyang P, Criqui MH. Abdominal aortic calcium and multi-site atherosclerosis: the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis 2011; 214: 436-41. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21035803/

179. Choi SE, Chow VH, Chung SJ, Wong ND. Do risk factors explain the increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes among California Asian adults? J Immigrant and Minority Health 2011; 13: 803-808. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20936431/

180. Song M, Alexander CM, Mavros P, Lopez VA, Malik S, Phatak HM, Wong ND. Use of the UKPDS Outcomes Model to predict all-cause mortality in US adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: Comparison of predicted versus observed mortality. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2011; 91: 121-6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21074286/

181. Harjo TC, Perez A, Lopez V, Wong ND. Prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors among California Native American Adults Compared to Other Ethnicities: The 2005 Californian Health Interview Survey. Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2011; 9: 49-54. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20958204/

182. Roger VL, Go AS, Lloyd-Jones DM, Adams RJ, Berry JD, Brown TM, Carnethon MR, Dai S, de Simone G, Ford ES, Fox CS, Fullerton HJ, Gillespie C, Greenlund KJ, Hailpern SM, Heit JA, Ho PM, Howard VJ, Kissela BM, Kittner SJ, Lackland DT, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth LD, Makuc DM, Marcus GM, Marelli A, Matchar DB, McDermott MM, Meigs JB, Moy CS, Mozaffarian D, Mussolino ME, Nichol G, Paynter NP, Rosamond WD, Sorlie PD, Stafford RS, Turan TN, Turner MB, Wong ND, Wylie-Rosett J; on behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2011 Update: A Report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2011; 123: e18-e209. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21160056/

183. Liang MT, Braun W, Bassin SL, Dutto D, Pontello A, Wong ND, Spalding TW, Arnaud SB. Effect of High-Impact Aerobics and Strength Training on BMD in Young Women Aged 20-35 Years. Int J Sports Med 2011; 32: 100-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21165807/

184. Rozanski A, Gransar H, Shaw L, Wong ND, Min J, Miranda-Peats R, Hayes SW, Friedman JD, Berman DS. Comparison of the atherosclerotic burden among asymptomatic patients vs matched volunteers. J Nucl Cardiol 2011; 18: 291-8.
a. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21184209/
185. Budoff MJ, Nasir K, Katz R, Takasu J, Carr JJ, Wong ND, Allison M, Lima JA, Detrano R, Blumenthal RS, Kronmal R. Thoracic aortic calcification and coronary heart disease events: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA). Atherosclerosis 2011; 215: 196-202. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21227418/

186. Laughlin GA, Allison MA, Jensky NE, Aboyans V, Wong ND, Detrano R, Criqui MH. Abdominal Aortic Diameter and Vascular Atherosclerosis: The Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2011; 41: 481-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21236707


187. Rozanaski A, Gransar H, Shaw LJ, Kim J, Miranda-Peats L, Wong ND, Rana JS, Orakzai R, Hayes SW, Friedman JD, Thomson LE, Polk D, Min J, Budoff MJ, Berman DS. Impact of coronary calcium scanning on coronary risk factors and downstream testing: the EISNER (Early Identification of Subclinical Atherosclerosis by Noninvasive Imaging Research) prospective randomized trial. J Am Coll Cardiol 2011; 57: 1622-32. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21439754/

188. Franklin SS, Chow VH, Mori AD, Wong ND. The significance of low DBP in US adults with isolated systolic hypertension. J Hypertens 2011; 29: 1101-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21478753/

189. Lee HM, Truong ST, Wong ND. Evidence of lung function for stratification of cardiovascular disease risk. Korean Circ J 2011; 41: 171-4. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21607165/

190. Huang J, Wu YF, Liu XQ, Ding D, Zhao LC, Lu B, Li Z, Wong ND, Dustin LD, Azen SP, Detrano RC. Subclinical atherosclerosis in northern and southern China: the Chinese paradox. J Geriatric Cardiol 2011; 8: 72-77. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22783288/

191. Malik S, Budoff MJ, Katz R, Blumenthal RS, Bertoni AG, Nasir K, Szklo M, Barr RG, Wong ND. Impact of subclinical atherosclerosis on cardiovascular disease events in persons with metabolic syndrome and diabetes: the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Diabetes Care 2011; 34: 2285-90. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21844289/

192. Tison GH, Blaha MJ, Budoff MJ, Katz R, Rivera JJ, Bertoni AG, Wong ND, Blumenthal RS, Szklo M, Eng J, Tracy R, Nasir K. The relationship of insulin resistance and extracoronary calcification in the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis 2011; 218: 507-10. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21798541/

193. Otaki Y, Rajani R, Cheng VY, Gransar H, Nakanishi R, Shmilovich H, Nakazato R, Hayes SW, Thomson LE, Friedman JD, Slomka PJ, Wong ND, Rozanski A, Shaw L, Budoff M, Berman DS, Dey D. The relationship between epicardial fat volume and incident coronary artery calcium. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2011; 5: 310-6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21783453/

194. Shmilovich H, Dey D, Cheng VY, Razani R, Nakazato R, Otaki Y, Nakanishi R, Slomka PJ, Thomson LE, Hayes SW, Friedman JD, Gransar H, Wong ND, Shaw LJ, Budoff M, Rozanski A, Berman DS. Threshold for the upper normal limit of indexed epicardial fat volume: derivation in a healthy population and validation in an outcome-based study. Am J Cardiol 2011; 108: 1680-5. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21880291/

195. DeFilippis AP, Blaha MJ, Ndumele CE, Budoff MJ, Lloyd-Jones DM, McClelland RL, Lakoski SG, Bushman M, Wong ND, Blumenthal RS, Lima J, Nasir K. The association of Framingham and Reynolds risk scores with incidence and progression of coronary artery calcification in MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). J Am Coll Cardiol 2011; 58: 2076-83. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22051329/

196. Nakazato R, Rajani R, Cheng VY, Shmilovich H, Nakanishi R, Otaki Y, Gransar H, Slomka PJ, Hayes SW, Thomson LE, Friedman JD, Wong ND, Shaw LJ, Budoff M, Rozanski A, Berman DS, Dey D. Weight change modulates epicardial fat burden: a 4-year serial study with non-contrast computed tomography. Atherosclerosis 2012; 220: 139-44. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22056214/

197. Roger VL, Go AS, Lloyd-Jones DM, Benjamin EJ, Berry JD, Borden WB, Bravata DM, Dai S, Ford ES, Fox CS, Fullerton HJ, Gillespie C, Hailpern SM, Heit JA, Howard VJ, Kissela BM, Kittner SJ, Lackland DT, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth LD, Makuc DM, Marcus GM, Marelli A, Matchar DB, Moy CS, Mozaffarian D, Mussolino ME, Nichol G, Paynter NP, Soliman EZ, Sorlie PD, Sotoodehnia N, Turan TN, Virani SS, Wong ND, Woo D, Turner MB; on behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Executive Summary: Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics -2012 Update: A Report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2012; 125: 188-197.

198. Roger VL, Go AS, Lloyd-Jones DM, Benjamin EJ, Berry JD, Borden WB, Bravata DM, Dai S, Ford ES, Fox CS, Fullerton HJ, Gillespie C, Hailpern SM, Heit JA, Howard VJ, Kissela BM, Kittner SJ, Lackland DT, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth LD, Makuc DM, Marcus GM, Marelli A, Matchar DB, Moy CS, Mozaffarian D, Mussolino ME, Nichol G, Paynter NP, Soliman EZ, Sorlie PD, Sotoodehnia N, Turan TN, Virani SS, Wong ND, Woo D, Turner MB; on behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics -2012 Update: A Report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2012; 125: e2-e220.

199. Guo X, Zou L, Zhang X, Li J, Zheng L, Sun Z, Hu J, Wong ND, Sun Y. Prehypertension: a Meta-Analysis of the Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Predictors of Progression. Tex Heart Inst J 2011; 38: 643-652. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22199424/

199a. Goel R, Garg P, Achenbach S, Gupta A, Song JJ, Wong ND, Shaw LJ, Narula J. Coronary artery calcification and coronary atherosclerotic disease. Cardiol Clin. 2012 Feb;30(1):19-47. doi: 10.1016/j.ccl.2011.10.001.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22304947/

200. Wong ND, Dede J, Chow VH, Wong KS, Franklin SS. Global Cardiovascular Risk Associated with Hypertension and Extent of Treatment and Control According to Risk Group. Am J Hypertens 2012; 25: 561-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22318511/

201. Wong ND, Glovaci D, Wong K, Malik S, Franklin SS, Wygant G, Iloeje U. Global Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment in United States Adults with Diabetes. Diab Vas Disease Res 2012; 9: 146-152. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22377485/

202. Rana JS, Transar H, Wong ND, Shaw L, Pencina M, Nasir K, Rozanski A, Hayes SW, Thomson LE, Friedman JD, Min JK, Berman DS. Value of Coronary Artery Calcium and Multiple Blood Biomarkers for Prognostication of Cardiovascular Events. Am J Cardiol 2012; 109: 1449-53. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22425333/

203. Wong K, Glovaci D, Malik S, Franklin SS, Wygant G, Iloeje U, Kan H, Wong ND. Comparison of demographic factors and cardiovascular risk factor control among US adults with type 2 diabetes by insulin treatment classification. J Diab and its Complications 2012; 26: 169-74. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22502939/

204. Wong ND, Nelson JC, Granston T, Bertoni AG, Blumenthal RS, Carr JJ, Guerci A, Jacobs DR, Kronmal R, Liu K, Saad M, Selvin E, Tracy R, Detrano R. Metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and incidence and progression of coronary calcium: the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). J Am Coll Cardiovasc Img 2012; 5: 358-66. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22498324/

