Kristi L Koenig
Professor of Emergency Medicine & Public Health
Director of Public Health Preparedness
Director, Center for Disaster Medical Sciences
Director, International EMS & Disaster Medical Sciences Fellowship
|Surge Capacity, Crisis Care, Disaster Nomenclature, Disaster Medical Sciences, EMS, Public Health Preparedness, Ebola, Emerging Infectious Diseases|
|URL||Center for Disaster Medical Sciences|
Professor Kristi L. Koenig, MD, FACEP, FIFEM is an internationally recognized expert in the fields of Homeland Security, Disaster and Emergency Medicine, Emergency Management, and Emergency Medical Services (EMS). A systems thinker, with strong academic and health policy background, she is widely published and internationally sought for lecture-presentations. She has been an invited consultant to the Joint Commission, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), State of California, and Government of Taiwan among others. A board-certified Emergency and EMS Physician, she serves as the Director of Public Health Preparedness for the University of California at Irvine since October 2004.
In April 1999, the Secretary of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) appointed Dr. Koenig for a 5-year term as National Director of the Emergency Management Strategic Healthcare Group and Principal EM Advisor to the Under Secretary for Health where she led Emergency Management for the Nation’s largest integrated healthcare system. She concurrently held a position as Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Prior to joining VA, Dr. Koenig was Director of Prehospital and Disaster Medicine at Highland Hospital in Oakland, California, and Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco.
In 1996, Dr. Koenig was invited to be Co-Director of the Accident and Emergency Department at St. George’s Hospital National Health Service Trust in London, where she concurrently was Director of Undergraduate Medical Student Education and Honorary Senior Lecturer at the University of London.
Throughout her career Dr. Koenig has held multiple appointments, including the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine Board of Directors, the Joint Commission’s Committee on Healthcare Safety, Chair of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine’s Disaster Medicine Task Force, the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) liaison to FEMA, the ACEP Ebola Expert Task Force, and the State of California EMS Commission. She is Senior Health Policy Advisor for the Institute for Global and Regional Readiness in Washington, DC, Consultant to the American Medical Association on Core Disaster Life Support and ACEP Ambassador to Taiwan and Germany.
Dr. Koenig has published three books including a definitive reference: Koenig and Schultz’s Disaster Medicine: Comprehensive Principles and Practices. She has authored more than 100 peer-reviewed articles, including publications in the New England Journal of Medicine and the Journal of the American Medical Association. She has been Co-Editor of the Disaster Medical and Public Health Preparedness Journal Special Ebola Issue, Associate Editor for Academic Emergency Medicine, Journal Watch Emergency Medicine senior editor, and an NIH grant reviewer. Her research grants include a National Science Foundation award to study hospital evacuation after California’s 1994 Northridge Earthquake.
With expertise in surge capacity, crisis care, disaster triage, and medical response to weapons of mass destruction, Dr. Koenig has delivered nearly 500 invited lectures in about 35 countries. She was an invited visiting professor in India, providing training on disaster and terrorism management just a few months prior to the 2006 Mumbai train bombings. Dr. Koenig is Affiliate Faculty at the University of California at Los Angeles’ Center for Public Health and Disasters, the Urban Water Research Center, and internationally for the European Master of Disaster Medicine (Visiting Professor of the Universita degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale, Vercelli, Italy and of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium) and Adjunct Professor, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. She is a National American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Media Spokesperson, is regularly featured in the news, and has provided Federal Congressional Testimony on Public Health Preparedness. In 2012, she was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship, University of Eastern Piedmont, Italy. The International Federation for Emergency Medicine (IFEM) awarded her the prestigious “Order of IFEM” Fellowship. ACEP awarded her the 2015 Communications Lifetime Achievement Award.
An honors graduate in applied mathematics from the University of California at San Diego, Dr. Koenig received her medical degree from Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York and completed an Emergency Medicine Residency at Highland Hospital in Oakland, California, serving as Chief Resident in her final year. A fellow of the American College of Emergency Physicians, Dr. Koenig is currently Professor of Emergency Medicine and Director of the International EMS & Disaster Medical Sciences Fellowship at the University of California at Irvine, School of Medicine.
