E. Alison Holman
Interim Director, Associate Professor
|Mental and physical health consequences of trauma; genetic vulnerability to stress-related mental/physical health problems; acute stress & cardiovascular disease; cognitive, social and emotional response to trauma.|
|Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar|
Post-doctoral Visiting Scholar, Department of Psychology, Stanford University
|My research focuses on understanding the early predictors of comorbid mental and physical health consequences of trauma. I am interested in identifying the contributions of, and interactions between cognitive, social, emotional, and biological processes that increase vulnerability to trauma-related health problems. I examine genetic and gene*environment vulnerabilities to acute/posttraumatic stress & physical ailments, especially cardiovascular disease. My work addresses the roles of several biological systems in acute/posttraumatic stress response: renin-angiotensin-aldosterone, endocannabinoid, and oxytocin systems as well as hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis response. The ultimate goal is to prevent posttraumatic mental and physical health problems by developing early interventions for vulnerable traumatized patients.|
|Publications||Garfin, D. R., Holman, E. A., Silver, R. C. (2015). Cumulative Exposure to Prior Collective Trauma and Acute Stress Responses to the Boston Marathon Bombings. Psychological Science 26(6) 675–683.|
|Garfin, D. R., Holman, E. A., Lubens, P., & Silver, R. C. (2014, July 22). Don't overlook television news content when linking TV-watching and all-cause mortality. Journal of the American Heart Association. (Letter to Editor) Retrieved from http://jaha.ahajournals.org/content/3/3/e000864.full/reply|
|Holman, E. A., Garfin, D. R., & Silver, R. C. (2014). Media’s role in broadcasting acute stress following the Boston Marathon bombings. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the USA, 111, 93-98. doi/10.1073/pnas.1316265110|
|Holman, E.A., Guijarro, A., Lim, J., & Piomelli, D. (2014). Effects of acute stress on cardiac endocannabinoids, lipogenesis, and inflammation in rats. Psychosomatic Medicine, 76(1), 20-28.|
|Lessard, J., & Holman, E. A. (2013). FKBP5 and CRHR1 polymorphisms moderate the effects of child abuse and adult stress on physical health. Health Psychology. EPub ahead of print October 2013. doi: 10.1037/a0033968|
|Lucas-Thompson, R., & Holman, E. A. (2013). Environmental stress, oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) polymorphism, and mental health following collective stress. Hormones & Behavior, 63, 615-624.|
Silver, R. C., Holman, E. A., Andersen, J. P., Poulin, M., McIntosh, D. N., & Gil-Rivas, V. (2013). Mental and physical health effects of acute exposure to media images of the 9/11 attacks and the Iraq War. Psychological Science, 24, 1623-1634.
Holman, E. A. (2012). Acute stress and cardiovascular health: Is there an ACE gene connection? Journal of Traumatic Stress, 25, 592-597.
Poulin, M. J., Holman, E. A., & Buffone, A. (2012). The neurogenetics of nice: Receptor genes for Oxytocin and Vasopressin interact with threat to predict prosocial behavior. Psychological Science, 23, 446-452.
Holman, E. A., Lucas-Thompson, R. G., & Lu, T. (2011). Social constraints, genetic vulnerability, and mental health following collective stress. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24, 497-505.
Holman, E. A., & Silver, R. C. (2011). Health status and health care utilization following collective trauma: A 3-year national study of the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the United States. Social Science and Medicine, 73, 483-490.
McIntosh, D. N., Poulin, M. J., Silver, R. C., & Holman, E. A. (2011). The distinct roles of spirituality and religiosity in physical and mental health after collective trauma: A national longitudinal study of responses to the 9/11 attacks. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 34, 497-507.
Holman, E. A., Perisho, J., Edwards, A., & Mlakar, N. (2010). The myths of coping with loss in undergraduate psychiatric nursing books. Research in Nursing and Health, 33, 486-499.
Seery, M. D., Holman, E. A., & Silver, R. C. (2010). Whatever does not kill us: Cumulative lifetime adversity, vulnerability, and resilience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 1025-1041.
Seery, M. D., Leo, R. J., Holman, E. A., & Silver, R. C. (2010). Lifetime exposure to adversity predicts functional impairment and healthcare utilization among individuals with chronic back pain. Pain, 150, 507-515.
Holman, E. A., & Zimbardo, P. G. (2009). The social language of time: The time perspective-social network connection. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 31, 136-147.
Poulin, M. J., Silver, R. C., Gil-Rivas, V., Holman, E. A., & McIntosh, D. N. (2009). Finding social benefits after a collective trauma: Perceiving societal changes and well-being following 9/11. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 22, 81-90.
Holman, E. A., Silver, R. C., Poulin, M., Andersen, J., Gil-Rivas, V., & McIntosh, D. N. (2008). Terrorism, acute stress, and cardiovascular health: A 3-year national study following the September 11th attacks. Archives of General Psychiatry, 65, 73-80.
Seery, M. D., Silver R. C., Holman, E. A., Ence, W. A., & Chu, T. Q. (2008). Expressing thoughts and feelings following a collective trauma: Immediate responses to 9/11 predict negative outcomes in a national sample Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 657-667.
Suvak, M., Maguen, S., Litz, B. T., Silver R. C., & Holman, E. A. (2008). Indirect exposure to the September 11 terrorist attacks: Does symptom structure resemble PTSD? Journal of Traumatic Stress, 21, 30-39.