205. Barzilay JI, Davis BR, PRessel SL, Cutler JA, Einhorn PT, Black HR, Cushman WC, Ford CE, Margolis KL, Moloo J, Oparil S, Piller LB, Simmons DL, Sweeney ME, Whelton PK, Wong ND, Wright JT. Long-term effects of incident diabetes mellitus on cardiovascular outcomes in people treated for hypertension: The ALLHAT Diabetes Extension Study. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2012; 5: 153-162. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22396585/

206. Lee HM, Truong ST, Wong ND. Association of adult-onset asthma with specific cardiovascular conditions. Respir Med 2012; 106: 948-53. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22445771/

207. Lee HM, Lee J, Lee K, Luo Y, Sin DD, Wong ND. Relation between COPD severity and global cardiovascular risk in US adults. Chest 2012; 142(5):1118-25. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22518027/

208. Dilsizian V, Zynda TK, Petrov A, Ohshima S, Tahara N, Haider N, Donohua A, Aras O, Femia FJ, Hillier SM, Joyal JL, Wong ND, Coleman T, Babich JW, Narula J. Molecular imaging of human ACE-1 expression in transgenic rats. JACC Cardiovas Imaging 2012; 5: 409-418. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22498331/

209. Alipour N, Wong ND, Malik S. Diagnosis of coronary artery disease in persons with diabetes mellitus. Curr Diab Rep 2012; 12: 286-293. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22528595/

210. Zynda TK, Thompson CD, Hoang KC, Seto AH, Glovaci D, Wong ND, Patel PM, Kern MJ. Disparity between angiographic coronary lesion complexity and lipid core plaques assessed by near infared spectroscopy. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2012; 81(3):529-37. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22532512/

211. Joshi PH, Chaudhari S, Blaha MJ, Jones SR, Martin SS, Post WS, Cannon CP, Fonarow GC, Wong ND, Amsterdam E, Hirshfeld JW, Blumenthal RS. A point-by-point response to recent arguments against the use of statins in primary prevention: this statement is endorsed by the American Society for Preventive Cardiology. Clin Cardiol 2012; 35(7):404-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22674150/

212. Bilhorn KR, Luo Y, Lee BT, Wong ND. High density lipoprotein-cholesterol, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and cardiovascular disease in US adults. Am J Cardiol 2012; 110(10):1464-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22858184/

213. Holland AT, Zhao B, Wong EC, Choi SE, Wong ND, Palaniappan L. Racial/Ethnic Differences in Control of Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Type 2 Diabetes Patients in an Insured, Ambulatory Care Population. J Diab and its Complications 2012; 27: 34-40. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23062328/

214. Wong ND. Evidence for Psychosocial Risk Factors and Behavioral Interventions in Cardiovascular Disease (Review). Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports 2012; 6: 528-33.

215. Gluba A, Bielecka A, Mikhailidis DP, Wong ND, Franklin SS, Rysz J, Banach M. An update on biomarkers of heart failure in hypertensive patients. J Hypertens. 2012;30: 1681-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22828089/

216. Drawz PE, Baraniuk S, Davis BR, Brown CD, Colon PJ Sr, Cujyet AB, Dart RA, Graumlich JF, Henriquez MA, Moloo J, Sakalayen MG, Simmons DL, Stanford C, Sweeney ME, Wong ND, Rahman M. Cardiovascular risk assessment: addition of CKD and race to the Framingham equation. Am Heart J. 2012; 164(6):925-31. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23194494/

217. Go AS, Mozaffarian D, Roger VL, Benjamin EJ, Berry JD, Borden WB, Bravata DM, Dai S, Ford ES, Fox CS, Franco S, Fullerton HJ, Gillespie C, Hailpern SM, Heit JA, Howard VJ, Huffman MD, Kissela BM, Kittner SJ, Lackland DT, Lichtman JH,Lisabeth LD, Magid D, Marcus GM, Marelli A, Matchar DB, McGuire DK, Mohler ER,Moy CS, Mussolino ME, Nichol G, Paynter NP, Schreiner PJ, Sorlie PD, Stein J,Turan TN, Virani SS, Wong ND, Woo D, Turner MB; on behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Executive Summary: Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics--2013 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation 2013; 127(1):143-152.

218. Go AS, Mozaffarian D, Roger VL, Benjamin EJ, Berry JD, Borden WB, Bravata DM, Dai S, Ford ES, Fox CS, Franco S, Fullerton HJ, Gillespie C, Hailpern SM, Heit JA, Howard VJ, Huffman MD, Kissela BM, Kittner SJ, Lackland DT, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth LD, Magid D, Marcus GM, Marelli A, Matchar DB, McGuire DK, Mohler ER, Moy CS, Mussolino ME, Nichol G, Paynter NP, Schreiner PJ, Sorlie PD, Stein J, Turan TN, Virani SS, Wong ND, Woo D, Turner MB; American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics--2013 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2013; 127(1):e6-e245.

219. Holland AT, Zhao B, Wong EC, Choi SE, Wong ND, Palaniappan LP. Racial/ethnic differences in control of cardiovascular risk factors among type 2 diabetes patients in an insured, ambulatory care population. J Diabetes Complications. 2013 Jan;27(1):34-40. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23062328/

220. Tehrani D, Malik S, Wong ND. Coronary Artery Calcium Screening in Persons with Metabolic Syndrome and Diabetes: Implications for Prevention. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders 2013; 11(3):143-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23438153/

221. Budoff MJ, Young R, Lopez VA, Kronmal RA, Nasir K, Blumenthal RS, Detrano RC, Bild DE, Guerci AD, Liu K, Shea S, Szklo M, Post W, Lima J, Bertoni A, Wong ND. Progression of Coronary Calcium and Incident Coronary Heart Disease Events: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. J Am Coll Cardiol 2013; 61: 1231-1239. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23500326/

222. Wong ND, Levy D. Legacy of the Framingham Heart Study: Rationale, Design, Initial Findings and Implications. Global Heart 2013; 8: 3-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25690260/

223. Choi SE, Liu M, Palaniappan L, Wang EJ, Wong ND. Gender and ethnic differences in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among Asian subgroups in California. Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications 2013 ;27(5):429-35. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23743139/

224. Bassin SL, Luo Y, Li A, Perez A, Wong ND. Prevalence and Trends in Metabolic Syndrome and Associated Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among U.S. Adolescents 1999-2008. Cardiovascular Endocrinology 2013; 2: 23-30.
https://journals.lww.com/cardiovascularendocrinology/Fulltext/2013/06000/Prevalence_of_and_trends_in_metabolic_syndrome_and.1.aspx

225. Franklin SS, Wong ND. Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease: Contributions of the Framingham Heart Study. Global Heart 2013; 9: 49-57. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25690263/

226. Wong ND, Chuang J, Wong K, Pham A, Neff D, Marrett E. Residual dyslipidemia among US adults treated with lipid modifying therapy: data from NHANES 2009-2010. Am J Cardio 2013; 112: 373-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23642513/

227. Ahmed HM, Blaha MJ, Nasir K, Jones RS, Rivera JJ, Agatston A, Blankstein R, Wong ND, Lakoski S, Budoff MJ, Burke GL, Sibley CT, Ouyang P, Blumenthal RS. Low-risk lifestyle, coronary calcium, cardiovascular events, and mortality: results from MESA. Am J Epidemiol 2013; 178(1):12-21 . https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23733562/

228. Tang L, Patao C, Luo Y, Wong ND. Cardiovascular Risk Factor Control and Adherence to Recommended Lifestyle and Medical Therapies in Persons with Coronary Heart Disease (From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010). Am J Cardiol 2013; 112: 1126-32. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23827404/

229. Wong ND, Patao C, Wong K, Malik S, Franklin SS, Iloeje U. Trends in control of cardiovascular risk factors among US adults with Type 2 diabetes 1999-2010: comparison by prevalent cardiovascular disease status. Diabetes and Vascular Disease Res 2013; 10: 505-13. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23975724/

230. Largent JA, Vassey J, Bessonova L, Okerson T, Wong ND. Reduction in Framingham risk of cardiovascular disease in obese patients undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. Advances in Therapy 2013;30(7):684-96 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23897217/

231. Wojczynski MK, Li M, Bielak LF, Kerr KF, Reiner AP, Wong ND, Yanek LR, Qu L, White CC, Lange LA, Ferguson JF, He J, Young T, Mosley TH, Smith JA, Kral BG, Guo X, Wong Q, Ganesh SK, Heckbert SR, Griswold ME, O Leary DH, Budoff M, Carr JJ, Taylor HA Jr, Bluemke DA, Demissie S, Hwang SJ, Paltoo DN, Polak JF, Psaty BM, Becker DM, Province MA, Post WS, O Donnell CJ, Wilson JG, Harris TB, Kavousi M,Cupples LA, Rotter JI, Fornage M, Becker LC, Peyser PA, Borecki IB, Reilly MP. Genetics of coronary artery calcification among African Americans, a meta-analysis. BMC Med Genet 2013 Jul 19;14(1):75. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23870195/

232. Chen MA, Kawakubo M, Colletti PM, Xu D, Labree Dustin L, Detrano R, Azen SP, Wong ND, Zhao XQ. Effect of age on aortic atherosclerosis. J Geriatr Cardio 2013; 10: 135-40. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23888172/

233. Tehrani DM, Gardin JM, Yanez D, Hirsch CH, Lloyd-Jones DM, Stein PK, Wong ND. Impact of Inflammatory Biomarkers on Relation of High Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol with Incident Coronary Heart Disease: Cardiovascular Health Study. Atherosclerosis 2013; 231: 246-251. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24267235/