Bullet Points for Meeting Introductions:
Kristi L. Koenig, MD, FACEP, FIFEM
Dr. Koenig is:
• Professor of Emergency Medicine & Public Health,
Director of the Center for Disaster Medical Sciences (CDMS),
Director of Public Health Preparedness, and
Director of the International EMS & Disaster Medical Sciences Fellowship
at the University of California, Irvine.
She is board certified in Emergency Medicine and EMS.
• From 1999 – 2004, she served as National Director of the Emergency Management Office for the U.S. Federal Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), the Nation’s largest integrated healthcare system.
• Dr. Koenig has published three books including a definitive reference: Koenig and Schultz’s Disaster Medicine: Comprehensive Principles and Practices (translated into Arabic and Mandarin Chinese) and authored more than 100 peer-reviewed articles, including publications in the New England Journal of Medicine and the Journal of the American Medical Association.
• She holds multiple appointments including visiting professor at universities in Australia and in Italy and Belgium for the European Master in Disaster Medicine (EMDM).
• She has been a visiting professor in London and in India, providing training on disaster and terrorism management just a few months prior to the 2006 Mumbai train bombings.
• She is a Fulbright Scholar and the International Federation for Emergency Medicine (IFEM) awarded her the prestigious “Order of IFEM” Fellowship.
• She is recipient of the 2015 ACEP Communications Lifetime Achievement Award.
• With expertise in surge capacity, crisis care, disaster triage, and medical response to weapons of mass destruction, Dr. Koenig has delivered nearly 500 invited lectures in about 35 countries.
• During the 2014 Ebola outbreak, Dr. Koenig served on the national ACEP Ebola Expert Task Force and as Co-Editor of the Disaster Medical and Public Health Preparedness Journal Special Ebola Issue. In this capacity, she developed the Identify-Isolate-Inform algorithm that was adopted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for emergency department, EMS, and ambulatory care center preparedness for Ebola.
|Publications||Koenig KL. Quarantine for Zika Virus? Where is the Science? Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 2016. http://jnls.cup.org/pdftext.do?componentId=10264573&jid=DMP&freeFlag=F.|
|Koenig KL, Almadhyan A, Burns MJ. Identify-Isolate-Inform: A tool for initial detection and management of Zika virus patients in the emergency department, WestJEM 2016. http://escholarship.org/uc/item/72w2v02d#page-1.|
|Glober NK, Sporer KA, Guluma KZ, Serra JP, Barger JA, Brown JF, Gilbert GH, Koenig KL, Rudnick EM, Salvucci AA. Acute Stroke: Current Evidence Based Recommendations for Prehospital Care, WestJEM 2016. http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5tc756dp.|
|Moreno-Walton LA, Koenig KL. Disaster Resilience: Addressing Gender Disparities. World Medical & Health Policy, special issue on disparities in disaster preparedness and resilience, 2016. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1948-4682.|
|Savino PB, Sporer KA, Barger JA, Brown JF, Gilbert GH, Koenig KL, Rudnick EM, Salvucci AA. Chest Pain of Suspected Cardiac Origin: Consistency of California EMS Protocols with Current Evidence-Based Recommendations. WestJEM 2015. http://escholarship.org/uc/item/1622v60n.|
|Schultz CH, Koenig KL, Alassaf W. Preparing an Academic Medical Center to Manage Patients Infected With Ebola: Experiences of a University Hospital. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, Sept 2015, pp 558-567. doi:10.1017/dmp.2015.111.|
|Barbisch D, Koenig KL and Shih FY. Is There a Case for Quarantine? Perspectives from SARS to Ebola. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, available on CJO2015. doi:10.1017/dmp.2015.38. Link|
|Koenig KL. Identify-Isolate-Inform: A modified tool for initial detection and management of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome patients in the emergency department. WestJEM 2015. http://escholarship.org/uc/item/3k27v8g1|
|Ahmedreza D, Hosseinijenab V, Peyravi M, Nekoie-moghadam M, Hosseini B, Schoenthal L, Koenig KL. The Hospital Incident Command System: modified model for hospitals in Iran, PLoS March 27, 2015.|
Koenig KL, Burns MJ, Alassaf W. Identify-Isolate-Inform: A Tool for Initial Detection and Management of Measles Patients in the Emergency Department. WestJEM, Mar 2015.
