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Rachel Sarah O'Toole

Associate Professor of History, History
School of Humanities

Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2001, History


M.A., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1996, History


B.A., University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1992, History & Latin American Studies

Phone: (949) 824-6521
Fax: (949) 824-2865
Email: rotoole@uci.edu

University of California, Irvine
Department of History
363 Murray Krieger Hall
Mail Code: 3275
Irvine, CA 92697

picture of Rachel Sarah O'Toole

Research
Interests
colonial Latin America, the Andes, African Diaspora, Atlantic world, history of race, gender
   
URL Curriculum Vitae
   
Academic
Distinctions
2013 Premio al libro Latin American Studies Association Perú Section Flora Tristán/Latin American Studies Association Peru Section Flora Tristán book prize for _Bound Lives: Africans, Indians, and the Making of Race in Colonial Peru_ Pitt Latin American Series (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012)

2013 Honorable Mention - Erminie Wheeler-Voeglin Book Award (The American Society for Ethnohistory) for _Bound Lives: Africans, Indians, and the Making of Race in Colonial Peru_ Pitt Latin American Series (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012)
   
Appointments 2006 – 2007 Residential Research Fellowship of the Law in Slavery and Freedom Project at the Institute for the Humanities at the University of Michigan

2004 John Carter Brown Library Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities
   
Research
Abstract
In my first book, _Bound Lives: Africans, Indians, and the Making of Race in Colonial Peru_, I examined how indigenous and African laborers together struggled against impositions on their labor to demonstrate how colonialism and slavery were mutually supportive. A social history, my analysis intervened in the history of critical race theory and colonialism by exploring how enslaved and indigenous employed state discourses distinguishing “Indian” from “black” in the seventeenth century. With a microhistorical approach, I demonstrated how indigenous laborers and enslaved Africans replicated but transformed colonial racial distinctions and the categories of slavery through their participation in emerging markets. By arguing for the value of their labor, as slaves or “Indians”, Africans and native Andeans complicated colonial definitions of justice with the very racial terms that lay at the heart of colonial labor debates.

In my current book project, I explore how Africans in the colonial Andes imagined their uncertain freedoms, long before the era of emancipation, within the Spanish empire’s discourses and practices of slavery. As throughout the Americas, Africans and their descendants employed colonial courts to defend their persons and families and to claim individual freedom, or manumission. The project argues, however, that enslaved people traded debt agreements and kin obligations for legal manumission. The result was uncertain freedom. Uniquely combining detailed microhistories of enslaved and freed families in the Peruvian coastal city of Trujillo (carefully constructed from thousands of notary records) with a textual analysis of contemporary publications, the book boldly theorizes the instability of freedom, and also the nature of legal bondage within the Spanish empire.
   
Publications "As Historical Subjects: The African Diaspora in Colonial Latin American History,” _History Compass_ 11/12 (December 2013): 1094 – 1110.
   
  _Bound Lives: Africans, Indians, and the Making of Race in Colonial Peru_ Pitt Latin American Series (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012)
   
  _Africans to Spanish America: Expanding the Diaspora_, Sherwin Bryant, Rachel Sarah O’Toole,and Ben Vinson III, editors. The New Black Studies Series (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2012)
   
  “Fitting In: Urban Indians, Migrants, and Muleteers in Colonial Peru,” _City Indians in Spain’s
American Empire: Urban Indigenous Society in Colonial Mesoamerica and Andean South America, 1600-1830_, Dana Velasco Murillo, Mark Lentz, and Margarita R. Ochoa, editors (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2012), pp. 148 – 171.
   
  “To Be Free and Lucumí: Ana de la Calle and Making African Diaspora Identities in Colonial Peru,” _Africans to Spanish America: Expanding the Diaspora_, Sherwin Bryant, Rachel Sarah O’Toole, and Ben Vinson III, editors. The New Black Studies Series (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2012), pp. 73 – 92.
   
  “Don Carlos Chimo del Perú: ¿Del Común o cacique?,” _Secuencia: Revista de historia y ciencias
sociales_ [Mexico] 81 (septiembre-diciembre 2011), pp. 13 – 41.
   
  “Within Slavery: Marking Property and Making Men in Colonial Peru,” _Power, Culture, and Violence in the Andes_, Christine Hünefeldt and Misha Kokotovic, editors (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2009), pp. 29 – 49.
   
  “’The Most Resplendent Flower in the Indies’: Making Saints and Constructing Whiteness in Colonial Peru,” _Women, Religion, and the Atlantic World (1600 – 1850)_, Daniella Kostroun and Lisa Vollendorf, editors (Toronto: University of Toronto Press in association with the UCLA Center for Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Studies and the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, 2009), pp. 136 – 155.
   
  “Religion, Society, and Culture in the Colonial Era,” _A Blackwell Companion to Latin American History_, Thomas H. Holloway, editor (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2008),pp. 162 – 177.
   
  “From the Rivers of Guinea to the Valleys of Peru: Becoming a Bran Diaspora within Spanish Slavery,” _Social Text_ 92, 25: 3 (Fall 2007), pp. 19 – 36.
   
  “In a War against the Spanish”: Andean Protection & African Resistance on the Northern Peruvian Coast,” _The Americas_ 63:1 (July 2006), pp. 19 – 52.
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/the_americas/v063/63.1otoole.html
   
  “Danger in the Convent: Colonial Demons, Idolatrous Indias, and Bewitching Negras in Santa Clara (Trujillo del Perú),” _Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History_ 7:1 (Spring 2006)
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_colonialism_and_colonial_history/v007/7.1otoole.html
   
  “Castas y representación en Trujillo colonial,” in _Más allá de la dominación y la resistencia: Estudios de historia peruana, siglos XVI - XX_, Paulo Drinot and Leo Garofalo, editors (Lima: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, 2005), pp. 48 – 76.
   
  "Ellos no son los únicos dueños de sus historias: liderazgos paralelos de Ferreñafe y Lambayeque (1750 –1790)," in _La Memoria de los Ancestros_, Luis Millones and Wilfredo Kapsoli, editors (Lima: Universidad Ricardo Palma Editorial Universitaria, 2001), pp. 91 - 114.
   
  "Who Betrays Ana Negra?: Theories and Praxis of Latin American Women's History," _Hemisphere_ 9:1 (Winter/Spring 1999), pp. 30 - 33.
   
Grants 2004 Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library John D. and Rose H. Jackson Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship
   
2003 Albert J. Beveridge Grant for Research in the History of the Western Hemisphere from the American Historical Association
   
2003 Short-Term Research Fellowship from the International Seminar on the History of the Atlantic World at Harvard University
   
2003 Newberry Library Short-Term Resident Fellowship
   
2007 University of California Pacific Rim Research Program, Mini-Grant
   
2012 Mellon-Latin American Studies Association Grant Seminar Series (with Anna More and Ivonne del Valle)
   
   
Link to this profile http://www.faculty.uci.edu/profile.cfm?faculty_id=5358
   
Last updated 08/21/2014