234. Groves EM, Yu K, Wong ND, Malik S. Standard and novel treatment options for metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine 2013; Nov 15;10.1007/s11936-013-0273-2.
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235. Tamang TGL, Tang L, Chuang J, Patel RJ, Wong ND. Examining risk factor goal attainment and adherence to treatment among US heart failure patients: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010. Am J Cardiovas Drugs 2014; 14: 41-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24105016/

236. Wong ND, Patao C, Malik S, Iloeje U. Preventable Coronary Heart Disease Events from Control of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in US Adults With Diabetes (Projections from Utilizing the UKPDS Risk Engine). Am J Cardiol. 2014; 113(8):1356-61. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24581920/

237. Pandey AK, Blaha MJ, Sharma K, Rivera J, Budoff MJ, Blankstein R, Al-Mallah M, Wong ND, Shaw L, Carr J, O'Leary D, Lima JA, Szklo M, Blumenthal RS, Nasir K. Family history of coronary heart disease and the incidence and progression of coronary artery calcification: Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Atherosclerosis. 2014; 232(2):369-76. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24468150/

238. Go AS, Mozaffarian D, Roger VL, Benjamin EJ, Berry JD, Blaha MJ, Dai S, Ford ES, Fox CS, Franco S, Fullerton HJ, Gillespie C, Hailpern SM, Heit JA, Howard VJ, Huffman MD, Judd SE, Kissela BM, Kittner SJ, Lackland DT, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth LD, Mackey RH, Magid DJ, Marcus GM, Marelli A, Matchar DB, McGuire DK, Mohler ER 3rd, Moy CS, Mussolino ME, Neumar RW, Nichol G, Pandey DK, Paynter NP, Reeves MJ,Sorlie PD, Stein J, Towfighi A, Turan TN, Virani SS, Wong ND, Woo D, Turner MB; American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Executive summary: heart disease and stroke statistics—2014 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2014;129:399-410. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24446411/

239. Go AS, Mozaffarian D, Roger VL, Benjamin EJ, Berry JD, Blaha MJ, Dai S, Ford ES, Fox CS, Franco S, Fullerton HJ, Gillespie C, Hailpern SM, Heit JA, Howard VJ, Huffman MD, Judd SE, Kissela BM, Kittner SJ, Lackland DT, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth LD, Mackey RH, Magid DJ, Marcus GM, Marelli A, Matchar DB, McGuire DK, Mohler ER 3rd, Moy CS, Mussolino ME, Neumar RW, Nichol G, Pandey DK, Paynter NP, Reeves MJ, Sorlie PD, Stein J, Towfighi A, Turan TN, Virani SS, Wong ND, Woo D, Turner MB; American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics--2014 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2014; 129(3):e28-e292 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24352519/

240. Sunkara N, Wong ND, Malik S. Role of coronary artery calcium in cardiovascular risk assessment. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2014 Jan;12(1):87-94. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24345092/

241. Pokharel Y, Macedo FY, Nambi V, Martin SS, Nasir K, Wong ND, Boone J, Roberts AJ, Ballantyne CM, Virani SS. Neck circumference is not associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in retired national football league players. Clin Cardiol 2014; 37(7):402-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24648005/

242. Wong ND. Epidemiological studies of CHD and the evolution of preventive cardiology. Nat Rev Cardiol 2014; 11: 276-89. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24663092/

243. Lee HM, Liu M, Lee K, Luo Y, Wong ND. Does low vitamin D amplify the association of COPD with total and cardiovascular disease mortality? Clin Cardiol 2014; 37(8):473-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24719373/

244. Criqui MH, Dennenberg JO, McClelland R, Allison MA, Ix JH, Guerci A, Cohoon KP, Srikanthan P, Watson KE, Wong ND. Abdominal aortic calcium, coronary artery calcium, and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2014; 34(7):1574-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24812323/

245. Gardin JM, Bartz TM, Polak JF, O'Leary DH, Wong ND. What do carotid
intima-media thickness and plaque add to the prediction of stroke and cardiovascular disease risk in older adults? The cardiovascular health study. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2014; 27(9):998-1005. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25172401/

246. Yeboah J, Erbel R, Delaney JC, Nance R, Guo M, Bertoni AG, Budoff M, Moebus S,Jöckel KH, Burke GL, Wong ND, Lehmann N, Herrington DM, Möhlenkamp S, Greenland P. Development of a new diabetes risk prediction tool for incident coronary heart disease events: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study. Atherosclerosis 2014; 236: 411-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25150939/

247. Pokharel Y, Nambi V, Martin SS, Hoogeveen RC, Nasir K, Khera A, Wong ND, Jones PH, Boone J, Roberts AJ, Ballantyne CM, Virani SS. Association between lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 mass and subclinical coronary and carotid atherosclerosis in Retired National Football League players. Atherosclerosis 2014; 236:251-6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25105582/

248. Franklin SS, Wong ND. The complexity of masked hypertension: diagnostic and management challenges. Curr Hypertens Rep 2014; 16: 474. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25097111/

248a. Marta M, Zanchetti A, Wong ND, Malyszko J, Rysz J, Banach M. Patients with prehypertension - do we have enough evidence to treat them?. Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2014;12(4):586-597. doi:10.2174/15701611113119990126 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23627984/

249. Lee HM, Liu MA, Barrett-Connor E, Wong ND. Association of Lung Function with Coronary Heart Disease and Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes in Elderly: The Rancho Bernardo Study. Respiratory Medicine 2014; 9: 399-407. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25448311/

250. Pokharel Y, Basra S, Lincoln AE, Tucket M, Nambi V, Nasir K, Vogel RA, Wong ND, Boone JL, Roberts AJ, Ballantyne CM, Virani SS. Association of body mass index and waist circumference with subclinical atherosclerosis in retired NFL players. Southern Medical Journal 2014; 107: 633-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25279867/

251. Wong ND, Franklin SS. Epidemiology of Hypertension. J Am Soc Hypertens 2014; 8: 760-3. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25418499/

252. Franklin SS, Gokhale SS, Chow VH, Larson MG, Levy D, Vasan RS, Mitchell GF, Wong ND. Does low diastolic blood pressure contribute to the risk of recurrent hypertensive cardiovascular disease events? The Framingham Heart Study. Hypertension 2015; 299-305. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25421982/

253. Zhao Y, Malik S, Wong ND. Evidence for Coronary Artery Calcification Screening in the Early Detection of Coronary Artery Disease and Implications for Screeing in Developing Countries. Glob Heart 2014; 9: 399-407. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25592793/

254. Wong ND, Moran AE. The US Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Guidelines and Implications for Implementation in LMIC. Glob Heart 2014; 445-455. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25592799/

255. Banach M, Rizzo M, Toth PP, Farnier M, Davidson MH, Al-Rasadi K, Aronow WS, Athyros V, Djuric DM, Ezhov MV, Greenfield RS, Hovingh GK, Kostner K, Serban C, Lighezan D, Fras Z, Moriarty PM, Munter P, Goudev A, Ceska R, Nicholls SJ, Brohncel M, Nikolic D, Pella D, Puri R, Rysz J, Wong ND, Bajnok L, Jones SR, Ray KK, Mikhailidis DP. Statin intolerance – an attempt at a unified definition. Position paper from an International Lipid Expert Panel. Arch Med Sci 2015; 11 (1): 1-23. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25861286/

256. Sahebkar A, Serban C, Ursoniu S, Wong ND, Muntner P, Graham IM, Mikhailidis DP, Rizzo MK, Rysz J, Sperling LS, Lip GYH, Banach M. Lipid and Blood Pressure Meta-analysis Collaboration (LBPMC) Group. Lack of efficacy of resveratrol on c-reactive protein and selected cardiovascular risk factors – results from a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Int J Cardiol 2015;189:47-55. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25885871/

257. Zhao Y, Wong ND. Screening subclinical coronary artery disease with non-invasive modalities in patients with diabetes. Cardiovascular Endocrinology 2015 ; 4: 120-126. https://journals.lww.com/cardiovascularendocrinology/Fulltext/2015/12000/Screening_subclinical_coronary_artery_disease_with.4.aspx

258. Banach M, Rizzo M, Toth PP, Farnier M, Davidson MH, Al-Rasadi K, Aronow WS,Athyros V, Djuric DM, Ezhov MV, Greenfield RS, Hovingh GK, Kostner K, Serban C,Lighezan D, Fras Z, Moriarty PM, Muntner P, Goudev A, Ceska R, Nicholls SJ,Broncel M, Nikolic D, Pella D, Puri R, Rysz J, Wong ND, Bajnok L, Jones SR, Ray KK, Mikhailidis DP. Statin intolerance - an attempt at a unified definition. Position paper from an International Lipid Expert Panel. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2015 Apr 24:1-21. [Epub ahead of print] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25907232/

259. Warraich HJ, Wong ND, Rana JS. Role for combination therapy in diabetic dyslipidemia. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2015 May;17(5):589. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25907232/

260. Wong JM, Lombardo DM, Barseghian A, Dhoot J, Hundal HS, Salcedo J, Paganini-Hill A, Wong ND, Fisher M. Left atrial septal pouch in cryptogenic stroke. Front Neurol. 2015 Mar 24;6:57. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25852636/

261. Wong ND, Chuang JY, Zhao Y, Rosenblit PD. Residual Dyslipidemia According to LDL-C, non-HDL-C and Apolipoprotein B by Cardiovascular Risk Category among Statin-Treated US Adults 2009-2010. J Clin Lipidol 2015; 9(4):525-32. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26228670/

262. Hoang K, Zhao Y, Gardin JM, Carnethon M, Mukamal K, Yanez D, Wong ND. Left Ventricular Mass as a Predictor of Cardiovascular Disease Events in Older Adults with and without Metabolic Syndrome and Diabetes. J Am Coll Cardiol Cardiol Img 2015; Aug 20. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26319502/

