Professor, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
School of Biological Sciences
PH.D., University of California, Berkeley
Phone: (949) 824-4746, 2556
Fax: (949) 824-2181
University of California, Irvine
Mail Code: 2525
Irvine, CA 92697
Restoration of trees and soil fertility to degraded tropical land. Pollination by and territorial behavior of birds
Phi Beta Kappa
Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Fellow of the American Ornithological Union
Deforestation in the humid tropics leads to erosion and changes in soil chemistry, structure and biology. These changes sometimes make restoration difficult. We experiment with methods of restoring degraded cattle pasture, using native and non-native species of trees and seedlings that we inoculate with mycorrhizal fungi.
Carpenter, F.L., J.D. Nichols, R.T. Pratt, and K.C. Young. 2004. Methods of facilitating reforestation of tropical degraded land with the native timber tree, Terminalia amazonia. Forest Ecology and Management. Abstract available online 15 September 2004; publication due in December 2004: vol. 202: 281-291.
Carpenter, F.L., J.D. Nichols, and E. Sandi. 2004. Early growth of native and exotic trees planted on degraded tropical pasture. Forest Ecology and Management 196: 367-378.
Carpenter, F.L. and J.D. Nichols. 2003. Variable success of native trees planted on degraded pasture in Costa Rica. Proceedings of Forestry Research Institute of Malaysia.
Nichols, J.D., M.E. Rosemeyer, F.L. Carpenter, and J. Kettler. 2001. Intercropping legume trees with native timber trees rapidly restores cover to eroded tropical pasture without fertilization. Forest Ecology and Management 152: 195-209.
Carpenter, F.L., S. Palacios, E. Gonzalez, and M. Schroeder. 2001. Land use and erosion of a Costa Rican Ultisol affect soil chemistry, mycorrhizal fungi and early regeneration. Forest Ecology and Management, 144: 1-17.
Rainforest Agrarian International Network
Ecological Society of America, Life member
Society for Conservation Biology
Society for Ecological Restoration