Updegraff, J. A., Silver, R. C., & Holman, E. A. (2008). Searching for and finding meaning in collective trauma: Results from a national longitudinal study of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 709-722.
Gil-Rivas, V., Silver, R. C., Holman, E. A., McIntosh, D. N., & Poulin, M. (2007). Parental response and adolescent adjustment to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20, 1063-1068.
Chu, T. Q., Seery, M. D., Ence, W. A., Holman, E. A., & Silver, R. C. (2006). Ethnicity and gender in the face of a terrorist attack: A national longitudinal study of immediate responses and outcomes two years after September 11. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 28, 291-301.
Holman, E. A., & Silver R. C. (2005). Future-oriented thinking and adjustment in a nationwide longitudinal study following the September 11th terrorist attacks. Motivation and Emotion, 29, 389-410.
Gil-Rivas, V., Holman, E. A., & Silver, R.C. (2004). Adolescent vulnerability following the September 11th terrorist attacks: A study of parents and their children. Applied Developmental Science, 8, 130-142.
Hawkins, N. A., McIntosh, D. N., Silver, R. C., & Holman, E. A. (2004). Early responses to school violence: A qualitative analysis of students' and parents' immediate reactions to the shootings at Columbine High School. Journal of Emotional Abuse, 4, 197-223.
Silver, R. C., Poulin, M., Holman, E. A., McIntosh, D. N., Gil-Rivas, V., & Pizarro, J. (2004). Exploring the myths of coping with a national trauma: A longitudinal study of responses to the September 11th terrorist attacks. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 9, 129-141.
Silver, R. C., Holman, E. A., McIntosh, D. N., Poulin, M., & Gil-Rivas, V. (2002). Nationwide longitudinal study of psychological responses to September 11. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 288, 1235-1244.
Holman, E. A., Silver, R. C., & Waitzkin, H. (2000). Traumatic life events in primary care patients: A study in an ethnically-diverse sample. Archives of Family Medicine, 9, 802-810.
Escobar, J. I., Gara, M., Silver, R. C., Waitzkin, H., Holman, E. A., & Compton, W. (1998). Somatisation Disorder in primary care. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 173, 262-266.
Escobar, J. I., Gara, M., Waitzkin, H., Silver, R. C., Holman, E. A., & Compton, W. (1998). DSM-IV Hypochondriasis in primary care. General Hospital Psychiatry, 20, 155-159.
Escobar, J. I., Waitzkin, H., Silver, R. C., Gara, M., & Holman, E. A. (1998). Abridged somatization: A study in primary care. Psychosomatic Medicine, 60, 466-472.
Gara, M., Silver, R. C., Escobar, J. I., Holman, E. A., & Waitzkin, H. (1998). A hierarchical classes analysis (HICLAS) of primary care patients with medically unexplained somatic symptoms. Psychiatry Research, 81, 77-86.
Holman, E. A., & Silver, R. C. (1998). Getting “stuck” in the past: Temporal orientation and coping with trauma. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1146-1163.
Holman, E. A. (1997). The nursing profession’s role in health psychology research: A reply to Helgeson and Lepore. The Health Psychologist, 19, 8.
Holman, E. A., & Silver, R. C. (1996). Is it the abuse or the aftermath? A stress and coping approach to understanding responses to incest. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 15, 318-339.
Holman, E. A., & Stokols, D. (1994). The environmental psychology of child sexual abuse. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 14, 237-252.
Whalen, C. K., Henker, B., O'Neil, R., Hollingshead, J., Holman, E. A., & Moore, B. (1994). Optimism in children's judgments of health and environmental risks. Health Psychology, 13, 319-325.
Whalen, C. K., Henker, B., O'Neil, R., Hollingshead, J., Holman, E. A., & Moore, B. (1994). Preadolescents perceptions of AIDS before and after Earvin Magic Johnson's announcement. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 19, 3-17.
Holman, E. A. (1990). Death and the health professional: Organization and defense in health care. Death Studies, 14, 13-24.
|Poulin, M. J., & Holman, E. A. (2013). Helping hands, healthy body? Oxytocin receptor gene and prosocial behavior interact to buffer the association between stress and physical health. Hormones & Behavior, 63, 510-517.|
|Grants||Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar Grant: "Susceptibility to Acute Stress and Cardiovascular Ailments: A Gene-Environment Analysis" 2010-2013|
|National Science Foundation: A national longitudinal study of community trauma exposure. 1/1/2015-12/31/2017, Total costs: $333,396 SILVER (PI), HOLMAN (Co-PI)|
|National Science Foundation: RAPID: Responding to Terror of a Different Kind: A National Study of the Ebola Epidemic 12/1/14 - 11/30/15, Total costs: $ 160,306 SILVER (PI), HOLMAN (Co-PI)|
|National Institute of Nursing Research: Genetic variation, stress, and functional outcomes after stroke rehabilitation 7/1/2015-6/30/2020, Total costs: $2,718,925 HOLMAN (PI), CRAMER (PI)|
International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Association for Psychological Science
American Psychological Association, Division of Health Psych
California Association for Nurse Practitioners
International Society for Nursing in Genetics
Family Nurse Practitioner
Community Care Health Clinics 2002—2007
|Link to this profile||http://www.faculty.uci.edu/profile.cfm?faculty_id=5441|