263. Tison GH, Guo M, Blaha MJ, McClelland RL, Allison MA, Szklo M, Wong ND, Blumenthal RS, Budoff MJ, Nasir K. Multisite extracoronary calcification indicates increased risk of coronary heart disease and all-cause mortality: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2015; S1934-5925(15)00109-4. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26043963/

264. Banach M, Rizzo M, Toth PP, Farnier M, Davidson MH, Al-Rasadi K, Aronow WS,Athyros V, Djuric DM, Ezhov MV, Greenfield RS, Hovingh GK, Kostner K, Serban C, Lighezan D, Fras Z, Moriarty PM, Muntner P, Goudev A, Ceska R, Nicholls SJ, Broncel M, Nikolic D, Pella D, Puri R, Rysz J, Wong ND, Bajnok L, Jones SR, Ray KK, Mikhailidis DP. Statin intolerance - an attempt at a unified definition. Position paper from an International Lipid Expert Panel. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2015;14(6):935-55. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25907232/

265. Kopecky S, Baum S, Foody JM, Koren M, McKenney J, Sperling L, Wong ND. Statin Intolerance Roundtable Participants. Insights Into Statin Intolerance. Clin Cardiol 2015; 38: 520-526. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26337173/

266. Katz R, Budoff MJ, O’Brien KD, Wong ND, Nasir K. The metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus as predictors of thoracic aortic calcification as detected by non-contrast computed tomography in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Diabet Med 2015; Sept 4; doi: 10.1111/dme.12958. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26341116/

267. Quek RGW, Fox KM, Wang L, Li L, Gandra SR, Wong ND. Lipid-lowering treatment patterns among patients with type 2 diabetes mellituswith high cardiovascular disease risk. BMC Open Diabetes Research and Care 2015; 3: 3000132. Doi: 10.1136/bmjdrc-2015-00132. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26435839/

268. Youssef G, Guo M, McClelland RL, Shavell DM, Nasir K, Rivera J, Carr JJ, Wong ND, Budoff MJ. Risk factors for the development and progression of thoracic aortic calcification: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Acad Radiol 2015; 22: 1536-45. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26403646/

269. Postley JE, Luo Y, Wong ND, Gardin JM. Identification by ultrasound evaluation of the carotid and femoral arteries of high-risk subjects missed by three validation cardiovascular disease risk algorithms. Am J Cardiol 2015; 116: 1617-23. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26434511/

270. Tehrani DM, Wong ND. Cardiovascular disease risk assessment: review of established and newer modalities. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med 2015; 17: 57. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26472424/

271. Hui G, Koch B, Calara F, Wong ND. Angina in coronary artery disease patients with and without diabetes: US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2010. Clin Cardiol 2016; 39: 30-6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26694985/

272. Quek GW, Fox KM, W L, Li L, Gandra SR, Wong ND. Real World Lipid-lowering Treatment Patterns Among Patients With High Cardiovascular Disease Risk or a Previous Coronary Event: A United States Claims-based Analysis. Am J Cardiol 2016; 117: 495-500. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26742468/

273. Boulos NM, Gardon JM, Malik S, Postley J, Wong ND. Carotid plaque characterization, stenosis, and intima-media thickness according to age and gender in a large registry cohort. Am J Cardiol 2016; 117: 1185-1191. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26869392/

274. Forbes C, Quek RG, Deshpande S, Worthy G, Ross J, Kleijnen J, Gandra SR, Kassahun H, Wong ND, Nicholls SJ. Relationship between changes in coronary atherosclerotic plaque burden measured by intravascular ultrasound and cardiovascular disease outcomes: a systematic literature review. Curr Med Res Opin 2016; 32: 1143-1150. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26949994/

275. Blaha MJ, Budoff MJ, Tota-Maharaj R, Dardari ZA, Wong ND, Kronmal RA, Eng J, Post WS, Blumenthal RS, Nasir K. Improving the CAC score by addition of regional measures of calcium distribution: Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. JACC Cardiovas Imaging 2016; 9(12):1407-1416. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27085449/

276. Wong ND, Zhao Y, Patel R, Patao C, Malik S, Bertoni AG, Correa A, Folsom AR, Kachroo S, Mukherjee J, Taylor H, Selvin E. Cardiovascular risk factor targets and cardiovascular disease event risk in diabetes, a pooling project of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, and Jackson Heart Study. Diabetes Care 2016; 2016;39:668–676. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27208374/

277. Kianoush S, Al Rifai M, Whelton SP, Shaya GE, Bush A, Graham G, Wong ND, Blaha MJ. Stratifying cardiovascular risk in diabetes: the role of diabetes-related clinical characteristics and modern imaging. Diabetes and its Complications 2016 Sep-Oct 2016;30(7):1408-15. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27179751/

278. Forbes C, Quek RGW, Despande S, Worthy G, Wolff R, Stirk L, Kleijnen J, Gandra SR, Djedjos S, Wong ND. The relationship between Lp(a) and CVD outcomes: a systematic review. Lipids in Health and Disease 2016; 15: 95 (review). https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27184891/

279. Zhao Y, Delaney JA, Quek RGW, Gardin JM, Hirsch C, Gandra SR, Wong ND. Cardiovascular disease, mortality risk and healthcare costs by lipoprotein(a) levels according to low density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels in older high risk adults. Clinical Cardiology 2016; 39: 413-420. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27177347/

280. Tehrani DM, Zhao Y, Blaha MJ, Mora S, Mackey RH, Michos ED, Budoff MJ, Cromwell W, Otvos J, Rosenblit PD, Wong ND. Discordance of low density lipoprotein and high density lipoprotein cholesterol particle vs. cholesterol concentration for the prediction of cardiovascular disease in patients with metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus (from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis [MESA]). Am J Cardiol 2016; 117: 1921-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27156827/

281. Vulic D, Loncar S, Ostojic M, Marinkovic J, Vulic B, Wong ND. Risk factor indicators in offspring of patients with premature coronary heart disease in Banja Luka region/Republic of Srpska/Bosnia and Herzegovina. Arch Med Sci. 2016; 12(4):736-41. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27478453/

282. Schreiner PJ, Jacobs DR Jr, Wong ND, Kiefe CI. Twenty-Five Year Secular Trends in Lipids and Modifiable Risk Factors in a Population-Based Biracial Cohort: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study, 1985-2011. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 Jul 5; 5(7). https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27381757/

283. Arnold SV, Goyal A, Inzucchi SE, McGuire DK, Tang F, Mehta SN, Sperling LS, Maddox TM, Einhorn D, Wong ND, Hammar N, Fenici P, Khunti K, Lam CSP, Kosiborod M. Quality of Care of the Initial Patient Cohort of the Diabetes Collaborative Registry®. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Aug 11;6(8):e005999. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.117.005999. PMID: 28862933; PMCID: PMC5586443. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5586443/

284. Wong ND, Young D, Zhao Y, Nguyen H, Caballes J, Khan I, Sanchez RJ. Prevalence of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association statin eligibility groups, statin use, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol control in US adults using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012. J Clin Lipidol 2016; 10(5):1109-18 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27678427/

285. Tehrani DM, Wong ND. Integrating Biomarkers and Imaging for Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment in Diabetes. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2016; 18(11):105. doi: 10.1007/s11886-016-0789-7. Review. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27612474/

286. Brie D, Sahebkar A, Penson PE, Dinca M, Ursoniu S, Serban MC, Zanchetti A, Howard G, Ahmed A, Aronow WS, Muntner P, Lip GY, Wong ND, Rysz J, Banach M; Lipid, Blood Pressure Meta-analysis Collaboration (LBPMC) Group. Effects of pentoxifylline on inflammatory markers and blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Hypertens 2016; 23: 2318-2329. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27512972/

287. Schreiner PJ, Jacobs DR Jr, Wong ND, Kiefe CI. Twenty-Five Year Secular Trends in Lipids and Modifiable Risk Factors in a Population-Based Biracial Cohort: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study, 1985-2011. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 Jul 5;5(7). pii: e003384. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5015376/

288. Criqui MH, Aboyans V, Allison MA, Denenberg JO, Forbang N, McDermott MM, Wassel CL, Wong ND. Peripheral Artery Disease and Aortic Disease. Glob Heart 2016 Sep;11(3):313-326. doi: 10.1016/j.gheart.2016.08.005. Review. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27741978/

289. Burke G, Lima J, Wong ND, Narula J. The Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Glob Heart. 2016;11 (3): 267-268. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27741973/

290. Wong ND. ACC/AHA guidelines for cardiovascular disease prevention and cholesterol management: implications of new therapeutic agents. Cardiovasc Innov Appl 2016; 1: 399-408.