|Koenig KL. Health Care Worker Quarantine for Ebola: To Eradicate the Virus or Alleviate Fear? Ann Emerg Med, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.12.003. 2014.|
|Koenig KL. Identify, Isolate, Inform: A 3-pronged Approach to Management of Public Health Emergencies, Disaster Med Public Health Prep. Oct 2014. Link|
|Koenig KL. Ebola Triage Screening and Public Health: The New Vital Sign Zero, Disaster Med Public Health Prep. Oct 2014. Link|
|Koenig KL, Majestic C, Burns MJ. Ebola Virus Disease: Essential Public Health Principles for Clinicians, WestJEM, 2014. http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/1bh1352j#page-1.|
|Ho WH, Koenig KL, Quek LS. Formula One Night Race in Singapore: A 4-Year Analysis of a Planned Mass Gathering. Prehosp Disaster Med 2014 Sep 16:1-5.|
|Koenig KL. Disaster Medical Sciences: Towards Defining A New Discipline. Health Affairs Blog Dec 19, 2013. http://healthaffairs.org/blog/2013/12/19/disaster-medical-sciences-towards-defining-a-new-discipline/|
|Koenig KL, Ibrahim R. Disaster Triage (Session # BR17). Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 2013 28(1):72-74.|
|Mace SE, Doyle CJ, Fuchs S, Gausche-Hill M, Koenig KL, Sorrentino A, Johnson R. Pediatric Patients in a Disaster: Part of the All Hazard, Comprehensive Approach to Disaster Management. American Journal of Disaster Medicine, 2012 7(2):111- 125.|
|Koenig KL, Ibrahim R. Mass-Gathering Medicine (Session # PP16). Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 2012 27(3):295-296.|
|Halpern P, Goldberg S, Koenig KL, Goh J. Principles of Emergency Department Facility Design for Optimal Management of Mass Casualty Incidents. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 2012 27(2):204-212.|
|Koenig KL, Schultz C. Medical Relief After Earthquakes: Don’t Forget the Local Response! (letter). Annals Emerg Med 59(5):448, May 2012.|
|Koenig KL. Crisis Standard of Care is Altered Care, not an Altered Standard (letter). Annals Emerg Med 59(3)237-238, Mar 2012 and 59(5):443-444, May 2012.|
|Debacker M, Hubloue I, Dhondt E, Rockenschaub G, Rüter A, Codreanu T, Koenig KL, Schultz C, Peleg K, Halpern P, Stratton S, Della Corte F, Delooz H, Ingrassia PL, Colombo D, Castrèn M. Utstein-Style Template for Uniform Data Reporting of Acute Medical Response in Disasters. PLoS Currents Disasters. 2012 Mar 23 [last modified: 2012 May 30] doi: 10.1371/4f6cf3e8df15a.|
|Schultz CH, Koenig KL, Whiteside M, Murray R. Development of National Standardized All-Hazard Disaster Core Competencies for Acute Care Physicians, Nurses, and EMS Professionals, Annals Emerg Med,DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2011.09.003, published on line Oct 7, 2011.|
|Koenig KL, Burkle FM, Frederick M Jr, MD. (2011). Downwind from the Great Tohoku Earthquake: A Call to Global Action. UC Irvine: Department of Emergency Medicine (UCI). Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/94v7430r.|
|Koenig KL, Lim S, Crisis Standard of Care Refocusing Health Care Goals During Catastrophic Disasters and Emergencies, Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine (2011), doi:10.1016/j.jecm.2011.06.003, Available at: Link|
|Welzel T, Koenig KL, Bey T, Visser E. Effect of Hospital Staff Surge Capacity on Preparedness For A Conventional Mass Casualty Event, WestJEM, Vol 11(2). May 2010, available at: http://publish.escholarship.org/cgi/preview.cgi?article=1679&context=uciem/westjem.|