291. Rosenblit PD, Lepor NE, Wong ND. The emergence of cardiodiabetology. Cardiovascular Endocrinology 2017; 6: 3-7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6768527/

292. Cordola-Hsu AR, Wong ND, Cardiovascular health awareness and promotion in women: AHA’s Life’s Simple 7 and Go Red for Women. Curr Cardiovasc Risk Rep 2017; 11: 13. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12170-017-0538-5

293. Wong ND, Rosenblit PD, Greenfield RS. Advances in dyslipidemia management for prevention of atherosclerosis: PCSK9 monoclonal antibody therapy and beyond. Cardiovasc Diagn Ther. 2017 Apr;7(Suppl 1):S11-S20. doi: 10.21037/cdt.2017.03.02. Review. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28529918/

294. Graham IM, Catapano AL, Wong ND. Current guidelines on prevention with a focus on dyslipidemias. Cardiovasc Diagn Ther. 2017 Apr;7(Suppl 1):S4-S10. Review. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28529917/

295. Bakhshi H, Ambale-Venkatesh B, Yang X, Ostovaneh MR, Wu CO, Budoff M, Bahrami H, Wong ND, Bluemke DA, Lima JAC. Progression of Coronary Artery Calcium and Incident Heart Failure: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. J Am Heart Assoc 2017; 6(4). pii: e005253. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28428195/

296. Kim J, Budoff MJ, Nasir K, Wong ND, Yeboah J, Al-Mallah MH, Shea S, Dardari ZA, Blumenthal RS, Blaha MJ, Cainzos-Achirica M. Thoracic aortic calcium, cardiovascular disease events, and all-cause mortality in asymptomatic individuals with zero coronary calcium: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Atherosclerosis 2017;257: 1-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28033543/

297. Wong ND, Zhao Y, Quek RGW, Blumenthal RS, Budoff MJ, Cushman M, Garg P, Sandfort V, Tsai M, Lopez JAG. Residual atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk in statin-treated adults: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. J Clin Lipidol 2017. 120(7):1220-1222. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28754224/

298. Gupta A, Lau E, Varshney R, Hulten EA, Cheezum M, Bittencourt MS, Blaha MJ, Wong ND, Blumenthal RS, Budoff MJ, Umscheid CA Nasir K, Blankstein R. The identification of calcified coronary plaque is associated with initiation and continuation of pharmacological and lifestyle preventive therapies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol Img 2017; 10: 833-842. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28797402/

299. Cicero AFG, Colletti A, Bajraktari G, Descamps O, Djuric DM, Ezhov M, Fras Z, Katsiki N, Langlois M, Latkovskis G, Panagiotakos DB, Paragh G, Mikhailidis DP,Mitchenko O, Paulweber B, Pella D, Pitsavos C, Reiner Ž, Ray KK, Rizzo M,Sahebkar A, Serban MC, Sperling LS, Toth PP, Vinereanu D, Vrablík M, Wong ND, Banach M. Lipid lowering nutraceuticals in clinical practice: position paper from an International Lipid Expert Panel. Arch Med Sci 2017; 13: 965-1005. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5575230/

300. Thomas IC, McClelland RL, Michos ED, Allison MA, Forbang NI, Longstreth WT Jr, Post WS, Wong ND, Budoff MJ, Criqui MH. Density of calcium in the ascending thoracic aorta and risk of incident cardiovascular disease events. Atherosclerosis 2017;265: 190-196. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28917157/

301. Fan W, Lee H, Lee A, Kieu C, Wong ND. Association of lung function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 cardiovascular health metrics. Respir Med 2017; 131:85-93. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28947048/



302. Cicero AFG, Colletti A, Bajraktari G, Descamps O, Djuric DM, Ezhov M, Fras Z, Katsiki N, Langlois M, Latkovskis G, Panagiotakos DB, Paragh G, Mikhailidis DP, Mitchenko O, Paulweber B, Pella D, Pitsavos C, Reiner Ž, Ray KK, Rizzo M, Sahebkar A, Serban MC, Sperling LS, Toth PP, Vinereanu D, Vrablík M, Wong ND, Banach M on behalf of the International Lipid Expert Panel (ILEP). Lipid Lowering Nutraceuticals in Clinical Practice: Position Paper from an International Lipid Expert Panel. Nutrition Reviews 2017; 75: 731-767. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28938795/

303. Arnold SV, Inzucchi SE, Tang F, McGuire DK, Mehta SN, Maddox TM, Goyal A, Sperling LS, Einhorn D, Wong ND, Khunti K, Lam CSP, Kosiborod M. Real-World Use and Modelled Impact of Glucose Lowering Therapies Evaluated in Recent Cardiovascular Outcomes Trials: An NCDR® Research to Practice Project. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2017; 24: 1637-1645 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28870145/

304. Arnold SV, Goyal A, Inzucchi SE, McGuire DK, Tang F, Mehta SN, Sperling LS, Maddox TM, Einhorn D, Wong ND, Hammar N, Fenici P, Khunti K, Lam CSP, Kosiborod . Quality of Care of the Initial Patient Cohort of the Diabetes Collaborative Registry(®). J Am Heart Assoc. 2017; 6(8). https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28862933/

305. Malik S, Zhao Y, Budoff M, Nasir K, Blumenthal RS, Bertoni AG, Wong ND. Utility of coronary artery calcium score in risk classification and prediction of long-term cardiovascular disease in those with diabetes and metabolic syndrome: the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). JAMA Cardiology 2017; 2: 1332-1340. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29117273/

306. Mazidi M, Wong ND, Katsiki N, Mikhailidis DP, Banach M. Dietary patterns, plasma vitamins and Trans fatty acids are associated with peripheral artery disease. Lipids Health Dis 2017;16: 254. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29282129/

307. Kianoush S, Al Rifai M, Cainzos-Achirica M, Al-Mallah MH, Tison GH, Yeboah J, Miedema MD, Allison MA, Wong ND, DeFilippis AP, Longstreth W, Nasir K, Budoff MJ, Matsushita K, Blaha MJ. Thoracic extra-coronary calcification for the prediction of stroke: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis 2017; 267:61-67. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29100062/


308. Goeller M, Achenbach S, Marwan M, Doris MK, Cadet S, Commandeur F, Chen X, Slomka PJ, Gransar H, Cao JJ, Wong ND, Albrecht MH, Rozanski A, Tamarappoo BK, Berman DS, Dey D. Epicardial adipose tissue density and volume are related to subclinical atherosclerosis, inflammation and major adverse cardiac events in asymptomatic subjects. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2018; 12: 67-73. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29233634/

309. Thomas IC, McClelland RL, Allison MA, Ix JH, Michos ED, Forbang NI, Post WS,Wong ND, Budoff MJ, Criqui MH. Progression of calcium density in the ascending thoracic aorta is inversely associated with incident cardiovascular disease events. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 Feb 5. doi: 10.1093/ehjci/jey007. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29415207/

310. Arnold SV, McGuire DK, Inzucchi SE, Tang F, Mehta SN, Lam CSP, Goyal A, Sperling LS, Wong ND, Hammar N, Fenici P, Kosiborod M. Assessing use of patient-focused pharmacotherapy in glycemic management through the Diabetes Collaborative Registry (DCR). J Diabetes Complications. 2018 Aug 9. pii: S1056-8727(17)31407-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2018.02.009. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30177468/

311. Banach M, Patti AM, Giglio RV, Cicero AFG, Atanasov AG, Bajraktari G, Bruckert E, Descamps O, Djuric DM, Ezhov M, Fras Z, von Haehling S, Katsiki N, Langlois M, Latkovskis G, Mancini GBJ, Mikhailidis DP, Mitchenko O, Moriarty PM, Muntner P, Nikolic D, Panagiotakos DB, Paragh G, Paulweber B, Pella D, Pitsavos C, Reiner Ž, Rosano GMC, Rosenson RS, Rysz J, Sahebkar A, Serban MC, Vinereanu D, Vrablík M, Watts GF, Wong ND, Rizzo M; International Lipid Expert Panel (ILEP). The Role of Nutraceuticals in Statin Intolerant Patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 Jul 3;72(1):96-118. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.04.040. Review. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29957236/

312. Lee HM, Zhao Y, Liu MA, Yanez D, Carnethon M, Graham Barr R, Wong ND. Impact of lung-function measures on cardiovascular disease events in older adults with metabolic syndrome and diabetes. Clin Cardiol. 2018 Jul;41(7):959-965. doi: 10.1002/clc.22985. Epub 2018 Jul 17. PubMed PMID: 29797803. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29797803/

313. Khambhati J, Allard-Ratick M, Dhindsa D, Lee S, Chen J, Sandesara PB, O'Neal W, Quyyumi AA, Wong ND, Blumenthal RS, Sperling LS. The art of cardiovascular risk assessment. Clin Cardiol. 2018 May;41(5):677-684. doi: 10.1002/clc.22930. Epub 2018 May 10. Review. PubMed PMID: 29746005. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29746005/

314. Budoff MJ, Young R, Burke G, Jeffrey Carr J, Detrano RC, Folsom AR, Kronmal R, Lima JAC, Liu KJ, McClelland RL, Michos E, Post WS, Shea S, Watson KE, Wong ND. Ten-year association of coronary artery calcium with atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseas e (ASCVD) events: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA). Eur Heart J. 2018 Jul 1;39(25):2401-2408. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehy217. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29688297/

315. Zhao Y, Evans MA, Allison MA, Bertoni AG, Budoff MJ, Criqui MH, Malik S,
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317. Vulic D, Secerov Zecevic D, Burgic M, Vujkovic Z, Ristic S, Marinkovic J,
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318. Garg PK, Jorgensen NW, McClelland RL, Leigh JA, Greenland P, Blaha MJ, Yoon AJ, Wong ND, Yeboah J, Budoff MJ. Use of coronary artery calcium testing to improve coronary heart disease risk assessment in a lung cancer screening population: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2018 Nov - Dec;12(6):493-499. doi: 10.1016/j.jcct.2018.10.001. Epub 2018 Oct 2. PubMed PMID: 30297128; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6585432. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30297128/

319. Zhao Y, Wong ND. The Evolving Cardiovascular Disease Risk Scores for Persons with Diabetes Mellitus. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2018 Oct 11;20(12):126. doi:
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320. Younus M, Fan W, Harrington DS, Wong ND. Usefulness of a Coronary Artery
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321. Fan W, Philip S, Granowitz C, Toth PP, Wong ND. Hypertriglyceridemia in
statin-treated US adults: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. J
Clin Lipidol. 2019 Jan - Feb;13(1):100-108. doi: 10.1016/j.jacl.2018.11.008. Epub 2018 Dec 1. PubMed PMID: 30594443. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30594443/

322. Wong ND, Shapiro MD. Interpreting the Findings From the Recent PCSK9
Monoclonal Antibody Cardiovascular Outcomes Trials. Front Cardiovasc Med. 2019 Mar 6;6:14. doi: 10.3389/fcvm.2019.00014. eCollection 2019. Review. PubMed PMID: 30895178; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6414420. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30895178/

323. Nørgaard CH, Mosslemi M, Lee CJ, Torp-Pedersen C, Wong ND. The Importance and Role of Multiple Risk Factor Control in Type 2 Diabetes. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2019 Mar 18;21(5):35. doi: 10.1007/s11886-019-1123-y. Review. PubMed PMID: 30887139. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30887139/

324. Glovaci D, Fan W, Wong ND. Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus and Cardiovascular Disease. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2019 Mar 4;21(4):21. doi: 10.1007/s11886-019-1107-y. Review. PubMed PMID: 30828746. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30828746/

325. Nandkeolyar S, Naqvi A, Fan W, Sharma A, Rana JS, Rozanski A, Shaw L, Friedman JD, Hayes S, Dey D, Wong ND, Berman DS. Utility of novel serum biomarkers to predict subclinical atherosclerosis: A sub-analysis of the EISNER study. Atherosclerosis. 2019 Mar;282:80-84. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.01.012. Epub 2019 Jan 24. PubMed PMID: 30711632. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30711632/

326. Fan W, Song Y, Inzucchi SE, Sperling L, Cannon CP, Arnold SV, Kosiborod M, Wong ND. Composite cardiovascular risk factor target achievement and its
predictors in US adults with diabetes: The Diabetes Collaborative Registry.
Diabetes Obes Metab. 2019 May;21(5):1121-1127. doi: 10.1111/dom.13625. Epub 2019 Feb 14. PubMed PMID: 30609214. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30609214/

327. Andary R, Fan W, Wong ND. Control of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among US Adults With Type 2 Diabetes With and Without Cardiovascular Disease. Am J Cardiol. 2019 124(4):522-527. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.05.035. PubMed PMID: 31239072. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31239072/

328. Xu J, Fan W, Budoff MJ, Heckbert SR, Amsterdam EA, Alonso A, Wong ND. Intermittent Nonhabitual Coffee Consumption and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. J Atr Fibrillation. 2019;12(1):2205. Published 2019 Jun 30. doi:10.4022/jafib.2205 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31687073/

329. Tehrani DM, Fan W, Nambi V, Gardin J, Hirsch CH, Amsterdam E, deFilippi CR, Polonsky T, Wong ND. Trends in Blood Pressure and High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin-T with Cardiovascular Disease: The Cardiovascular Health Study. Am J Hypertens. 2019 32(10):1013-1020. . doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpz102. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31232455. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31232455/

330. Wong ND, Amsterdam EA, Ballantyne C, Khera A, Nasir K, Toth PP for the American Society for Preventive Cardiology. Spotlight from the American Society for Preventive Cardiology on Key Features of the 2018 AHA/ACC/AACVPR/AAPA/ABC/ ACPM/ ADA/AGS/APhA/ASPC/NLA/PCNA Guidelines on the Management of Blood Cholesterol. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs 2019 Feb;20(1):1-9. doi: 10.1007/s40256-019-00358-0. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31286451/

331. Oni E, Budoff MJ, Zeb I, Li D, Veledar E, Polak JF, Blankstein R, Wong ND, Blaha MJ, Agatston A, Blumenthal RS, Nasir K. Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Is Associated With Arterial Distensibility and Carotid Intima-Media Thickness: (from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). Am J Cardiol. 2019 Aug 15;124(4):534-538. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.05.028. Epub 2019 May 25. PubMed PMID: 31262497. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31262497/

332. Hirahatake KM, Jacobs DR, Shikany JM, Jiang L, Wong ND, Steffen LM, Odegaard AO. Cumulative intake of artificially sweetened and sugar-sweetened beverages and risk of incident type 2 diabetes in young adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development In Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2019 Aug 2. pii: nqz154. doi:10.1093/ajcn/nqz154. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31374564. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31374564/

333. Case BC, Bress AP, Kolm P, Philip S, Herrick JS, Granowitz CB, Toth PP, Fan W, Wong ND, Hull M, Weintraub WS. The economic burden of hypertriglyceridemia among US adults with diabetes or atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease on statin therapy. J Clin Lipidol. 2019;13(5):754-761. doi:10.1016/j.jacl.2019.07.004 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31427271/

334. Hirahatake KM, Jacobs DR Jr, Shikany JM, Jiang L, Wong ND, Odegaard AO.
Cumulative average dietary pattern scores in young adulthood and risk of incident
type 2 diabetes: the CARDIA study. Diabetologia. 2019 Dec;62(12):2233-2244. doi: 10.1007/s00125-019-04989-5. Epub 2019 Sep 2. PubMed PMID: 31478081. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31478081/

335. Toth PP, Fazio S, Wong ND, Hull M, Nichols GA. Risk of cardiovascular events in patients with hypertriglyceridaemia: A review of real-world evidence. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2019 Nov 19. doi: 10.1111/dom.13921. [Epub ahead of print] Review. PubMed PMID: 31742844. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31742844/

336. Fan W, Philip S, Toth PP, Granowitz C, Wong ND. Prevalence of United States adults with triglycerides = 135 mg/dL: NHANES 2007-2014. Cardiol J. 2019;26(5):604-606. doi:10.5603/CJ.2019.0099 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31701510/

337. Hirahatake KM, Jiang L, Wong ND, Shikany JM, Eaton CB, Allison MA, Martin L, Garcia L, Zaslavsky O, Odegaard AO. Diet Quality and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Postmenopausal Women With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Women's Health Initiative. J Am Heart Assoc. 2019 Oct;8(19):e013249. doi:
10.1161/JAHA.119.013249. Epub 2019 Sep 19. PubMed PMID: 31533514; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6806027. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31533514/

338. Mathenge N, Fan W, Wong ND, Hirsch C, Delaney CJ, Amsterdam EA, Koch B, Calara R, Gardin JM. Pre-diabetes, diabetes and predictors of incident angina among older women and men in the Cardiovascular Health Study. Diab Vasc Dis Res. 2019 Nov 28:1479164119888476. doi: 10.1177/1479164119888476. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31778070. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31778070/

339. Wong ND, Toth PP, Amsterdam EA; American Society for Preventive Cardiology. Most important advances in preventive cardiology during this past decade: Viewpoint from the American Society for Preventive Cardiology. Trends Cardiovasc Med. 2019 Dec 6. pii: S1050-1738(19)30163-X. doi: 10.1016/j.tcm.2019.11.013. [Epub ahead of print] Review. PubMed PMID: 31882264. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31882264/

340. Fan W, Philip S, Granowitz C, Toth PP, Wong ND. Residual Hypertriglyceridemia and Estimated Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk by Statin Use in U.S. Adults With Diabetes: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2014. Diabetes Care. 2019 Dec;42(12):2307-2314. doi: 10.2337/dc19-0501. Epub 2019 Oct PubMed PMID: 31575639. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31575639/

341. Cordola Hsu AR, Ames SL, Xie B, Peterson DV, Garcia L, Going SB, Wong ND, Anton-Culver H. Sociodemographic and Metabolic Risk Characteristics Associated with Metabolic Weight Categories in the Women’s Health Initiative. Cardiovasc Endo Metab 2020 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32537564/

342. Cicero AFG, Colletti A, von Haehling S, Vinereanu D, Bielecka-Dabrowa A, Sahebkar A, Toth PP, Reiner Ž, Wong ND, Mikhailidis DP, Ferri C, Banach M.
Nutraceutical support in heart failure: a position paper of the International
Lipid Expert Panel (ILEP). Nutr Res Rev. 2020 Mar 16:1-25. doi:
10.1017/S0954422420000049. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32172721.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32172721/

343. Cordola Hsu AR, Ames SL, Xie B, Peterson DV, Garcia L, Going SB, Phillips LS, Manson JE, Anton-Culver H, Wong ND. Incidence of diabetes according to
metabolically healthy or unhealthy normal weight or overweight/obesity in
postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative. Menopause. 2020 Feb 24. doi: 10.1097/GME.0000000000001512. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32108731. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32108731/

344. Nguyen K, Fan W, Bertoni A, Budoff MJ, Defilippi C, Lombardo D, Maisel A,
Szklo M, Wong ND. N-terminal Pro B-type Natriuretic Peptide and High-sensitivity Cardic Troponin as Markers for Heart Failure and Cardiovascular Disease Risks According to Glucose Status (from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis [MESA]). Am J Cardiol. 2020 Jan 30. pii: S0002-9149(20)30066-7. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2020.01.025. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32106929. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32106929/

345. Mosslemi M, Park HL, McLaren CE, Wong ND. A treatment-based algorithm for identification of diabetes type in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Cardiovasc Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Feb 21;9(1):9-16. doi:
10.1097/XCE.0000000000000189. eCollection 2020 Mar. PubMed PMID: 32104786; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7041875. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32104786/

346. Katsiki N, Mikhailidis DP, Bajraktari G, Miserez AR, Cicero AFG, Bruckert E, Serban MC, Mirrakhimov E, Alnouri F, Reiner Ž, Paragh G, Sahebkar A, Banach M; International Lipid Expert Panel (ILEP). Statin therapy in athletes and patients performing regular intense exercise - Position paper from the International Lipid Expert Panel (ILEP). Pharmacol Res. 2020 May;155:104719. doi: 10.1016/j.phrs.2020.104719. Epub 2020 Feb 19. PMID: 32087236. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32087236/