|Koenig KL, Schultz CH (eds.): Koenig and Schultz's Disaster Medicine: Comprehensive Principles and Practices. Cambridge University Press, American College of Emergency Physicians, 2010.|
|Deynes S, Kahn C, Koenig KL. Hospital Planning For Terrorist Disasters: A Community-Wide Program. Emergency Medicine Practice. 2009; Special Report:1-20. Dec 2009.|
|Koenig KL. Preparedness for Terrorism: Managing Nuclear, Biological, Chemical (NBC) Threats. Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore, Vol 38(12):Dec 2009.|
|Koenig KL, Bey T, Schultz CH. International Disaster Medical Sciences Fellowship: Model Curriculum and Key Considerations for Establishment of an Innovative International Educational Program, WestJEM 2009;11, available at: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/2006v8f4.|
|Koenig KL, Boatright CJ, Hancock JA, et. al. Healthcare Facility-Based Decontamination of Victims Exposed to Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Material. Am J Emerg Med 2008 26(1):71-80.|
|Koenig KL. NDMS Activation in a Public Health Response – A Tale of Hurricane Katrina Prehosp Disast Med 2008 23(4):s83-86.|
|Hick JL, Koenig KL, Barbisch D, Bey T. Surge Capacity Concepts for Healthcare Facilities: The 'CO-S-TR' Model for Initial Incident Assessment. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, Special Issue, 2008 2(Supplement_1): 51-57.|
|Bey T, van Weizsaecker E, Koenig KL. Global Warming: Polar Bears and People – Implications for Public Health Preparedness and Disaster Medicine: A Call to Action. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 2008 23(2):101-102.|
|Kaji AH, Koenig KL, Lewis RJ. Current Hospital Disaster Preparedness, JAMA 2007 298(18):2188-2190.|
|Schultz CH, Koenig K, Lewis RJ. Physician Decision-making in Hospital Earthquake Evacuation: Does Distance from the Epicenter Matter? Ann Emerg Med 2007 50:320-26.|
|Koenig KL, Boatright CJ, Hancock JA, et. al. Health Care Facilities' "War on Terrorism": A Deliberate Process for Recommending Personal Protective Equipment, Amer J Emerg Med 2007 25(2):185-195.|
|Davidson SJ, Koenig KL, Cone DC. The Daily Flow of Patients is not Surge: “Management is Prediction.” Acad Emerg Med 2006 Nov;13(11):1095-96.|
|Koenig KL, Kelen G. Executive Summary: The Science of Surge Conference. Acad Emerg Med 2006 Nov;13(11):1087-88.|
|Schultz, Koenig KL. State of Research in High Consequence Hospital Surge Capacity. Acad Emerg Med 2006 Nov;13(11):1153-56.|
|Barbisch D, Koenig KL Understanding Surge Capacity: Essential Elements. Acad Emerg Med 2006 Nov;13(11):1098-1102.|
|Shih F, Koenig KL. Improving Surge Capacity for Biothreats: Experience from Taiwan. Acad Emerg Med 2006 Nov;13(11):1114-17.|
|Tadmor B, McMannus J, Koenig KL. The Art and Science of Surge: Experience from Israel and the U.S. Military. Acad Emerg 2006 Nov;13(11):1130-34.|
|Kaji A, Koenig KL, Bey T. Surge Capacity for Healthcare Systems: A Conceptual Framework. Acad Emerg Med 2006 Nov;13(11):1157-59.|
|Koenig KL, Kahn CA, Schultz CH. Medical strategies to handle mass casualties from the use of biological weapons. Clin Lab Med 2006 Jun;26(2):313-27.|
|Koenig KL, Cone DC, Burstein JL, Camargo CA. Surging to the Right Standard of Care. Acad Emerg Med 2006 Feb;13(2):195-8.|