347. Eisenberg E, McElhinney PA, Commandeur F, Chen X, Cadet S, Goeller M, Razipour A, Gransar H, Cantu S, Miller RJH, Slomka PJ, Wong ND, Rozanski A, Achenbach S, Tamarappoo BK, Berman DS, Dey D. Deep Learning-Based Quantification of Epicardial Adipose Tissue Volume and Attenuation Predicts Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Asymptomatic Subjects. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2020 Feb;13(2):e009829. doi: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.119.009829. Epub 2020 Feb 17. PubMed PMID: 32063057. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32063057/

348. Fan W, Philip S, Granowitz C, Toth PP, Wong ND. Prevalence of US Adults with Triglycerides?=?150 mg/dl: NHANES 2007-2014 [published online ahead of print, 2020 Apr 23]. Cardiol Ther. 2020;10.1007/s40119-020-00170-x.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32328971/

349. Zhubi-Bakija F, Bajraktari G, Bytyçi I, Mikhailidis DP, Henein MY, Latkovskis G, Rexhaj Z, Zhubi E, Banach M; International Lipid Expert Panel (ILEP). The impact of type of dietary protein, animal versus vegetable, in modifying cardiometabolic risk factors: A position paper from the International Lipid Expert Panel (ILEP). Clin Nutr. 2020 May 26:S0261-5614(20)30251-X. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32620446/

350. Yang P, Zhao Y, Wong ND. Development of a Risk Score for Atrial Fibrillation in Adults With Diabetes Mellitus (from the ACCORD Study) [published online ahead of print, 2020 Mar 15]. Am J Cardiol. 2020; 125(11):1638-1643 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32291091/

351. Tinsley LJ, Wong ND, Reusch JEB, Arnold SV, Kosiborod MN, Tang Y, Laffel LM, Mehta SN. Regional differences in the management of cardiovascular risk factors among adults with diabetes: An evaluation of the Diabetes Collaborative Registry. J Diabetes Complications. 2020 Aug;34(8):107591. doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2020.107591. Epub 2020 Apr 21. PMID: 32471789. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32471789/

352. Wong ND. Cardiovascular Risk Assessment: The Foundation of Preventive Cardiology. Am J Prev Cardiol 2020 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2666667720300088?via%3Dihub

353. Khera A, Baum SJ, Gluckman TJ, Gulati M, Martin SS, Michos ED, Navar A, Taub PR, Toth PP, Virani SS, Wong ND, Shapiro MD. Continuity of Care and Outpatient Management for Patients with and at High Risk for Cardiovascular Disease during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Scientific Statement from the American Society for Preventive Cardiology. Am J Prev Cardiol 2020; PII:S2666-6677(20)30009-XDOI: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S266666772030009X

354. Wittbrodt E, Bhalla N, Andersson Sundell K, Gao Q, Dong L, Cavender MA, Hunt P, Wong ND, Mellström C. Assessment of the high risk and unmet need in patients with CAD and type 2 diabetes (ATHENA): US healthcare resource utilization, cost and burden of illness in the Diabetes Collaborative Registry. Endocrinol Diabetes Metab. 2020;3(3):e00133. Published 2020 May 7. doi:10.1002/edm2.133 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32704557/

355. Chi K, Behforooz S, Wong ND. Social isolation and cardiovascular health in US adults Scripta Medica 2020; 51: 9-14. https://aseestant.ceon.rs/index.php/scriptamed/article/view/24593

356. Dhindsa DS, Sandesara PB, Shapiro MD, Wong ND. The Evolving Understanding and Approach to Residual Cardiovascular Risk Management. Front Cardiovasc Med. 2020;7:88. Published 2020 May 13. doi:10.3389/fcvm.2020.00088 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32478100/

357. Arnold SV, Gosch K, Wong ND, Hejjaji V, Goyal A, Leiter LA, Kosiborod M. Use of non-LDL-C lipid-lowering medications in patients with type 2 diabetes. Endocrinol Diabetes Metab. 2020;3(3):e00126. Published 2020 Apr 14. doi:10.1002/edm2.126 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32704552/

358. Fan W, Tong C, Wong ND. LEADER Trial Eligibility and Preventable Cardiovascular Events in US Adults with Diabetes: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2007-2016 [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 3]. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2020;10.1007/s10557-020-07032-7. doi:10.1007/s10557-020-07032-7 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32621045/

359. Wong ND, Fan W, Pak J. Estimating the number of preventable cardiovascular disease events in the United States using the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial results and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Diab Vasc Dis Res. 2020;17(4):1479164120945674. doi:10.1177/1479164120945674 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32722930/

360. Dhindsa D, Wong ND, Sperling, L. Cardiovascular and cardiometabolic prevention: high-level priority in the era of COVID-19, Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism 2020; 9: 125-127 https://doi:10.1097/XCE.0000000000000215

361. Wong ND. Preventive cardiology or cardiometabolic medicine: a new and emerging subspecialty?, Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism 2020; 9: 66-69 https://doi:10.1097/XCE.0000000000000206

362. Jones NM, Mukamel DB, Malik S, Greenfield RS, Reikes A, Wong ND, Chow E. The costs outweigh the benefits: Seeing side-effects online may decrease adherence to statins. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2020, 20:197, 1-11. doi:10.1186/s12911-020-01207-w https://rdcu.be/b6oaC

363. Wong ND, Cordola-Hsu AR, Rozanski A, Shaw LJ, Whelton SP, Budoff MJ, Nasir K, Miedema MD, Rumberger J, Blaha MJ, Berman DS. Sex Differences in Coronary Artery Calcium and Mortality from Coronary Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Disease, and All Causes in Adults with Diabetes: The Coronary Calcium Consortium. Diab Care 2020; 43: 1-10, https://doi.org/10.2337/dc20-0166. (online ahead of print)

364. Wong ND, Fan W, Philip S, Granowitz C, Toth PP. REDUCE-IT Eligibility and Preventable Cardiovascular Events in the US Population (from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [NHANES]). The American Journal of Cardiology. Am J Cardiol 2020 . https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32933754/


Books:

1. Wong ND (Editor-in-Chief), Black HR, Gardin JM, “Preventive Cardiology”, McGraw Hill Publishers, New York, November 1999 https://www.amazon.com/Preventive-Cardiology-Nathan-D-Wong/dp/0070718563

2. Wong ND (Editor-in-Chief), Black HR, Gardin JM, “Preventive Cardiology: A Practical Approach” McGraw Hill Publishers, New York, 2005
https://www.worldcat.org/title/preventive-cardiology-a-practical-approach/oclc/54767373

3. Krentz A, Wong ND (Co-Editor), “Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Disease”, Taylor and Francis, New York (1st edition) November 2006.
https://www.amazon.com/Metabolic-Syndrome-Cardiovascular-Disease-Epidemiology/dp/0849393736

4. Blumenthal RS, Foody JM, Wong ND (Co-Editor), Preventive Cardiology, A Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease, Elsevier, New York, February 2011
https://www.elsevier.com/books/preventive-cardiology-companion-to-braunwalds-heart-disease/blumenthal/978-1-4377-1366-4

5. Blumenthal RS, Foody JM, Wong ND (Co-Editor), Preventive Cardiology, A Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease, Simplified Chinese Translation, Elsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd and Peking University Medical Press, 2013
https://www.dushu.com/book/12692784/

6. Wong ND, Amsterdam EA, Blumenthal RS. ASPC Manual of Preventive Cardiology. Demos Medical Publishers, November 2014
https://www.springerpub.com/aspc-manual-of-preventive-cardiology-9781936287864.html

7. Wong ND, Malik S. Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers, New Delhi, India, November 2014 https://www.jaypeedigital.com/book/9789351526018

8. Wong ND, Amsterdam EA, Toth PP, eds. ASPC Manual of Preventive Cardiology 2nd ed. Springer-Nature 2020 (in press)
https://www.springer.com/us/book/9783030562786

Book Chapters:

1. Wong ND. Chapter B92. HYPERTENSION IN EAST ASIANS AND NATIVE HAWAIIANS. In Black HR, ed. Hypertension Primer, American Heart Association, 2003 https://www.amazon.com/Hypertension-Primer-Essentials-Blood-Pressure/dp/0781745098

2. Wong ND, Franklin SS. Chapter 3. Epidemiology of Hypertension. In: Oparil and Weber’s Hypertension. Elsevier, Burlington, MA 2005 https://www.elsevier.com/books/hypertension/9780721602585

3. Detrano RC, Wong ND. Chapter 3. Multidetector and Electron Beam Computed Tomography of the Heart. In Dilsizian & Pohost: Cardiac CT, PET and MR. Blackwell Futura, Malden, MA, USA 2006. https://www.amazon.com/Cardiac-CT-PET-Vasken-Dilsizian/dp/1405185538

4. Berman DS, Hachamovich R, Shaw LJ, Germano G, Wong ND, Rozanski A. Chapter 17. Nuclear Cardiology and Cardiac CT in Assessment of Patients with Known or Suspected Chronic Coronary Artery Disease. In Budoff M, ed: Cardiac CT Imaging : Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Disease, Springer 2006. Pages 239-259.
https://www.springer.com/us/book/9781848826502

5. Wong ND. Chapter 41. Hypertension in East Asians and Pacific Islanders. In Black and Elliott’s Hypertension: A Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease, 1st ed. 2006. https://www.elsevier.com/books/hypertension-a-companion-to-braunwalds-heart-disease/white/978-1-4160-3053-9

6. Wong ND. Cardiovascular Disease. In: Boslaugh S, editor. Encylopedia of Epidemiology. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, 2008. Pages 118-131.
https://www.amazon.com/Encyclopedia-Epidemiology-Sarah-Boslaugh/dp/1412928168

7. Hoang KC, Wong ND. Hypertension in East Asians and Native Hawaiians. Chapter 88. Hypertension Primer, 4th ed. American Heart Association 2008.
https://books.google.sm/books?id=Sw9-Am4RvCMC&hl=it&source=gbs_navlinks_s

8.Goel R, Garg P, Achenbach S, Gupta A, Song JJ, Wong ND, Shaw LJ, Narula J. Coronary artery calcification and coronary atherosclerotic disease. In: Computed Tomography Imaging in 2012. Cardiology Clinics. Saunders, Philadelphia, 2012.
https://www.amazon.com/Computed-Tomography-Imaging-Cardiology-Clinics/dp/1455738379

9.Wong ND. Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease. In: Detels R, et al. eds Dictionary of Public Health. Oxford University Press. 2014 https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195160901.001.0001/acref-9780195160901

10.Wong ND, Tehrani DM, Franklin SS. Epidemiology of coronary heart disease in the elderly. In: Aronow WS, Fleg JL, Rich MW eds Cardiovascular Disease in the Elderly. 5th Edition. CRC Press, 2013. https://books.google.bi/books?id=OrbNBQAAQBAJ\

11.Boulos N, Wong ND. Epidemiology of Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease. In: Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease, Wong ND, Malik S, eds. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers, New Delhi, India, 2014. https://www.jaypeedigital.com/book/9789351526018

12. Wong ND, Franklin SS. Chapter 23. Epidemiology of Hypertension. In: Hurst’s The Heart, Fuster V, Harrington RA, Narula J, Eapen ZJ eds. Mc Graw-Hill, New York, 2017. https://www.amazon.com/Hursts-Heart-14th-Two-Set/dp/0071843248

13. Wong ND, Tehrani DM, Franklin SS. Epidemiology of coronary heart disease in the elderly. In: Aronow WS, Fleg JL, Rich MW eds Cardiovascular Disease in the Elderly. 6th Edition. CRC Press (2020, in press). https://www.routledge.com/Tresch-and-Aronows-Cardiovascular-Disease-in-the-Elderly-Sixth-Edition/Aronow-Fleg-Rich/p/book/9780367655839

14. Barrett-Connor E, Wingard D, Wong N, Goldberg R. Chapter 18. Heart Disease and Diabetes. In: Diabetes in America, 2020. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/about-niddk/strategic-plans-reports/diabetes-in-america-3rd-edition

15. Wong ND, Handlesman Y. Cardiodiabetes. In: Wong ND, Amsterdam EA, Toth PP, eds. ASPC Manual of Preventive Cardiology, Springer-Nature (2020, in press). https://www.springer.com/us/book/9783030562786

Other Publications, Editorials, & Letters:

1. Wong ND. Clinical Determinants of Long-Term Risk for Reinfarction and Coronary Mortality Following Initial Myocardial Infarction: The Framingham Study. Doctoral Dissertation, Yale University, Copyright 1987, 277 pages.
2. Wong ND. Software review Mystat: A personal version of Systat. Yale J Biol Med 1989; 62: 237-8.
3. Bassin S, Davidson D, Morris GS, Wong N, Deitrick R. Assessing youngsters’ predisposition to cardiovascular disease. Proceedings from Children and Exercise Pediatric Work Physiology XV, National Institute for Health Promotion, Budapest, Hungary, 1989.
4. Wong ND, Wilson PWF, Kannel WB. Significance of a persistent high cholesterol level after myocardial infarction. Cardiology Board Review 1992; 9(8): 28-40.
5. Wong ND, Wilson PWF, Kannel WB. Letter re: Serum cholesterol as a risk factor post-myocardial infarction. Ann Intern Med 1992; 116(5): 425-6.
6. Wong ND. Long-term care of the coronary patient by Risteard Mulcahy (book review). Ann Intern Med 1992; 117(6); 539-40.
7. Ettinger WH, Wahl PW, Bush TL, Manolio TA, Wong ND, Kuller LH, Tracy RP, Borhani NO, O’Leary DH. Letter re: Lipoprotein lipids in older people. Circulation 1993; 87(5): 1773.
8. Wong ND, Vo A, Abrahamson D, Tobis JM, Eisenberg H, Detrano RC. Can coronary artery calcium detected by ultrafast computed tomography diagnose coronary artery disease? Cardiology Board Review 1995; 12(4); 14-20.
9. Teng W, Abrahamson D, Wong ND. Coronary artery calcium: relation to age and hyperlipidemia. Lipid Digest 1994; 6: 7-11.
10. Franklin SS, Gustin W, Wong N, Weber M, Larson M, Kannel W, Levy D. The effect of age and hypertension on systolic, diastolic, mean, and pulse pressure: the Framingham Heart Study. Current Concepts in Hypertension 1999; 3: 3-4.
11. Wong ND. Reflections on cardiovascular risk stratification and prevention. Preventive Cardiology 2001; 4 (1): 7-8 .
12. Wong ND. Book review: Compliance in Healthcare and Research. Preventive Cardiology Summer 2002.
13. Franklin SS, Wong ND, Larson MG, Kannel WB, Levy D. How important is pulse pressure as a predictor of cardiovascular risk? Hypertension. 2002 Feb;39(2):E12-3
14. Franklin SS, Wong ND. Cardiovascular risk evaluation—an inexact science (editorial). Journal of Hypertension 2002; 20: 1-4 (editorial).
15. Franklin SS, Wong ND, Kannel WB. Age-specific relevance of usual blood pressure to vascular mortality. The Lancet 2003; 361: 1389 (editorial)
16. Berman DS, Wong ND. Implications of estimating coronary heart disease risk in the United States population (editorial). J Am Coll Cardiol 2004; 43: 1797-1798.
17. Wong ND, Malik S. C-reactive protein for cardiovascular risk assessment in the metabolic syndrome: response to Kholeif et al. Diabetes Care 2005; 28: 2598-9.
18. Wong ND. Section Editor. Clinical Trials Report. Novel and Emerging Risk Factors in: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports 2008; 2: 129-32.
19. Hoang KC, Ghandehari H, Lopez VA, Barboza MG, Wong ND. Targeting therapy based on global risk assessment in metabolic syndrome. Rev Endocrinol Oct 2008; 1-4.
20. Wong ND. Should we focus on novel risk markers and screening tests to better predict and prevent cardiovascular disease? Or are we putting the cart before the horse? Prev Cardiol 2010; 13: 149-51.
21. Wong ND. AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR PREVENTIVE CARDIOLOGY (ASPC) Annual Debate: Coronary Heart Disease in Men and Women: Does One Size Fit All? Clinical Cardiology 2011; 34: 653. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22095655/

22. Wong ND. Is diabetes really a coronary heart disease risk equivalent? Cardiovascular Endocrinology 2013; 1: 65-67.
23. Wong ND, Levy D, Narula J. Framingham Heart Study: An Enduring Legacy (editorial). Global Heart 2013; 8: 1-3.
24. Malik S, Wong ND. Sex differences in diabetes, heart disease and beyond. Global Heart 2013 (in press).
25. Wong ND, Patao C, Malik S, Iloeje U. Reply. Am J Cardiol 2014; 114(4):654-5.
26. Wong ND, Franklin SS. Reducing the burden of hypertension: China’s long march ahead. JAMA Intern Med 2016; 176: 532-3.
27. Franklin SS, Wong ND. Pulse pressure: how valuable as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool? J Am Coll Cardiol 2016; 67: 404-6.
28. Wong ND. Is There More to the Calcium Scan Than Just Coronary Calcium? JACC
Cardiovasc Imag 2016; 9(10):1186-1187.
29. Wong ND, Sperling LS, Baum SJ. The American Society for Preventive Cardiology: Our 30-year legacy. Clin Cardiol. 2016 39(11):627-630
30. Wong ND, Rosenblit PD, Lepor N. Cardiodiabetology: endocrinologists and cardiologists working together to improve clinical outcomes. Cardiosource World News, American College of Cardiology, November 2016, pgs 40-43.
31. Wong ND. Cardiodiabetology: the convergence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (editorial). Cardiovascular Endocrinology 2017; 6: 2.
32. Wong ND. Does FOURIER Transform Residual Cardiovascular Disease Risk? Am J Cardiol 2017; 120(7):1220-1222.
33. Wong ND, Moran A, Narula J. Hypertension Control in Africa: A Call to Action. Glob Heart. 2018;13(1):1-2.
34. Wong ND. Can Interventions on Socioeconomic Status Improve Cardiovascular
Health? Role for American Heart Association's Life Simple 7. Glob Heart. 2019 Apr
12. pii: S2211-8160(19)30016-X. doi: 10.1016/j.gheart.2019.03.003. [Epub ahead of
print] PubMed PMID: 30987811.
35. Wong ND. Coronary Calcium in Type 1 Diabetes: To Screen or Not to Screen? JACC
Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 Mar 8. pii: S1936-878X(19)30146-9. doi:
10.1016/j.jcmg.2019.01.016. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30878432.
36.Wong ND. Identifying the Very-High-Risk Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Patient: Does It Really Matter? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019;74(20):2508-2510. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2019.09.023. PubMed PMID: 31727289.
37. Wong ND. Evaluating Multisite Atherosclerosis and its Progression: Ready for Prime Time?. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020;75(14):1628-1630. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2020.02.047
Professional Societies
Fellow, American College of Cardiology
Fellow, American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention
Fellow, National Lipid Assocation
Fellow, American Society for Preventive Cardiology
Other Experience
Past President
American Society for Preventive Cardiology 2010—2012

Past President
Pacific Lipid Association 2018—2019

President
Interamerican Heart Foundation 2020—Pres

Past Chair
American Heart Assocation Prevention Science Subcommittee

Graduate Programs
Epidemiology

Research Center
Heart Disease Prevention Program www.heart.uci.edu
Last updated
02/11/2021