|Cone DC, Koenig KL. Mass Casualty Triage in the Chemical, Biological, Radiological, or Nuclear Environment. Eur J Emerg Med 2005 Dec:12(6):287-302.|
|Schultz CH, Koenig KL, Olson R, and AufderHeide Erik. Benchmarking for Hospital Evacuation: A Critical Data Collection Tool. Prehosp Disast Med 2005 20(5):331-342.|
|Koenig KL, Hatchett RJ, Mettler FA, et. al. Medical Treatment of Radiologic Casualties: Current Concepts. Ann Emerg Med June 2005;45(6):643-52.|
|Koenig KL, Darling RG. Bioterrorism: Is smallpox a real threat of just TV drama? Homeland Protection Professional 2005 March:12-18.|
|Koenig KL. Homeland Security and Public Health: Role of the Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, and Implications for the Public Health Community. Prehosp Disast Med 2003;19(4):327-333.|
|Darling R, Waeckerle J, Grabenstein JD, Koenig KL. Removal from patient care duties after smallpox vaccination – Is it really necessary? Ann Emerg Med 2003;42:685-688.|
|Koenig KL. Strip and Shower: The Duck and Cover for the 21st century. Ann Emerg Med 2003;42:391-394.|
|Koenig KL, Hatchett R (eds.). Department of Homeland Security Working Group on Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) Preparedness, Medical Preparedness and Response Sub-Group: Medical Response to Radiologic Casualties May 2003. Available at http://www.va.gov/emshg.|
|Koenig KL, Contributor to Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations White Paper: Health Care at the Crossroads: Strategies for Creating and Sustaining Community-wide Emergency Preparedness Systems. 2003. Available at Link.|
|Schultz CH, Koenig KL, Lewis RH, Implications of Hospital Evacuation after the Northridge Earthquake. NEJM April 3, 2003;348(14):1349-55.|
|Koenig KL, Boatright C. Derm and Doom: The Common Rashes of Chemical and Biological terrorism. ACEP Critical Decisions in Emergency Medicine 2003;17(6):1-11.|
|Mothershead JL, Tonat K, Koenig KL. Bioterrorism preparedness III: state and federal problems and response. Emerg Med Clin of North Am. 2002 May;20(2):477-500.|
|Koenig KL. The Role of Veterans Affairs in Homeland Security. ANSER Journal of Homeland Security Jan 2002; available at http://www.homelandsecurity.org/journal/.|
|Koenig KL. Unscheduled access to healthcare: Reengineering the 911 system. Acad Emerg Med 1996; 3(11):989-991.|
|Koenig KL, Dinerman N, Kuehl AE. Disaster Nomenclature - A functional impact approach: The PICE system. Acad Emerg Med 1996;3:723-727.|
|Benson M, Koenig KL, Schultz CH. Disaster Triage: START, then SAVE -- a new method of dynamic triage for victims of a catastrophic earthquake. Prehosp and Disaster Med 1996;11(2):117-124.|
|Schultz CH, Koenig KL, Noji EK. A medical disaster response to reduce immediate mortality following an earthquake. NEJM 1996;334(7):438-444.|
|Koenig KL. Quo Vadis: "Scoop and run," "stay and treat," or "treat and street"? Acad Emerg Med 1995;2(6):477-479.|
|Lillibridge S, Burkle FM, Waeckerle J, Koenig KL, et. al. Disaster Medicine: Current assessment and blueprint for the future. Acad Emerg Med 1995;2(12):1068-1076.|
National Director of Emergency Management Office
Department of Veterans Affairs 1999—2004
|Research Center||Center for Disaster Medical Sciences|
|Link to this profile||http://www.faculty.uci.edu/profile.cfm?faculty_id=5400|